ֳ֯ן : , ֯ ֟և? He is testing my patience.

֡㑮 ֮ : ָ, ֯ ֟ ו֋ ֯ ֟

SHRI PENUMALLI MADHU: Sir, my demand is that the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare should appoint a committee to go into the entire thing and see to it that it is stopped. Immediately, the Government of India should intervene. (Ends)

MR. DEPUTY CHAIRMAN: Hon. Members, we have a large number of Special Mentions and hence we are dispensing with the lunch-hour to complete the Special Mentions.



SHRI SANTOSH BAGRODIA (RAJASTHAN): I rise to commend the attention of this House to the recent reports suggesting proliferation of explosives and small arms among unauthorised and potentially subversive elements. During 2004-06, 86000 detonators, 20MT slurry explosive, 52 kms. of detonating fuse and about half MT of explosive Gelatine sticks have been stolen or diverted to such elements from some 21000 licensed explosive manufacturers. Explosive substances like ammonium nitrate and potassium chlorate that were used in recent blasts are available freely in the market. The geographical spread of such thefts is confined largely to naxal-infested areas of Chhattisgarh, Orissa, Jharkhand and Marathwada. Another associated challenge for internal security is the spread of assault arms among subversive groups, organised crime-gangs and country-made arms in the rural areas. The recent seizures suggest that such arms are either of the foreign origin or have been stolen from Ordnance factories or illegally assembled by unauthorised manufacturers. Even more alarming is the pilferage from the Ordnance factories and Government arms depots.

Collectively, such trends present a scary scenario for the internal security situation. I ask the Government to enhance the surveillance to trace the leads of such pilferages and prevent them. Beyond customary advisory to State Home Departments, the Government must issue stringent guidelines to district police to stem the proliferation of explosive substances and small assault arms. Internal security nonetheless is a Central-subject. (Ends)



DR. GYAN PRAKASH PILANIA (RAJASTHAN): Sir, it is a matter of grave concern that India's first line of defence, BSF, is putting away their weapons and going home for good. Nearly 41,000 Border Security Force personnel--one in five in the 2.09 lakh force--have quit their jobs over the last 30 months. Over 7,000 men deployed along the Indo-Pakistan and Indo-Bangladesh borders put in their papers in the first half of 2007; nearly 16,200 quit in 2006 and more than 17,000 in 2005. Most of them were from the constabulary and had spent the prime of their lives at the border. An annual attrition rate of 8 per cent was alarming.

But, BSF personnel are not the only one giving up their jobs. Over 2,000 people quit the CRPF, a 2.48 lakh strong force; nearly half as many resign from the Central Industrial Security Force annually and 1,500 from the Assam Rifles, the force deployed to fight insurgents in the North-East.

Unfortunately, BSF has a suicide rate that is three times higher than the army. Last year, 41 BSF personnel committed suicide against 100 Army personnel; the BSF's suicide rate was 20.5 per lakh against 6.6 per lakh in the Army. Obviously, our security forces have had enough of the tough life, long periods away from home and few rewards.

In view of the above alarming scenario, I would urge the hon. Home Minister to take corrective measures on war-footing. (Ends)

(Followed by kls/2b)






SHRI VIJAY J. DARDA (MAHARASHTRA): Sir, Ekta Parishad's five year long progressive and intensified campaign --now metamorphosis as Janadesh 2007-- is a non-violent movement to project people's land rights and obtain Government's commitment for immediate interaction, about 25000 dedicated landless farmers and have-nots from 18 States, having spontaneous support of about 1000 foreign nationals from 19 countries also walked all the way (360 kms) to show their solidarity for the cause. This reminds me of the Bhoodan Yajna -the Lands Gift Mission - in fifties' under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi's foremost disciple, Acharya Vinobha Bhave, along with well-known social activists like Ms. Nirmala Deshpande and Shri Lalu Dada originating from Pochampalli, Andhra Pradesh and selfless Sarvodaya workers, walked from village to village for 13 years covering 50,000 Kms, persuading people to share the land with their landless brethren. Over ten lakh hectares of land was collected as Bhoodan, of which 40 per cent could be distributed to the landless. The remaining 60 per cent could not be distributed in the absence of a supportive legislation and political will. The nation's consciousness has to return once again to the traditional land rights of Advasis and landless who are denied either in the name of development or thorough manipulations of the land mafia. Government's immediate initiative in the shape of setting up an expert committed followed by the National Land Reforms Council is a laudable augury. For giving immediate relief, the Government should initiate identification of Bhoodan lands in various States that are yet to be distributed. The Government should provide legislative and other necessary support to responsible NGOs and complete the unfinished task of Acharya Vinobha Bhaveji. This will be our contribution in the centenary year of Satyagraha Movement and fulfilment of Mahatma Gandhi's prayer to wipe tear from every eye of the poorest of the poor. Thank you.

SHRI DATTA MEGHE (MAHARASHTRA): Sir, I associate myself with the sentiments expressed by the hon. Member. (Ends)

Demand to implement the recommendations

of the Sachhar Committee


(ָ™): , ׾ֿ ָ ָָ ֮ ֟ ָ פ֮ ָߵ ִֻ֮ ִו, ٣ ãן ֮֮ ׻֋ ָ ָָ ִֵٟ ֕ꮦ ָ֓ ֟ ״ן ֚ օ ֮ ׸ ָָ ָ ָָ ֱ׸ ָ ֵԾ ,

ִ ֵ ָߵ ûִ ִ֕ ֤֕ 60 ֤ ӟ ׯ֔ ׸ ִֻ֮ ִ֕ ׯ֔ ָ ֻ֟ ָ ֱ׸ և ûִ ִ֕ , ו֮ ٣, ִו ãן ׯ֔ ߓ ûִ ֓ ֟ ûִ ׿, ד ָ֯ ׻֋ ׾֬ֆ ӟ ־ ָָ -ָָ ãֆ ûִ וִ ܵ ֮ܵ ֟

ָָ ֮ ֟ ָ פ֮ ָ ִֻ֮ ֮:ãן ִ֮ ֺ ܵ, ִֻ֮ ܵ ָ ֮ ׻֋ ָ ϵ ֮ ִ ֲָָ ֮ ָ֓ ֱ׸ , ָ ִԟ ֻ ֮ (ִ֯)

(Followed by 2C)




SHRI M. V. MYSURA REDDY (ANDHRA PRADESH): Mr. Vice-Chairman, Sir, I would like to draw the attention of Central Government towards abolishing of child labour problem in our country. Sir, according to the Indian Census of 1991, there are 11.28 million working children under the age of fourteen years in India. Over 85 per cent of this child labour is in the country's rural areas, working in agricultural activities such as farming, hotels, dhabas, livestock rearing, forestry and fisheries etc. Sir, as a developing country, our country is facing a multitude of social problems. India has adopted constitutional statutory and developmental measures with a view to eliminate it. Child labour is caused by a multitude of problems including poverty, unemployment/underemployment, illiteracy, lack of school facilities and inefficiency of protective legislation for working children. In order to overcome these problems, our country must first recognize that child labour exists in the different parts of the country and it should be eradicated. Sir, as the Government is aware that forced, bonded or indentured child labour is prohibited under Indian laws but it is a matter of grave concern to all of us that existing laws, including Child Labour (prohibition and regulation) Act, 1986 are not being implemented effectively throughout the country by the Government. The Central Government should give suitable directions to the concerned State Governments to implement it in an effective manner. Therefore, I urge upon the Central Government to formulate and chalk out a legal action plan and the specific programs and schemes to abolish child labour from the country. Thank you. (Ends)

SHRI RUDRA NARAYAN PANY (ORISSA): Sir, I associate myself with the Special Mention made by Shri M.V. Mysura Reddy. (Ends)



SHRI SHARAD ANANTRAO JOSHI (MAHARASHTRA): Sir, through this Special Mention I wish to draw the attention of the Government on the actual situation of the working of the NREGS. From well supported and documented studies it is clearly established that:

The general awareness about the scheme amongst people is very low. Few come forward to demand jobs; such demands, if and when made, are not duly receipted;

The works under the project are not planned with people's participation but in conformity with instructions received from district and higher levels;

The Panchayats who have the responsibility for implementation do not have the necessary administrative machinery for the purpose, with the result that there is delay in job allocation and wage payment;

The actual wages paid are lower than the minimum agricultural wages applicable in the States;

Worksite facilities such as shade, first aid, creche etc. are not available to workers. The monitoring vigilance committees are non-functional and there is nothing by way of grievance redressal mechanism;

The social audit is only a formality and the Gram Sabhas are allowed little role in it.

There is hardly a day when the newspapers do not bring out some cases of rampant corruption in sanctioning the projects or in payment of wages;

There is little verification carried out of the persons actually coming to work; the family cards are being used like ATM cards for withdrawing money.

I appeal to the Government to look into all these aspects of the NREGS. Thank you. (Ends)

(Followed by NBR/2D)



SHRI S. ANBALAGAN (TAMIL NADU): Sir, while extending my sincere thanks to hon. Minister for Labour & Employment for revising pay-scales of the EPFO personnel, I am to understand that the revision has not benefited any cadre even to a bare minimum. Also, this order has covered about 25 per cent of workforce only, leaving the majority in lurch. Further, when thousands of posts in all cadres are lying vacant, these employees, who have been shouldering the extra burden to render effective service to millions of PF subscribers, rightly deserve a better remuneration.

Bestowed personal attention of the hon. Minister is invited to rectify the following anomalies expeditiously:

The pay revision notionally be fixed from 1-1-1996 under FR 22(1)(a)(1) with monetary benefit from March, 2003, including that of isolated cadres like Stenographers, Hindi Translators, PA, etc.

The service of SSAs converted in November, 2005, to be counted from date of notification, since the notification for change in nomenclature of posts was issued in 2003, whereas the LDCs were converted as SSAs during November, 2005 only. This has deprived them about three years of valuable service, which is now affecting them in the order issued with a pre-condition of four years for upgradation.

Revising pay of Sr. SSA (TBP) at par with Section Supervisor, since they are drawing the same pay-scale since 1992 based on the agreement date 17-5-1991 executed between the EPF Staff Federation and the Central Provident Fund Commissioner.

Filling up thousands of vacant posts on a war footing, as per existing norms, to ensure speedy service to millions of PF members.



SHRI B.S. GNANADESIKAN (TAMIL NADU): Sir, I would like to bring to the notice of the Government that due to lack of proper provisions in cyber laws, the abuse against children victimizing them through web has been increased recently. The Internet has a huge potential for both good and bad things. For those consuming underage pornography, the web is the medium of choice. As with other cyber crimes, the Internet offers the consumer distance and anonymity in purchasing material. Instead of having risk of going to a shop or meeting a vendor, child porn consumers can simply enter their credit card details and log on for vicarious pleasure. At the same time, distribution of such porn material in books is an offence under the current law and the person who indulges such activities can be brought under law. But, as far as Internet distribution of porn material is concerned, the culprit is somewhere abroad and the vicarious consumer is in India and both of them are going scot-free. As per the National Human Rights Commission Report, the number of children being trafficked for the production of pornography has increased. Due to lack of specific law to prevent abuse of child, the culprits could not be punished. Hence, I request the Government to make a specific law to impose severe punishment to those who indulge in child pornography in the website immediately. I further request the Government to impose a ban on the access of such kind of websites in India so that our culture and life of future citizens of the country could be safe. Thank you. (Ends)

SHRIMATI SUPRIYA SULE (MAHARASHTRA): Sir, I associate myself with the Special Mention made by Shri Gnanadesikan. Thank you.






SHRIMATI SUPRIYA SULE (MAHARASHTRA): In order to make an improvement in the public urban transport system in Mumbai city, the Government has taken a decision to implement the Mumbai Metro Rail Project, under the project for implementation of mass rapid transit system in Versova-Andheri-Ghatkopar corridor and the Government of Maharashtra has forwarded the proposal for Viability Gap Funding of Rs. 650 crores to the Government of India. In order to make improvement in public transit system in the metropolitan region, the Government has taken a decision to implement Mumbai Metro Rail Project of 146 Km, costing Rs. 20,000 crores. In the first phase of Mumbai Metro Rail Project, the Government has taken a decision to implement Versova-Andheri-Ghatkopar corridor of 14 km length, costing Rs. 2356 crores through private/public partnership. The Government of Maharashtra has forwarded the proposal for Viability Gap Funding of Rs. 650 crores to the Urban Development Ministry. In this context, the MMRDA had furnished requisite information and a presentation was made by the MMRDA to the Empowered Committee of the DEA on 10th October, 2006. The Empowered Committee, after considering the proposal, certified that the project qualifies for the grant of Viability Gap Funding, but did not sanction the same as the bidding process was initiated prior to the issue of guidelines by the Department of Economic Affairs and, then, consequently recommended that the project could be considered for financial assistance by the Ministry of Urban Development under their own Viability Gap Funding Scheme/ JNNURM. The necessary details have also been furnished to the Ministry of Urban Development and their final approval is awaited. As the proposal is important and pending for a long time, I urge upon the Government to consider the proposal at an early date. (Ends)

SHRI VIJAY J. DARDA (MAHARASHTRA): Sir, I associate myself with what the hon. Member, Shrimati Supriya Sule, has said. (Ends)




ֵָ () : ֳ֬ , ָ߲ ִ֬ ֤֟ ֟ ֮ ֵ ׾ßָ ו֮֟ ֟ , ֮ ݵ֯ ֕ ׸ ִ֮֬ ִ Ϥ Ӥ ִִ֮֮ ֯ ׾֬ ֮ ֲ ™ߵ ִ֕ ׾ ßָ ָ ֺ þ-֟ԕ ֮ ӟԟ, ֟-և ™ߵ ִ֕ -5 ֕ Ӥ ֵ , ִ خ ִ ֱ ֡ ֛ 2004 ו֮֟ , ֮ ִ ָֻ ֯ ִֻ ӳ߸ ӓ-׾ֵ֕־֛ ™ߵ ִ֕ ָ ... ָָ ֮ ֤ ϓָ ֵ, ָ ן֣֯ ָ ï™ ד֡ ָ , ִ ֻ ֟ ֻ֯ Ӥ ׮ ִֻ֬ ֤֮ ָ ֮ ֆӸֻ ß ™ߵ ִ֕ פ ֮ - ֤ ָ ֵ֮ ֮ ß Դ -־ԟߵ ֟-Ӳև ™ߵ ִ֕ -6 ïֿ օ ָ ִ֕ ׾ ֣ף֟ Ͼ֤ ן׾׬ֵ ֋ ֋߅

™ߵ ִ֕ 200 ׸ ׯן׸ ӛ י֙ ֮ ֣-֣ ӳ־ خ ֵօ ָ ™ߵ ִ֕ 201 ָ֛ ׸ ӯ ׾ ֋ 224 -ֻ߸ ן ן ֋ ׻ ׮ Ӳֻ֯ ׾ß ™ߵ ִ֕ 42 ֿ خ ֮ ֣ ֮ ֻ ֬ ϴ ֣ וֻ "" (Anugul) ׻֋ ֵ֯ ϲӬ ֮ ׮ ׮ ִ֕ӛ ֮ ֻ ™ߵ ִ֕ 215 ִ ֆӸֻ ׮ ִ֕ӛ, ֈ ӓ ֮ ֻ ™ߵ ִ֕ 23 ӯ ָ֟ ׻֋ ָָ ֮־֤ (ִ֯)

֚ () : ָ, ֋

ֵ ֺ (ָӛ) : ָ, ֋

߸ () : ָ, ֋

MS. PRAMILA BOHIDAR (ORISSA): Sir, I associate myself with what the hon. Member, Shri Rudra Narayan Pany, has said. (Ends)

(Followed by 2f -- VP)



SHRI LALHMING LIANA (MIZORAM): Sir, through this Special Mention, I wish to draw the attention of the Government towards the crisis of food security in Mizoram and the untold miseries suffered by the famine- stricken people in the interior places of the State.

The local production of rice, which is far from adequate to feed even half of the population, has been adversely affected since the last two years due to an extra phenomenon called "MAUTAM", that is, gregarious bamboo flowering, and the situation is still worse this year. The poor harvest of rice has been abetted by drastic reduction of rice allocation since 2006, which is the very year in which this dreadful "Mautam famine" set in, and due to lack of purchasing power among the farmers.

The present allotment of 4260 MT of rice per month is far from sufficient to meet our minimum requirement. Mizoram has adult population of 10,35,853 as per record of ration card. The rural population of Mizoram eats three meals a day, and an adult consumes a minimum of 4 kgs of rice per week. Based on that calculation, our minimum requirement is 10,000 MT per month, besides BPL and AAY quota. If this gap of, at least, 5740 MT per month is to be filled up by purchasing at economic cost, additional financial burden will be Rs. 8,29,43,000/- per month, and the State, with its meagre resources, is not in a position to bear this cost.

If immediate action is not taken to solve this problem, the people of Mizoram are bound to face starvation that may, subsequently, drag the State into a serious law and order problem.

I fervently request the Government to give additional allotment of APL rice to the tune of 5740 MT per month to Mizoram so that the people of Mizoram will be saved from starvation deaths.

SHRI DWIJENDRA NATH SHARMAH (ASSAM): Sir, I associate myself with the Special Mention made by the hon. Member. (Ends)



SHRI O.T. LEPCHA (SIKKIM): Mr. Vice-Chairman, Sir, I would like to draw the kind attention of the Central Government towards the frequent disturbances made by a regional political party of Darjeeling District in West Bengal through strikes, as a result of which the entire communication system is paralysed and the people of Sikkim are the worst sufferers.

Sir, as you all are aware, Sikkim is a peaceful and land-locked State, and the only lifeline is National Highway 31-A. There is no other alternative. In this connection, it may be mentioned that whenever such type of strike call for Bandh in this region is given by any political party in West Bengal, the entire transport and communication system gets totally paralysed. This is a very serious matter and the Central Government should take effective steps to restore the communication system, especially, National Highway 31-A in the interest of the people of Sikkim. The Government should intervene in the matter.

Therefore, I urge upon the Central Government to look into the matter seriously and take appropriate action in the interest of the people of Sikkim.

SHRI SAMAN PATHAK (WEST BENGAL): Sir, I associate myself with the Special Mention made by the hon. Member.

SHRI LALHMING LIANA (MIZORAM): Sir, I also associate myself with the Special Mention made by the hon. Member. (Ends)




ִ֮ ֚ (׿ִ ֻ) : ֳ֯ן , ֮ 1988 ׿ִ ֻ ָָ ӟԟ ãן ٕػ וֻ ֛ ӓֻ ٕػ ־ԟ ׸֤ ֮ , ߮ ֻ ֻ ֟ Ӥ֮ ܵ ָ ֮ ׻֋ ָ֤ ײ֟ օ

֟ 6 פִָ, 2005 ָָ, ֕ ָָ ־ԟ ׸֤ Ͽ ߓ ׸ ؙ , וִ ٕػ ־ԟ ׸֤ ֳԌ ׮Ե ׻ֵ ֵ օ ָ֬ ָ ׿ִ ֻ ׾֮֬ ֳ ß־ ׸ ָָ ֵ

־ԟ ׸֤ ׮־ד֟ ״ֵ֤ ֟ ֳ 2 ֋ ӓֵ֟ ־ þֺ ׾ִ ֵ ֹ ָ֮֬ ׾ִֻ

('2g/nb' ָ ָ)


ִ֮ ֚ (֟) : ֳ 2 ֤ ָ֟ Ͽ ֮ ֮ ֻ ٕػ ֮֟ ׻֋ , ׻ ӯ ֟ס ӓ ׻֋ ד֟ ֮֕ן ãָ ָ ֮֟ ָ ֿß , ו þֺ ׾׳֮ ֟ס ׌ֵ ֳ ֮֟ פֳϮ ׿ֿ , ו ֻ֟ ן-ֻ ֿ

ֳ֬ , ֯ ִ֬ ָָ ֿ֣ߑ ׾֬ ֤ ß ٕػ ־ԟߵ ׸֤ Ӿ׮ Ϥ֮ ֮־֤ (ִ֯)

SHRI O.T. LEPCHA (SIKKIM): Sir, I associate myself with the Special Mention made by the hon. Member. (Ends)





׻֟ ֟ (֕ã֮) : ֳ֬ , ָָ ָ ֕ã֮ ֯ ֮ ӟԟ ן׸ ־ә ָ ׾ֿ

, ™ߵ ִו ֵ֟ ֵ ӟԟ 65 ׬ ֵ ־ã ֮ ֡ ֵ ׌ֵ ו֮ ֕ ־ ™ߵ ־ã ֮ ֮ ״ֻ , ֯ ֮ ӟԟ 10 ן פ ֮ ־֮֬ ֕ã֮ 2000 ָ ӓ׻֟ , 2002 Ù ֮ ã֮ӟ׸ ֮ ִֵ ֵ׮֟ 1,05,293 ׌ֵ ׻֋ ֲ ֡ 12,635 י ־ә ֵ׮֟ ׌ֵ ܵ ־׻ ִ ֙-֜ ׮־ֵ ֟ ֵ ר ֣-֣ ֜ ִ ָ þֺ ֮ ӟԟ 2004-05 2005-06 ֡֟֬׸ ܵ 1,01,025 ֜ , ָӟ ֕ã֮ ָָ ׮ָָ ־֕ ָָ ֵ֜

ֳ֬ , ׾ֿ ָ ־ ֵ׮֟ ָ֡֟֬ ֣ ֵ֯ ־ ׾ֻӲ ִ֯ ֮ ֜ ܵ ׻֋ 12,123 י ן׸ ־ә ֮ ֮־֤ (ִ֯)



ֻ (֜) : ֳ֬ , ׳ֻև Ù߻ ә ϳ׾֟ ֮ ֣ ֓ ׳ֻև Ù߻ ә ֣״ ָ פ ֮ ָ ׾ֿ ָ ָָ ֮ ֟

, ֜ ֕ ׳ֻև Ù߻ ә ׮ִ ִֵ ִ׵ ׾ֳ 16 ߙ ֵָ ֮ ֻ Ӿ ׮ִ ֵ ֮ ߤָ ׮ֳ֟ ֌, ׮ִ ֵ ׻֋, ׾ֳ ׿ Ù߻ ә ן׾׬ֵ ָ ־י և, ֲ ׮ִ ִֵ ֵ ִ, ׳ֻև Ù߻ ә Ӥ ٣ ϳ׾֟ , ֳ ִ ׻֋ ׾ ֵ ָ ׳ֻև Ù߻ ә օ ׳ֻև Ù߻ ә ָ֟ ٟ֯ ֕ և ֟ ֻ ֲ֤֟ ֮ 4 ֓և ־ֿ ٟ , ֮ ֵ פ ֬ ֮ ׳ֻև Ù߻ ә ֲֻ ֵ ֋, ϳ׾֟ ֮ ֓ ֋ Ù߻ ә ֋߅ ֕ ׳ֻև ֵ ֻ-㮛 ־ և ֮և և , ׻֋ ָ ֮ ִ߮ ֟ ָ և ֮ ֓ ׳ֻև Ù߻ ә ֋, ֮ ָ ֵ׮֟ ֵ , ֣ , ֮ ־ ֮ ֻ ָ֤

ָָ Ӿ, ׳ֻև Ù߻ ә ׾ãׯ֟ , ׾ ׻֋ ׳ֻև Ù߻ ә ֕ և ִ׵ ׾ ֮ ӟԟ ֵԯ ָ֮׿ ־י ֋ ֣ ִ׵ ׾ 50 ߙ ֋ ן׸ ׳ֻև Ù߻ ә וֻ ָ ݵָ֮֟ ֋ ָ ֋ פ ֜ open vacancy ִ ֟ , ָ ֻ֟ և ֋ ֜ ׿֟ ֓ ݵָ֮֟ ֋ ֮־֤


ִָ֬ ֯ (֜) : , ֮ ׾ֿ ֣ ִ֨ (ִ֯)

ֻ (֜) : , ֮ ׾ֿ ֣ ִ֨ (ִ֯)

2H/PB ָ





SHRI C. PERUMAL (TAMIL NADU): Sir, there are more than five hundred khadi and village industries in our country. The main industry is palm industries in Tamil Nadu. These palm industries are situated in the following regions of Tamil Nadu, namely, Krishnagiri, Dharmapuri, Salem, Erode, Coimbatore, Chengalpattu, Cuddalore, Pudukottai, Madurai, Ramanathapuram, Thirunelveli and Kanyakumari. They were producing Palm Juice, Palm Jaggery, Palm Candy, Neera, Palmta, Palm Cola, etc., from the palm trees. Palm sugar is generally used by diabetic patients, pregnant women and mill labourers. This keeps them very healthy. Previously, palm fibre used to be manufactured in Colachel, Kanyakumari District in Tamil Nadu and was being exported from the Tuticorin Harbour. The Government of India earned nearly Rs. 20 crores of foreign exchange. Madhavaram at Chennai, Mathur at Krishnagiri District, Kalinganaickanpalayam at Coimbatore District, Kadapakkam at Chengleput District were having manufacturing units of Palm Candy, Palm Jaggery, Palm Sugar, Palmta, Palm Cola, Palm Chocolate and handicrafts. They used to get financial assistance from the Khadi and Village Industries Commission through the State Government. Thousands of labourers of these backward districts were getting employment opportunities. Due to the decision of the KVIC to stop the financial assistance from 1998-1999 resulting in closure of these industries, thousands of labourers have lost their employment.

Sir, through this House, I request the Government to revive the earlier scheme and provide the financial assistance to these units. Grouphousing and old-age pension for palm labourers may be introduced by the Central Government to save thousands of labourers depending only on these industries. (Ends)

SHRI SU. THIRUNAVUKKARASAR (MADHYA PRADESH): Sir, I associate myself with the Special Mention made by the hon. Member.

SHRI S. ANBALAGAN (TAMIL NADU): Sir, I also associate myself with the Special Mention made by the hon. Member.

THE VICE-CHAIRMAN (SHRI UDAY PRATAP SINGH): Shrimati Syeda Anwara Taimur; not present. Ms. Pramila Bohidar.

(Followed by 2j/SKC)



MS. PRAMILA BOHIDAR (ORISSA): The high Maternal Mortality Rate in India calls for immediate measures to check this menace. The national figure of Maternal Mortality Rate is 301 per one lakh of live births in a State like Orissa; it may be more in the case of some other States.

To check this menace, we should expand the scope of delivery and proper post-natal care. The role of ANM, ASHA and Anganwadi workers is vital for cent per cent registration of pregnant cases and arranging pre and post-natal services at their doorsteps, including arrangements for institutional delivery or ensuring delivery by shelled attendants. All the posts of Doctors and Paramedical staff like that of ANM and LHV need to be filled up. It is seen that some sub-centres still go without ANMs.

One of the most important factors contributing to the high mortality is widespread malnutrition among women. The recent National Family Health Survey-III has revealed widespread under-nutrition among women and children and high maternal mortality. One-third of the women in this country are malnourished and over half of the women are anaemic.

The high rate of Infant Mortality also constitutes under-nourished, under-weight and anaemic children. Recently, on the eve of the World Food Day, it was said by experts that India is the most starving country in the world and women and girls are affected the most.

In view of this, I request the Government and the Ministry of Health to give special attention to this issue of women health and check the MMR and IMR. (Ends)

SHRI B.J. PANDA (ORISSA): Sir, I associate myself with the Special Mention made by the hon. Member. (Ends)





That the Bill further to amend the Indian Boilers Act, 1923, be taken into consideration.


Sir, I need a few minutes to explain this Bill to this august House. The genesis of this Amendment Bill can be traced back to as early as 1972. It is, indeed, now a matter of great satisfaction for me that finally, this important piece of legislation has been brought for consideration of this august House. In 1972, a high-powered expert committee was constituted, which was a technical committee. The Committee, in view of the rapid advances in technology relating to the design, manufacture and use of boilers, which are a critical component in every manufacturing activity, recommended suitable amendments to bring the law in line with the requirements of changing times. In 1974, the recommendations of this committee were circulated to all State Governments. The Boilers Act being a Concurrent Subject, it had to have the approval of the State Governments. In 1984, recommendations had to be again circulated because in the interregnum, there was not sufficient consensus; there were serious objections taken by the State Governments with respect to the then proposed amendments. In 1984, deliberations took place again and a lot of material was received by the Government, the Central Boiler Board and the State Governments. The Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion again considered what was required to be done. But finally, in November, 1993, a Cabinet note incorporating some of the accepted suggestions was moved. This Bill, therefore, to amend the Act, was re-introduced in the Rajya Sabha in May, 1994. We are now in 2007, but finally, I think we will have a legislation. But I must tell this august House why the delay occurred.

Sir, Rajya Sabha, in its wisdom, referred the Bill to the Standing Committee because it was considered that certain provisions will have to be minutely scrutinized with a view to taking care of some of the objections to the proposed amendments that were still pouring in. Therefore, this august House, in its wisdom, decided to let the matter be reconsidered.

Sir, on 29th March, 1995, the Committee submitted its report and further modifications to the Indian Boilers (Amendment) Bill, 1994 were suggested which were then accepted by the Cabinet by way of a Cabinet note. The Bill was then introduced in its revised form in the Rajya Sabha in the Monsoon Session of 2000. The Bill was again deferred. In the meantime, we had more representations and these representations were again considered at the highest level with as much scrutiny as was possible. Finally, this piece of legislation which is for consideration before this House has been brought here in its present form, pursuant to the official amendments to the amending Bill that were proposed to the Secretary-General on 16th May, 2007. (Contd. by 2k/hk)


SHRI ASHWANI KUMAR (CONTD.): This has been the genesis of this Bill. For many years, various committees and various fora considered the provisions of this Bill threadbare. So, now what we have before this august House is the distilled wisdom of many years of debate, reflection and consideration.

Sir, before I point out very briefly the salient features of this amending Bill, I must tell for the benefit of this House why this Bill is so critically important. On the face of it, many people may not know about it, but no manufacturing facility in the country can actually perform its function without a boiler. It could be a boiler of X capacity or it could be a boiler of B capacity, but it has to be there. Originally, in 1923, Sir, when the principal Act was formulated, the concern primarily was safety from explosives in commercial establishments and in factory establishments. Thereafter, Sir, with the advancement of technology --now we have boilers which sub-serve 800 megawatts of power generation as well -- huge boilers having become possible, it was considered necessary to bring the law in line with the expectations of the users of the boiler component manufacturers and also the boiler manufacturers. Therefore, Sir, this is so critically important in the entire process of industrialisation in this country that we had to bring it up to the international standards. So, the principal objective that the amendments now seek to ensure in a more purposive manner is the safety norms, to ensure uniformity in the standard of inspection -- I will dwell on this subject a little later -- and for expediting the inspection and reducing delays in inspection and for providing an adequate procedural framework for redressal of grievances by way of appeals to the Central Government which has been introduced for the first time, and also to introduce purposive penalties for violations. For example, Sir, in the earlier Bill, the penalties were raised from Rs.100 to Rs.1000. We have increased penalties from Rs.1000 to Rs.1 lakh so that they have a purpose to serve.

Now coming to the most important change that the Bill seeks to introduce, it is with respect to the inspections. I take a few moments on this because there is going to be, I expect, questions about this because one of the principal stalling reasons for the early passage of this amendment Bill was that the State Governments who have the sole monopoly of inspection through their appointed Government inspectors was not fulfilling its purpose. Too many industries have come up and too many kinds of boilers are in the market, but very few inspectors. There was a State monopoly on inspections. The result was that there was no timely inspection and inevitable corruption in the process became rampant. So, the Government, after taking into consideration various suggestions and after discussing with all the stakeholders, came to the conclusion that they should now allow private parties to be able to inspect and then certify whether the inspections are fit for use, whether there has been any flaws in the design and manufacturing. Sir, there is another important change that has been introduced. Earlier the inspections were confined to the user. Now we have introduced inspections even with respect to the design of boilers and with respect to the phase of manufacturing because if the manufacturing process is flawed, the user will never have the desired result from the boiler. Sir, another very significant change that the Bill seeks to introduce is to plug the loopholes with reference to avoiding explosions. There is a concept of baby boiler. Baby boilers were small boilers which were of a particular capacity of 22.7 or something like that. What the users would do? By removing one drum, which was the component of that baby boiler, they would reduce the capacity and make an ordinary boiler into a baby boiler and say now this is beyond the purview of inspection.

(Contd. by 2L/KSK)


SHRI ASHWANI KUMAR (CONTD): So, we have now introduced a change and referred to a technology that a particular boiler, which will have this technology or this component or this function in place, will ipso facto be a boiler which will have to undergo inspection so that safety norms are ensured. So, Sir, these may be technical, but these are critically important amendments in the Boilers Act. We have also sought to introduce a few other relevant amendments and, Sir, these relate to the definition of what is a 'Competent Person' and of the 'Inspecting Authority' and of the 'Competent Authority'. Sir, these have become necessary because we have now introduced third party inspection so that the inspecting authority, as defined in the 1993 Act, need no longer be confined to the State-appointed Government inspectors and must encompass and include the third party inspections. So, the definition of 'boiler' as I explained...(Interruptions). Therefore, Sir, 'boiler' definition has also been amended in order to ensure that these are brought in line with the ISO Boiler Code, which is an international standards specification. The definition of 'accident' has also been suitably amended to include only those accidents that would cause damage to property, life, etc. Minor accidents, for example, a minor corrosion, will not now be considered as an accident unless it has the effect of threatening the property or life of the people concerned. This is just to make it more purposive and make it more practical and user friendly.

We have also made an important amendment with respect to the re-constitution of the Central Boilers Board. The Central Boilers Board, as originally constituted, had 'X' number of Members -- I think 15 Members -- representing the States, and Members representing the Central Government. There was, at one point of time, a suggestion that the total number of Members of the Board would be such which, it was considered, would dilute the role of the State Government. So, the State Governments said that each State must have one nominee. We have accepted that recommendation. The idea was not, in any way, to dilute either the authority of the State Government or the authority of the State-nominated Government inspectors, but to make it more broad-based and have more representatives of all the organisations so that a very comprehensive methodology in terms of regulation, in terms of inspection could be formulated. This was one of the principal areas of discord which, we believe, as per the recommendations of the Standing Committee, which have been accepted, has been solved.

Then, Sir, there was a provision about mandatory inspection every 12 months. Sir, in that respect, we have introduced flexibility. With the advance in the technology, it may not be necessary to have inspection every 12 months. I tell you the reason. For example, in the oil, gas and power sector, one day of stopping of a boiler for inspection can lead to hundreds and crores of loss of production. So, with the advance in the technology, it was considered necessary and as advised by the Technical Expert Committee that it may not always be necessary to mandatorily have an inspection every 12 months, and that it would suffice the aims and substantive provisions of the statute if we could introduce flexibility. So, now, Sir, we have amended that to introduce flexibility. If considered necessary, it could be earlier; if considered necessary, it could be within 24 months as well only to rationalise and bring it in line with international practices. So, Sir, these were some of the main provisions.

As I said, this also has a provision about penalties, which are only notional penalties. Rs.100 or Rs.1000 penalty was hardly a penalty in today's time. We have, therefore, increased those penalties to make them purposive and to ensure that the provisions of the Act were complied.

Now, Sir, these objectives have been sought to be achieved by introducing necessary amendments. I do believe, Sir, in all humility, this is a critical piece of amending legislation in accord with the spirit of the times, in accord with the felt necessities of time. India is galloping towards a very high-growth economy. We are expanding our economy. We are expanding our industrial base. Our productivity has gone up. Our industrial production has gone up. This is indeed a matter of pride that our manufacturing has recorded an increase of 12.3 per cent in the last quarter, highest ever recorded in independent India, and I do believe, Sir, that it is time we brought out legislation in tune with the needs of our times. These, Sir, are my introductory comments on the Bill. (continued by 2m - gsp)


SHRI ASHWANI KUMAR (CONTD.): Sir, I am sure that I would profit immensely from the debate that will ensue, and, I would later exercise my right to reply. Thank you.

The question was proposed.

SHRI SU. THIRUNAVUKKARASAR (MADHYA PRADESH): Mr. Vice-Chairman, Sir, I rise to oppose this Bill for the reasons which I am going to state in my speech. Firstly, Sir, the subject of boilers is in the Concurrent List. Sir, the Indian Boilers Act, 1923 is a Central Act, which is implemented by the States. As the hon. Minister has mentioned, for the first time, the Bill was introduced in 1994 in this House. There were so many shortcomings in the Bill. It was referred to the Parliamentary Standing Committee in 1994. The report of the Parliamentary Standing Committee was given to the Ministry in 1995. From 1995 to 2000, nothing happened. Again, in the year 2000, for the second time, it was introduced in the Rajya Sabha. Again, most of the political parties, most of the hon. Members opposed the Bill. Most of the State Governments also opposed the amendments. Sir, nearly twelve years have passed since the report of the Parliamentary Standing Committee was first given to the Ministry, and, after twelve years, you are bringing the Bill. Now, I want to ask the hon. Minister whether in these twelve years, they have consulted their own Ministry, that is, Ministry of Labour. This is the first question. Secondly, I would like to know whether you have consulted the Labour Ministers of the State Governments or whether any ministerial conference or State-level ministerial meeting has been organized. I have my own doubts and I have reasons to believe that no such meeting was held either with the States at the level of the Chief Minister or with their own Ministry of Labour. Why do you want to push it in a hurry now? Sir, my request to the hon. Minister is why don't you refer this...(Interruptions)..

SHRI V. NARAYANASAMY: Sir, this is something...(Interruptions)..

SHRI SU. THIRUNAVUKKARASAR: No, no..(Interruptions)...Again, you are bringing this Bill with so many shortcomings. Why don't you take another six months or one year? Nothing serious is going to happen; heaven is not going to fall. Sir, the Indian Boilers Act, 1923 is in existence nearly for the last eighty years, and, in the past eighty years, nothing has happened. Of course, we want some changes. Why don't you refer this again to the Parliamentary Standing Committee? It was referred to the Parliamentary Standing Committee in 1994. I don't know how many hon. Members of that Committee are representing in this House today. Why don't you refer this to the Parliamentary Standing Committee again, and, get the report from the hon. Members of the various political parties.

Why don't you have a State-level meeting of the Labour Ministers and get their consent also? Firstly, you are taking away the powers of the State Governments through these amendments. Secondly, you are putting the State Governments to a financial loss. They are going to lose revenue also. Who is going to be benefited? The only party who is going to be benefited is the multi-national companies or the private companies. (Contd. by sk-2n) AK