PREVIOUS

AKG/2G/3.00

֮־ָ ֻ ֻ (֟) : ֮ ָߤָ power, capacity ֜ ֋ ָ purchasing capacity ֜, ָ֯ ֜ פ ָ֯ ֜, -Ӭ ֜ꅠ ׻֋ ֯ ֮ ׾ָ ן ֮ ֛ ֮ ֯ ן ֮֮ , ו ָ ֮ purchasing capacity ֜

֯ ו ָ֯ ׾ָ ן ֟ ֯ Essential Commodities Act , ָ ֯ ֮ , , ֮֟ ָ Ϥ Essential Commodities Act ߴ֟ ָ օ ֯ ֮ , ָ ֯ ֯׸ ָ ™ָ֓ ֮֜ , ïꌙ ֕ ֮֜ , -ָ , ™ָ֓ ֮֜ , ֯ ֜ , ָ ֯ ׮־ ָ ָָ , ִ֕־֤ ֙ ־ֿ ß ׬׮ִֵ ֟ פ , ֯ ֮ ׬ָ , ־ֿ ß ׬׮ִֵ ߻ , ߻ , ߻ , ֻ -ָ , ־ ָ ֮֯ ־ֿ ß ׬׮ִֵ ִ , ß֮ 16 ָ֯ ִ֕־֤ ֙ 韾 ֛ ֤ ֛և ֛ ־ֿ ß ׬׮ִֵ

֮־ָ, ֮֟ ָ דָ֤ פ ָ Ϥ 10 ָ և ֜ ֛ , ֛ ־ ָ Ϥ ִܵӡ, ִֵ ֤ ָ Ϥ ֵ Ϥ ֲֻ, ָָ ֕֯ ָָ , ֲֻ ָ Ϥ 10 ָ և և -- ֜ , ֲ ָ Ϥ և ֤ ֜

ָ ֟ - پ օ پ 10 ָ ֜ 12.5 ָ פ ֵ پ ֵָ ֜ פ ֵ پ ָ ָ ߕ և ߕ ֻ ׻֋ ֤ߵ ׾֢ ӡ , ׮־ پ 2.5 ָ ֜և և , پ 5 ָ ֤ ָ , , , 50 ָ , ֤ پ ֮ ֜֟ ֮ ָ , ָ - ֮ ֲָָ ׻֋ پ ָ ֲ֮ ֮

֤ ָָ ָ ֮ ד֟ 滵 פ , ָ ׾ָ֓ ֮ ָֻ ևԙ ׮ֵ ß֮ ָߤָ ׻֋ ןֲ׮֟ ֮

և ֜ ֲ ֛ ָ , ו ָ ֤ , - ֵ֤ ָ֯ ֕ ֵ֤ ָ֯ ָ ֵ֤ ָ֯ 500 600 ߕ ָ֯ ֻ ָ֯ , ֕ ָ֯ , -Ѥ ָ֯ , ֻ ָ֯ , ןֻ ָ֯ , ָ֯ ֮־ָ ֳ֯ן , ָ - ֮ ֟ , ӛ և ֛ , և ֛ , ָ֯ ׻֋ 1.5 ѕ ֮ ֛ , ָ ֵ֤ ָ֯ ָ֯ ֻ וÙ֮ ֛ , וÙ֮ ֛ , ߋֆָ Ӳָ ֛ ָ֯ ׻֋ ָ ֻ 10 ָ ֌׸ ִ ָ֯ ִ כ׻־ָ , ָ֯ ׻֋ ֮ ֤ߵ ߵ ׾֢ ӡ ָ և ָ ָָ ֮ ִ , ֵ֤ ָ֯, ו֮ ּ ׻ֵ , ו ָ וֻ-וֻ -, ֋ ֮ ֯׸ ָ ֤ ֵ ߮ ׾֤ , ו ֻ , ֻ , ֮ ֋ ֮־ָ, ׻֋ ָ ָָ ֵ֤ ָ֯ ֟ , ָ ֟ ֺ ֮֮ߵ ׾֢ ӡ , ָ 10 ָ ֌׸ , ֜ 25 ָ ִ כ׻־ָ , כ׻־ָ ׮־ֵ ּ ָ֕ , ֵ֤ ָ֯ ָ ֻ ײ, כ׻־ָ ׮־ֵ ֋ ֌׸ 25 ָ ֜ ֋ ָ - ָ פ ֋, ִ֟ ֵ֤ ָ֯ ֬Ӭ , ֟ ֋ և ֜ ֋߅

ָ ָָ ִ, ֮, ֻ, ֕ ߕ ָ և , ֕ ֤ ֮ ֋ , ִ ֤ ־ֲ ? (2 ָ ֿ:)

SSS-HMS/2H/3.05

֮־ָ ֻ ֻ (֟) : ֣ ֕ ֤ ֮ ֋ , ִ ֤ ־ֲ ? ֕ ִ ־ 8 ֋ ֜ 12 ֋ ֵ , ֕ ִ 4-5 ֋ ֜ ֵ ֵ֛ ֙ ִ 1 ֋ , ָ ֮։ ֙ 30 ֋ ָ ֙ ֮ ״ֻ ֻ ִ ֋ , ִ ֤ ֮ ִ ֙ ָ ֙ ׸ ֻ, ֻ, ֤֕, ָ߲ ֮ ֙ 75 ןֿ֟ ֮ ָ ֮ ׮־ֻ ״ֻ, ִ ״ֻ, ֙ ֋, ֮ ֓ ֜ ֋, ֛ ָߤ ֋ ֻ

, ֕ ֮ ֮֮ ߕ ִ ֜ ֋ ߴ ִ ֋ ֜ 210 ֋ ֵ ߴ ָ֯ ָ ֮։ 2002 ߴ ִ ֋ , ֕ 210 ֋ ֵ ָ֕ ִ ֜ , ִ ֜ ֵ ִ ֜ ֵ ָָ ִ ֜ ֲ ָ כߕ ? ֕ ãן ִ ֤ , ֛ ֮ ֮ , ֤ ֮֯ - , ֛ ֮օ ָָ ִ ֤ , ִ ֮ , ִ ֤֕ , ִ ־֮, ֡, ֆ, ֯ ߻ , ֛ ֮ ֱ ׻֋ ָָ ֮ ָ ֮ ׬ָ ָָ ִ֣Ԯ , ׻֋ ָָ ׸ ֯ և ϵ ֯ ָ ֆ כ ו֋, כ֮ ו֋ և ϵ ו֋

׾ ָ ӡ ָ ׾֮֫ ׾֢ ӡ և ϵ ֺ - ֮֟ פ ָָ ִ ֮֯ ֮ ִֵ פ, ׻֋ ֯ - ֮־֤ (ִ֯)

SHRI P. G. NARAYANAN (TAMIL NADU): Mr. Deputy Chairman, Sir, the prices of essential commodities have been rising ever since this Government assumed office. Sir, diesel and petrol prices were revised afterwards at least six times since this UPA Government came into office. Sir, this move has had a cascading effect on prices of essential commodities. Sir, I have warned the Government nearly two months ago how common man's food, idli has become beyond the reach of the common man as urad dal price has gone up. Sir, our Finance Minister has made a big announcement in the last Budget amidst thumping of desks by Members that he is reducing the duty of idli mix powder. Thanks to the present policy of the Government. Now, the cost of making one idli has shot up to more than Rs. five as the price of urad dal has gone up to Rs. 60 a kilo from Rs. 30 two months back. But the Finance Minister is keeping mum. He is not acting in the interest of the common man. Sir, the prices of all varieties of pulses have gone up substantially during the last three months in spite of feeble attempts made by both Finance and Agricultural Ministries to control the situation. The prices of edible oils, especially, gingili oil has also gone up. Sir, I would also draw the attention of the House to the lack of sensitivity in the Government when the prices of pulses like urad dal and edible oils went up. (Contd. by NBR/2J)

-SSS/NBR-PSV/2J/3.10.

SHRI P.G. NARAYANAN (CONTD.): When the prices went up a few months ago, the Government acted immediately and organised import of wheat. The same sensitivity is not shown when the prices of Urad Dal or Gingili oil have gone up. It is because these food products are consumed by people living in the Southern India. In fact, when I raised the issue of rise in prices of Urad Dal in the House two months ago, the Government did not act. I am told that some outlets in Delhi were selling Dal at a subsidised rate. The Government should realise that Delhi alone is not India. For 90 per cent of the people living in four Southern States, Urad Dal is a very important food item. It is time that the Government should be sensitive to the rise in prices of food commodities used by people in various parts of the country.

Sir, petroleum prices have gone up. It has made travelling in auto rickshaws in cities like Chennai very costly. After the recent hike in petrol price, an auto rickshaw in Chennai and in other parts of Tamil Nadu charge, at least, Rs. 15 per km.

This Government introduced CNG in Delhi. So, auto rickshaw fares in Delhi did not go up substantially. What prevents this Government from introducing CNG in other metropolitan cities and towns in Southern India which contributes substantially and saves precious foreign exchange? I would, again, urge the Government to look beyond Delhi and introduce CNG in all metropolitan towns, besides Bangalore and Hyderabad.


(THE VICE-CHAIRMAN (SHRI DINESH TRIVEDI) IN THE CHAIR)

This Government is interested only in stepping up infrastructure in Delhi alone. I am told that some Rs. 10,000 crores is going to be invested in Delhi for toning up of infrastructure to conduct the Commonwealth Games. What prevents this Government from holding games in various cities of the country so that infrastructure in other parts of towns can also improve? I don't grudge investment in Delhi. But, it should not be at the cost of neglecting other cities. I wish to tell the Government that the recent Football World Cup in Germany was conducted in as many as six towns of Germany. If Germany could do so, why not India? So, it is time for the Government to move away from Delhi-centric policies and take steps to improve infrastructure in other cities also. I demand the Centre, especially the Petroleum Ministry, to implement the CNG in Chennai, Madurai and Coimbatore so that the cost of transportation comes down substantially, besides improving the environment in those cities.

Then, Sir, it is a mystery, when the prices of essential commodities are skyrocketing, the hon. Finance Minister claims that the inflation is coming down! I suspect that indices that calculate inflation are manipulated. I, therefore, demand that a Parliamentary Committee be set up to investigate how inflation rates are calculated and recommend steps to prevent a possible manipulation of inflations figures. Though our hon. Finance Minister claims inflation rate has come down, people don't believe him. So, I would urge the Government not to hike, at least, the prices of cooking gas and kerosene as this move would seriously affect the common man. Thank you. (Ends)

(FOLLOWED BY USY "2K")

2K/klg-usy/3.15

֮ ֻ ӛ (ײָ) : ֳ֬ , ֮֮ߵ ֤õ և ãן , ָ ֮ ֟ ֮֮ߵ ֤ ؓ֟ ֌ ֟ և ֛ ָ ֣-֣, ֣-֣ ꌿ֮ ؓ֟

, ֪֮ ו֮֟ ִϵ , ִ ֮֟ ֤ ϳ׾֟ , և ߕ ָ ּ֕ ֓ ԅ ּ֕ Ӥ ֤ ּ֕ ֮ ָ Ӥ 50 ָ ֵ ֻ ֵ ִ ֮֟ Ӥ ֮ ֤ ß , ו֮֟ ֪-ִϵ ֪-ִϵ ִֻ ָ ֮ ֕ þָ ִ և ֲ ֛ ָ ٟ֯ ӟ֮ ָ ִ ֨ӟ ו֮֟ , ֮ ٟ֯ ו֮֟ ֤ , ֯֟ ֲֻ ִ ֮ ٟ ׻֋ ֱ ߆և ָ , և ָ ֲ ֵ ִ ™ߵ ׮ֵ ּ֕ ™ߵ ׮ֵ ꌵ ߴ , ֤ ֮ , ֲ ָָ ֪֮ ִ ֵ, ֮ ֮ 滵 ״ֻ, ֟ , ָ ֪֮ ִ , և ֲ ֛ ָ

, ֓ ֛ ؛ , ֵ֤-ָָ , ָ ֲ ֛ ָ և ָ ָ ןֲӬ , ו֮֟ כߕ , ֻ , ןֻ , ײֵ , Ӥ , ֕ , ֪֮ ָ ִ֮ , ִ ֲָָ ֵ֤-ָָ ֤ ֜ ִ ֲָֻ֕ , ָָ ָ ןֲӬ ֮

, ֟-ֆ ָ ֲ ؓן֟ ֤ ֲָָ ָ ֓ ֤ ָ ֮ ؓ֟ ֌ ׸ և , וִ ֵ ָؕ ־ָ ֙ ִֻ ׾ֿ ß֮ ã֮ ׸, ߮ ֮֯ ֤ ֟ ֿ׌ ֮֟ , þֵ , ؜ ߙ , ָ߲ ֲ , ו֮ ֤֕ ֤ , ֵ ןפ ֟ , ãן ֮ ָ ָ ֮ ָ ֛ ֓ ָ ָ ֮ ֣ ֓ 60/-֋ ןפ ֤֕ ֵ 60/-֋ ןפ ֋ ָ 60/-֋ ã֮ ָ 100/-֋ ֮ , ָ߲ ֻ ִ, ֲ ִ ֿ ֜ ֵ 1960 ֻ ֯֟ ן ׌ ו֮֟ , 1980 և 1980 ֻ ֯֟ ן ׌ ו֮֟ , 1990 ևԅ 2/ ָ ...

AKA-VP/2L/3:20

֮ ֻ ӛ (֟) : ֕ ֻ ֯֟ ֲ ֤ և , ֻ, ו ָ ֟ ִ ߮ ֲ ֤ , ֻ ָߤ ָ߲ ߕ և ׻֋ ؓ֟ ֟ ֪ ָ ֲ ֛ ֕ ֵ ִ ָ 720 ָ ֤ , ֲ 750 30 , ֵ֟ , ֤ և , ָ ֵ FCI ֲֻ ™ߵ ׮ֵ ָ ֯׸ ֤ ָߤ ָ FCI ™ߵ ׮ֵ ׾׬ ֤֮ օ FCI ֻ ָ ָ ֪֮ ֕ ֆ ֮ ֲ ֪֮ ֕ ָ ֟ FCI ֻ ־֢ ָ Ͽ ֟ , ֟ߕ֮ ֮ ֟ , ֲ ™ߵ ׮ֵ ָ ָ֯ , ֕ ָ ֟ 滵 ֤ ״ֻ֟, ־֢, ֕ ׻֙ פ ָ Ͽ ֟ ֮ ֕ ָ ֪֮ ָߤ ׻֋ FCI ָߤ Ͼע , ֛ , ָ - ֮ ָ֮ , ֛ ׸֟Ԯ ϵ ֮ ֤ ֤ ֮ Ӿ , ֮ ㌟ FCI ֪֮ ָ

ָ ָ , ָ ֤ ֻ ֋, ֮, ָߵ ֮֟ ֙ ֓ , ׿ֵֻ כߕ , וִ ָ, 2002 ӿ֮ օ ֲ ׸֟Ԯ ܵ סֵ , ָ֮ ܵ סֵ ִ , ָߵ ֮֟ ֙ ִ֕־֤ ֙ ֮ ֟ ִ Ӿ ֵ ֮֕ן ֵ ׿ֵֻ כߕ ִ , ֟ ֟־ָ ִ ָ ֮ ִ֮֟ ֻ ״ֻ, ׻֋ ׿ֵֻ כߕ ָߴ և , ֵ ֲ ֛ ָ֠ ׻֋ ׿ֵֻ כߕ ָߴ և , ӿ֮ ֵ , ֕֋ þֺ , ֻ ָ ָָ ׾ָ֓ ֻ ׾ָ֓ , ׻ ֲ֕ ,

֟ և CPIIWD , ֳꌟ 滵 , և ָ ï™ ָ֮ ״ֻ֟ ָָ ִ ñן , 5 ןֿ֟ ֤ , ׯ֔ 7 ߮ ñן , և ֤ 滵 , CPIIWD , ִ , և , ׻֋ ֛ 1978 , ָ֮ , ׸ ֮ , ִ ִ ֋ և , ֕ ֵօ ׻֋ ָ CPIIWD , ã֮ ָ ִ ״ן ֮, ֟ ִ ֋, , ִ֯ פ ֋ ָ֬ ֮ ֋

֟ ֣, ֟ ֮ ֟ ִ֯ ָָ և ׻֋ ָև ָָ ؓן֟ , ָָ ϵֿ֟߻ և ֤ ֟ , ִ ָ ֮֕ן , ֮֕ן ֮ ߅ ָָ ӿ ֌ ֕ߵ צ ֮ ևӛ ֮ ׻֋ ָ ָָ ָ߲ ׌ֵ ָ ָ ׻֋ ֤ ֵ֟ ׌ ꅠ ('2M/SCH' ָ ָ)

PK/SCH/2M/3.25

֮ ֻ ӛ (֟): ָ, ָָ ־ֻ ׻֋ ֟ ־ԕ׮ ׾ָ֟ ֻ ԟ ߵ ׮Դ 滵 ã׸ ָָ ٟ֯ ֨ ׻֋ ֵ֟ , ָָ ӓ־ ־ֿ ß 滵 ׮ֵ״֟ ־ ꅠ ־֕ և , և ֜ ׻֋ ָָ ֵԾ ִ , ֲּ֕ , ֻ ָ֕ , ֱֻ ֵԾ ֮ , ֟ ֣ ֮֯ ֟ ִ֯ (ִ֯)

ִ֤ Ͼֻ (֕ã֮): ֳ֬ , ׾ֵ ָ ֓ , I would like to just remind the hon. Finance Minister that I met him about one month ago, and I told him that the price rise is because of forward trading. He was quite reasonable to say that it is not concerned to my Ministry; it would be better if you approach the Ministry of Agriculture. ָ, ֕ ӡ ֮ ֓ ֻ ֛ ؛ ָ ׮ ָ ߴָ ֕ ֛ ؛ Ӥ ׾ֵ ָ ָ ։, ֟ ָ ֮֮ߵ ֤ 鮤 , ӲӬ օ ֲ ֟ ֟ ֟ ֲ ֟ ֟ , ֻ ָ ָ ֟ ֻ ָ ָ ֟ , ֢ ָ ֻ ָ ָ ׸, פ ֲ ֋օ ֯ ָ ָ ֻ ֟ , ָ ִ ֟ ? ֮ ֯ ײ֛ ָ Ϭ֮ ӡ ׮Ù , ֮֯ օ ֯ ֕ ֮ , ֮ ׻֋ ֵ ֯ ָ-ָ ֢ ׻֋ ֯ ׮֮֯ ֯ ָ߲ ...(־֮֬)

SHRIMATI BRINDA KARAT: Sir...(Interruptions)...

SHRI MATILAL SARKAR: Objection, Sir....(Interruptions)..

THE VICE-CHAIRMAN (SHRI DINESH TRIVEDI): I will handle it...(Interruptions).. Let me handle it.

ߴ֟ߠ Ӥ ָ: ָ, , ֮ ֺ ֯ ֯ ָ ß ֮ ֺ ...(־֮֬)

ִ֤ Ͼֻ: ָ, ִ ָ֕ ֺ

THE VICE-CHAIRMAN: Agarwalji, kindly stick to the subject.

SHRI MATILAL SARKAR: He has nothing to say on the subject; that is why he is.......(Interruptions)...

ֳ֬: ֯ ִֵ ֯ ׬ ִֵ օ ֮ ֯ ֮ ֲꌙ ָ ׻֋, kindly speak on the subject.

ִ֤ Ͼֻ: ָ, ֙ ָ ִֻ ָ ֌ ...(־֮֬) ֟ ־ֲ ׻֋ þֵ ֟ , ֣ օ ֮ , , ׻֋ ֟ ־ֲ ֛ ֯ ֮ ֮ , ׻ ֮ ֯ ֮ ָ߲ ֮ ֮ ׻֋ ։ ߅

, ִ ֟ ֟ ֣ -ָ ֟ ֛ߋ ִֵ ֣ ֮ ֳ ״֡ ֮֟ ָ ֮ ָ ֯ ֣ ֣ ֟ 1998 2004 ֢ ... 2n/MCM ָ ֿ:

MCM-PB/2N/3-30

ִ֤ Ͼֻ (֟) : ִֵ ӱ֮ ֤ , 47 ָә ָ ָ ֵ օ ָ և ָ և ֜ ߅ ֯ ֮֮ ָ ׾֢ ӡ 꿓֮ ܵ 547 23 և ־ֲ פ օ ִ ֮֯ þָ ִֵ և ӛ ִ ר ָ , ֯ ִ֮ ֻ ӛ ױ, ֮֯ פ , ׸ߙ ׻֋ ֯ ֮ , ֳ ֻ, ֯ ֮ Ӥ , ֳ օ ֮ , ֮ ֟ ߙ , פ ִ ֤ և Ӥ ׸׻֙ և ֻ ָ ָև ײ֟ ߅ ß־ ָ߲ ֤ ֲ ״ֻ ֋օ ֟ ׻֋ և և , ֕ כ , ֟ ׯ֔ ߮ ߮ ָ֟, ׯ֔ ֮ ֤ כ , ֤ , ֲ ٙ þֵ 000 ָ ָ Ϭ֮ ӡ , ׾֢ ӡ ֲ ؓ֟ ֌ և և , þָ þן ϴ ֮֯ ӛ ױ פ ָ ֙ 8 ָ ָ֜ ߙ 9.9 ָ ָ֜ ױ, ִ 27 ָ ָ֜ ִ 42 ָ ָ֜ 56 ָ ָ֜ .......(ә)......

ֳ֬ , ә ֮֕ ִ ֻօ......(־֮֬)

ֳ֬ ( פ ס־) : ֯ ֙ ִֵ ִ֯ ֵ ֣ ֱ ï ָ֓ ֯ ֙ ִֵ 30 ״֮֙ օ 35 ״֮֙ օ

ִ֤ Ͼֻ : ֳ֬ , ׾ֵ ָ ֟ , ֻ ֣ ֮֟ þֵ ׾֢ ӡ , þֵ Ϭ֮ ӡ , ֲ þָ և և , , 23 և ֟ ֕ ߮ ֋ ߮ Ӥ ָָ , ָ ߕ þָ ־֕ ָ ָ ߴ֟ ֜ , ִ ֤ ߱ ֜ , ִ ֤ ָ֮ , ֻ , ױ ֋, ֋ ֋, ו ָ ָ֕ ִ , ߕ ִ ? ֯ ָ ֤ ֟֋ ֲ ß־ ֋ , ָ߲ ֣ ֻ ָָ ָ ִ ָ֋ ֻ ִ ֤ ӟ™ ꅠ ָ ֤ ִ ֤ ֲ ֙ ֤ , ָ֕ ֟ ֢ֆ ֛ ֯ ֢ֆ ֛ , ָ ֢ ֛ , ֢ ָ֮ , ֤, ִ ֤ ָ֮ ָ ß־ ֯ ױ ֯ ϵ ֛, פ֮ ֛ ָֻ֟ ָ ֯ ß־ և ָ֮ ׻֋ ָ

ֳ֬ , ָ ײ֮ , ֻ ִֵ ֟ ֯ ꅠ ֟ , ֵ֤ ֯ әÙ ֟ ֮֮ ָ ָָ ִ֮ ִֵ ָ ֟ և և ֜ ֮ ֜ , ֻ ָ ӡ , ֜ , ׿ֿ , ָ ָ ִ ֯ ִ ֤ ״ֻ, ִ ֤ ֻ ֙ , ֻ , ֕ , ֻ , ֮ ߮ ׻֋ ָ Ӿ ֣ ִ ֻ֟ ߕֻ ß ߕ ־ ֯ ׮ֵ ָ Ù߻ ִ ֜ ֋, ߴ ִ ֜ ֋, ָ 60 , 70 - (2O ָ ֿ:)

GS-SKC/2O/3.35

ִ֤ Ͼֻ (֟) : ֯ ֮ , ֯ ָ ֻ և ӓ ָ , ָ ָ , ִ ֤ ֲֻ֟ ֯ ֮ , ֻ ױ ָ ָ ֻ ִ , ָָ , ִ ֤ ֲֻ֟ ֙ ִ ֮ ֜, ֻ ִ ֮ ֜, ֮ ֵ, ־ֻ ֮ ֵ ָ ָָ ׾֙ , Ӿֿ߻֟ , ߕ ָ ־ֿ ߴ֟ ֟ , ߴ֟ ֲ ֜֟ , ֜֟ , ֯ ָ ָָ ֵ, ֲ ֯ ֮֜ օ ָָ ֜ , ֮֜ ֛ , ׮ֵ ֻ , ߕֻ ִ ִ ֜ ֵ, ֻ ִ ֜ ֵ ߕ ִ ֜ ֵ? ׻֋ ֯ײֻ ? ָ֛ ؛ ֡ ֯ײֻ ?

Yes, we have introduced this law. ֮ ִֵ ֟ ؓ֟ , ָ ִֵ ָ 64.7 ״׻ֵ֮ buffer stock , ֮ 20 ֕ ָ ׻֋ ә , ֮ 22 ֕ פ , ֲ ֈ ֛ , ֲ ֛ ֵ , ֮ פ , ָ ֠ sufficient stocks , ׻֋ ֮ ؛ , ָ և ָ ؛ ִֵ ֮ ִ ֜ פ ׾֢ ӡ , ָ ֯ ֟ ָָ ָָ ִ֣ , ֯ ו פ ֢ ֋, פ ֯ ֮ ׸֟Ԯ ֯ ָ Ԡ restriction , regulation ֯ , ֯ և ֻ ֤ , ֲֻ֟ ? 'ֲ דכ և ' ֤ ֟ ֲֻ֟ ? ָ ֯ ִֵ ֲ և ֜ ֲ ֜ ױ ֯ NDA ָ ָ , ֯ ָ ָ ָ ו֋ ִ ֙ ֋? ֯ ָ ו֋ ׻ִֵ ״׮Ù ָ, ִ ֙ ֋? ָ ִ֮ ־ֻ ָ ֯ ִ ֤ ߠ ֟ ֮ , ֤ ߻ ִ ֤ ׻֋ ֤ ׾֢ ӡ, Ϭ֮ ӡ ֳ ָ ֤ - ߕ ִ ױ- ָ ָ ֟ , ָ֯ , ֛ ָ֯ , ֻֻ֮߮ corporate sector ׌ , Ӥ פ ֋, ֲ ֟ ߅ ֻ ָ- ϟָ ָ֕ ־ ָ֕ ־ ֮֙ , ӳ־ , ӳ־ ֟ ׻֋ ֮ ׻֋, ׾֢ ӡ ֯ ֻ ֮ ceremonial ֟ ו֋, ֯ ֣ ֻ ֟ և,֯ ִ ֮֟ ־ֿ ß ߴ֟ ָ֮ ׻֋ ֮ ֻ , ָ֮ ֤ ו֋ ֻ ceremonial ִ ֙, (ִ֯)

SHRI ARJUN KUMAR SENGUPTA (WEST BENGAL): This is a very serious situation that we are facing, and I appeal to everybody here that the problem is not a political problem, or a partly political problem. Nothing is political. But we have to consider the full implications of the policy decision that you are going to take and whether it is possible to meet the requirements of this situation. Why is this a very difficult position now? This is because this country is now growing at a very rapid rate. It is growing at eight per cent. It has very little inflation by the way; if you talk about the rate of inflation in terms of general commodity prices, it is really low. There are other fiscal issues where the Government is doing extremely well. But, in spite of that, there is no doubt that there is a substantially rising price situation of the essential commodities. In fact, the primary products, which are covered by them are wheat, pulses, potatoes, spices, tea and coffee. (Contd. by 2p/hk)

HK/2p/3.40

SHRI ARJUN KUMAR SENGUPTA (CONTD.): The rate of increase of prices has been almost more than double in the last few months. Now, it is impossible for a Government, which has come on the promise that they would look after the Aam Janata, to accept the situation. I must say that all of us, I am quite sure even Members of the Opposition Party, must have been very impressed by the fact that the Congress Working Committee met and told its own Government, 'be careful, look after the problems of Aam Janata; you must do something to reduce the price rise of the essential commodities.' I think this is the major signal that has been given and having secured that it is necessary for the Government to think what are the ways that this price increase can be controlled. I must admit that I was listening to my friend, Brinda Karatji, with great attention and I have very great sympathies for her except I have a lingering doubt about the farmers' solutions that they are providing. I am not talking about Shri Venkaiah Naidu's speech which I can talk about at length, if necessary, but I do not have so much time. But the suggestions that came from Brinda Karatji are a bit unworkable in the present situation, because the problem here is that whatever policies that we take must not create a situation that the farmers' incentives are jeopardised. We have tried long back these notions of trying to have physical control, essential commodities, banning forward trading, etc. They do not work for the very simple reason that when the market system has been unleashed your trying to impose this kind of artificial restrictions does not help. In fact, I must admit that when Sharad Yadavji -- he has left -- said that his bureaucrats told him that forward trading would benefit the farmers, he fell victim to that. Now he regrets. But he should not. It is a fact that forward trading does help the farmers. But the issue is ..(Interruptions)..

SHRIMATI BRINDA KARAT: This is a policy matter. I want to say something. ..(Interruptions)..

THE VICE-CHAIRMAN (SHRI DINESH TRIVEDI): Are you yielding?

SHRI ARJUN KUMAR SENGUPTA: Yes.

SHRIMATI BRINDA KARAT: Dr. Sengupta has ascertained that farmers have benefited due to future trading. He is such an eminent economist that we would be very happy to learn, in the evidence, where he can show in which State which farmers have been benefited and how much they have been benefited.

SHRI ARJUN KUMAR SENGUPTA: I could get into that question but the problem here is ..... Let me put it to you very clearly that there are poor farmers, marginal farmers, large farmers and farmers of different size. In fact, since she mentioned this, it so happens in our country, the people, the farmers who have surplus to trade are usually larger farmers. Small farmers do trade a small amount, but larger farmers do trade and they benefit from this and forward trading has a tendency to equalise the prices of today with tomorrow and, in general, this has a tremendous incentive for the farmers who are expecting a certain kind of price before they start sowing. This is the whole approach to this whole question of forward trading. But let us not get into that. I do not want to bring these issues now because that can be having a separate discussion. My only problem is that we should try to look for solutions which are price-based, market-based and the solutions exist. I am not saying that you should not try other kinds of solutions when all the price-based solutions do not work. But this Government has not tried all the price-based solutions. What I am trying to put forward to you, Mr. Vice-Chairman, is that let us take the simple case of PDS and import. But even before that, I am coming to this question of Essential Commodities Act. Now, of the Essential Commodities Act, if the result of that is that farmer can trade anywhere in the country, it definitely improves the farmers' incentives. (Contd. by KSK/2q)

KSK/3.45/2Q

SHRI ARJUN KUMAR SENGUPTA (CONTD): If a farmer producing in Punjab can sell the products in Kerala, has the ability to do that, or can sell it through the traders, it definitely helps him. It has an implication in terms of stocks and in normal operations, the farmer should be allowed to keep stocks. But, I would say that Essential Commodities Act might include a provision that in particular situations, you can do something about stocks; that you should not allow more than a particular quantity of stock. I am not saying that the Essential Commodities Act should not be altered, should not be amended. In fact, this particular point, that has been raised by the BJP Members, should be taken into account carefully. This Government can definitely bring in an amendment to the Essential Commodities Act. But, that, I would say, should be confined mostly to the control of stocks rather than control of the markets. The markets should be allowed to function as before. Now, what are the price-based solutions, and this is where I fully agree with Mrs. Brinda Karat. The price-based solution is Public Distribution System. We have to put in the market as much additional supply of wheat as possible. It is not a fact that the production of wheat fell. In fact, last year, the production of wheat was more than that of the previous year. But, the fact of the matter is that the buffer stocks were very low. So, the traders expected that the price would go up and therefore, they started hoarding the stocks. In that situation, the policy of the Government should have been two-fold. First, go for imports from the very beginning. In fact -- Sharad Pawarji is not here -- the first lot of imports of foodgrains we got it at a very good price, but the Government purchased only a very small quantity. We did not proceed through that import policy. When the domestic traders were expecting that the prices would go up, it is very difficult to believe that the Government did not realise that the prices were going to go up. And, the actual policy, especially when our Finance Minister has so much foreign exchange stocks, is to go for a whole-scale import of foodgrains in this country. Declare that we shall go for foodgrain imports. That itself should have been a signal to the hoarders that look, if you hoard too long, you will not be able to sell in the market; market will be flooded by the imported wheat. This first policy is import. The second policy, and Mr. Vice-Chairman, through you, I would like to remind the Finance Minister that we had earlier a policy of procurement price and market price. I think, this point was made by distinguished speaker earlier that the Food Corporation of India can be used as a major instrument. It is supposed to procure at a price which is just cost-plus. In other words, if the prices fall below that, the price support should be provided so that the farmers don't lose. The Government has played that role for many years, although the actual price that they have offered may not be adequate. I don't want to get into that debate. Although there are arguments that it is more than adequate, but there is a procurement price which can be considered to be all-India procurement price which you should follow. But, on top of this, FCI should be allowed to purchase from the market in order to replenish the buffer stocks. If this Government had sufficient buffer stock today, prices would not have increased. Why? (a) All the traders would understand that if they hoard for too long, they would not be able to make money; (b) We should be able to strengthen the Public Distribution System. Pathetically, for this Government, Public Distribution System instead of being expanded is being cut. Mrs. Brinda Karatji is absolutely right that the allocations to the Public Distribution System have been drastically cut. And, today, a single announcement either by the Finance Minister -- I hope the Finance Minister is listening to me -- or by the Agriculture Minister that we are now keeping the Public Distribution System completely open; we shall allow every State to use the Public Distribution System to flood the domestic market, that simple announcement will have a tremendous counter-effective measure, much more than all these physical restrictions on commodity exchange or Essential Commodities Act. (continued by 2r)

GSP-ASC/2R/3.50

SHRI ARJUN KUMAR SENGUPTA (CONTD.): Essential Commodities Act should be used only in exceptional circumstances, when stocking is something that we have to cover, but otherwise we should allow this market solution to take place, and, I would request the Finance Minister to consider seriously today itself to make a declaration that we shall expand the PDS system throughout the country to the full extent possible.

Sir, I conclude with mentioning one point about petroleum prices. This point was just raised. Our country has a problem with petroleum prices because we import a lot of it, and, we depend on the imports, and, if the world prices go up, the prices of our imported petroleum must also go up. But it so happens, and, this is the point that I should bring to your notice that the fuel, power, light and lubricant prices have increased much less than last year, compared to the years of the BJP Government.

This Government has been able to control the prices of petroleum products. I would not have probably liked it. In fact, I think that petroleum is one of the products where prices should have been allowed to go up to reflect the market situation. People can afford to pay fuel prices for cars, for automobiles, for trucks and all these things. We should protect only very small fraction of consumers, like Mrs. Brinda Karat mentioned, of LPG or kerosene. Otherwise, the petroleum prices should follow the market prices; only then people would adjust. But we have not done that. We have controlled the petroleum prices, for whatever reasons, or the assumption that all petroleum prices are going to create problems for the aam-janta -- I am afraid, they don't. Only increase in kerosene, LPG create problems for aam-janta...(Interruptions). Diesel prices. Yes. This is a very good point that has been raised. What is happening is that when the price of diesel increases, the effect of that on essential commodities comes from transport costs. I would like to draw the attention of Mr. Venkaiah Naidu on this particular point. The price of a product reflects only a small fraction of transport costs; the transport cost is an element of the final price of less than .4 per cent, one per cent, or, maximum of one and a half percent. (Interruptions)

ֵ֮ ֻ ָ : ֯ ׻֋ Ù߻ ־ ֜ , ߴ ־ ֜ ,.....(־֮֬)..

ֳ֬ ( פ ס־) : ֯ ָ ֮ ו֋ (־֮֬)

SHRI ARJUN KUMAR SENGUPTA: I am afraid, steel prices have no effect on wheat. And, if you are talking about the prices in general...(Interruptions)...

THE VICE-CHAIRMAN (SHRI DINESH TRIVEDI) : Dr. Sen Gupta, time allotted to you is already over. You have taken more than nine minutes. Because you are an eminent economist, I did not want to stop you. Kindly conclude.

SHRI ARJUN KUMAR SENGUPTA: Sir, I am responding to the point of diesel prices. The issue here is that the truck drivers, the transport workers raise their prices much more than what is warranted by the rise in prices of diesel.

(MR. DEPUTY CHAIRMAN in the Chair.)

They increase the prices five times, six times, and, that is why the final commodity prices increase. Now, what is the policy that should be followed? Again, on the policy the Finance Minister has a role to play. He must find a method by which this kind of increase in costs, which are not due to the actual increase in costs, must be accepted as a part of profit. There should be a fiscal method by which this extra element of cost should be taxed.

I am just giving you an example of a situation where the price situation can be controlled within the parameters of the fiscal reform system that the Finance Minister has introduced. I am not talking about any physical methods. I am not talking about any derigiste method. The present reform policy of market-based reforms can be applied to control the prices provided the Finance Minister is fully committed -- and, I am sure he is -- that come what may, I shall protect the aam-janta from the rising prices. Thank you very much. (Ends)

(Followed by 2S/sk)

SK/3.55/2S

SHRI C. RAMACHANDRAIAH (ANDHRA PRADESH): Sir, in every Session, this has become a ritual for us to debate on price rise and terrorism. So, today we are discussing price rise. In spite of the best debates that are taking place where we are allowed to demonstrate our oratorical skills, the Government is not at all initiating any measures over a period of time. Eminent persons are there in the Government. I respect our Finance Minister, the way he handles the things. But, when the common man's problems come, I request him to bestow more attention because you are more accountable to the major sections of the people than the interests of the few privileged and those who have. All are eminent persons. The Prime Minister is an eminent man. The Deputy Chairman of the Planning Commission is an eminent man. The Finance Minister is an eminent man. But, price rise has become imminent. Why? What are the reasons? We are not going to achieve anything by bashing the NDA or the UPA. Let us come to the exact reasons why this inflation has gone up. The rate of inflation, which is being quoted in the paper, which is being told by the Government, I don't think that is relevant. That is not relevant when we see the living conditions of the common man, their standard of living and their incomes. A couple of days back I heard the Finance Minister saying 4.86 or something inflation is tolerable. Sir, it may be tolerable to you; it may be tolerable to me and to the rest of the Members of this august House. But, it is not at all tolerable to the common man, a major chunk of the population. We have to take into consideration the interests of those people. I can emphatically say that the food economy of this country has been totally mismanaged. Were you not aware that there are going to be shortages? Were you not aware what would be the actual production in the agriculture sector? And, were you not aware what would be the actual consumption of this country? Why have you not initiated the precautionary measures? What exactly are the reasons? I am rather constraint to come to the conclusion that the food economy of this country has been totally mismanaged. It has got adverse effects on the people who have been suffering due to this high rate of inflation. At the same time, we have to compromise with the economic sovereignty of the country also. We will lose the self-sufficiency which we have been able to achieve by the Green Revolution. For the first time the food security is being constrained. You know what should be the buffer stock. You know what should be the food production. With all the satellite-based technology, you can easily assess what will the actual production of the country in advance, what is the requirement and whether to import or to export. In spite of that, why should there be any shortages? So, you should analyse what the reasons for inflation are. Is it cost driven? If it is cost driven, what are the reasons? Is it because of high rate of interest or high cost of raw materials or high cost of farming? So, these are all the reasons which you can easily analyse. Or, is it because of the shortages that are existing in this country? If there are such shortages, are they man-made or are they natural? How to overcome these shortages? So, really we have to go into the problem indeed. Then, we have to make an attempt. We can't blame the external factors and say because crude prices have gone up, we are constrained to increase the prices. We can no longer give this reason. It is there. It is a universal phenomenon. People expect from you a better economic management. Just because the petroleum prices have been increased, I will also increase the prices. (Contd. by YSR-2t)

 

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