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TDB-HMS/3N/5.00

SHRI RAHUL BAJAJ (CONTD.): The pressure from below will increase, as economic and social development make our people more self-assured and more articulate. The reopening of the Jessica Lall and Mattoo cases, under intense public pressure, bodes well for our democracy. Democracy is not just elections. Democracy is active participation by every citizen in the affairs of the state, and the state exists essentially to provide public goods and services to its citizens.

In this connection, in passing, Mr. Chairman, Sir, -- I have no time to go into details -- I would like to add, ensure that we can take hard decisions. The Lok Sabha and all the State Assemblies should go to elections simultaneously; co-terminuously, and only once in five years, to ensure that a vote of no-confidence in the Leader of the House, the Chief Minister or the Prime Minister should be like Germany, which is a democratic country, accompanied by a vote-of-confidence and an alternate party and person.

So, Sir, quality of leadership is crucial in determining outcomes. Leadership is not just a matter of charisma or showmanship or public relations.

MR. CHAIRMAN: The time is over.

SHRI RAHUL BAJAJ: But it is of understanding today, it is of envisioning a better tomorrow and having the confidence in oneself and of one's team to make our future happen. Leaders are those that deliver better outcomes. Occupying a chair does not make us a leader.

Sir, Gandhiji occupied no chair but led the country from subjugation to freedom, striding like a colossus in our hearts and minds. We will do well, may I say so, Sir, in all humility, to remember Gandhiji's teachings of the seven social sins - wealth without work, pleasure without a conscience, education without character, commerce without morality, science without humanity, worship without sacrifice and politics without principles.

MR. CHAIRMAN: This is very good, but the time is over.

SHRI RAHUL BAJAJ: In my view, precisely, because we have ignored these teachings that we have under-achieved. ...(Interruptions)...

MR. CHAIRMAN: ֯ maiden speech ֲ և פ 18-20 ״֮֙ ֋

SHRI RAHUL BAJAJ: Sir, just give me two-three minutes more. In this august House, I will endeavour in all humility to play the role that the Constitution envisaged each Member to play. That is, on behalf of the people of India, hold the Government accountable. No more, no less. We have enough good laws. What we lack is speed and justice in their implementation. I would like to consider myself as representing a large political spectrum. Three of the major parties in Maharashtra supported me as an independent; and my family is steeped in the Gandhian culture, and this gives me a lot of pride. So, I will try to be even handed as an independent, with right and wrong for the country being the sole yardstick for holding an opinion, though I will be mistaken very often.

In conclusion, Sir, coming into this august House, I am conscious of my responsibilities to the nation. Panditji's "Tryst with Destiny" reverberates inside my mind. I have come here to try to help in all humility redeem the pledge that was taken by our founding fathers. So, may God give me the strength to make a difference! I get a strong feeling, Sir, that I can bank on the support of both sides of this august House. Thank you, Sir.

(Ends)

MR. CHAIRMAN: Thank you very much for your maiden speech. ֮֮ߵ ֤õ, Half-an-Hour discussion , ߓ ׻ֵ ֋ debate continue ֋?

׾ֵ֕ 0 : ָ, continue ׸

: ָ, continue ׸

SHRI RAMDAS AGARWAL: Sir, on an earlier occasion, it was decided in the House that the Half-an-Hour Discussion will be taken up at 5'o clock, and after that, the debate will be continued.

֤ߵ ֵ ӡֵֻ ֕ ӡ ( ֓) : ֮֮ߵ ֳ֯ן ֕ ׸և ׻Ù ײ֮֕ 5 ֕ ִֵ֠ Half-an-Hour discussion ׻֋ ׮֬׸ ָ ֤ ֟ 5 ֕ ֤ ֮֮ߵ֠ ֤ߵ ֵ ӡ Ù ױ כ֮ continue ? Ù

׾ ִ : ָ, ׾ֵ continuity ֟

SHRI V. NARAYANASAMY: Sir, the discussion on the Special Economic Zones is also very important.

ֳ֯ן : ֯ ֵ , ?

SHRI V. NARAYANASAMY: important It will be over within half-an-hour. (Followed by kgg/3o)

KGG-PSV/3O/5.05

 

STATEMENT RE: FACTUAL POSITION ON CARRYING OF ARAB TV CHANNELS

 

THE MINISTER OF INFORMATION AND BROADCASTING (SHRI PRIYARANJAN DASMUNSI): In order to strengthen the mechanism of regulation over the content of television channels, which are being transmitted/ re-transmitted through cable networks / DTH in India, for public viewing, the Government has notified Downlinking Guidelines on 11th November, 2005.

All private TV channels, which are beamed into India, and are being transmitted/ re-transmitted through cable networks / DTH in India, for public viewing, have to get themselves registered under the said Guidelines. To facilitate smooth implementation, six months time (upto 10th May, 2006) was provided to all TV channels to comply with the provisions of the Downlinking Guidelines and get themselves registered.

Further, vide notification dated 11th May, 2006, the Government allowed the channels which were uplinked from abroad and had made an application for registration to the Central Government upto 11th May, 2006, for a period of six months, i.e., upto November, 2006 or till such registration has been granted or refused.

The private TV channels, which were uplinking from India, in accordance with the permission for uplinking granted before 2nd December, 2005, were treated as "registered" television channels under the Downlinking Guidelines.

It has been brought to the notice of Ministry that some small section of media has reported that India has "banned" Arab TV channels under pressure from Israel. The Government of India denies this vehemently as it is contrary to facts. No channel in particular has been "banned" recently by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. This is a malicious and baseless accusation against the Government by interested quarters.

UPA Government reiterates that the Arab TV channels like AI-Jazeera, AI-Arabia, Q TV have not yet applied to be downlinked in India till date. Hence they cannot be transmitted / re-transmitted through cable networks / DTH in India, for public viewing. However, they are still free to apply afresh for registration under the Downlinking Guidelines, if they so desire and they will have similar opportunities like others.

The Policy Guidelines for Downlinking issued on 11th November, 2005, a list of 65 Channels uplinked from abroad, who had applied upto 10th May, 2006 and permitted to continue beaming vide notification issued on 11th May, 2006 and other related documents are available on Ministry's website: www.mib.nic.in.

A press release clarifying the above status has been issued on 7.8.2006 by the Ministry on which reports have been carried by newspapers, both within and outside the country. Ministry of External Affairs has also sent a detailed Fax message dated 7.8.2006 to all missions in the Gulf and WANA regions to rebut the malicious and false information carried by the paper.

(Ends)

HALF-AN-HOUR DISCUSSION

ON POINTS ARISING OUT OF ANSWER GIVEN IN RAJYA SABHA ON 26TH JULY, 2006 TO STARRED QUESTION NO.44

RE: SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONES

---

ֳ֯ן : ִ֤ Ͼֻօ

ִ֤ Ͼֻ (֕ã֮): ֮֮ߵ ֳ֯ן , Ͽ ܵ 44, פ 26 և, 2006 ׾ֵ ָ ָ פ ֵ , ֤ Ͽ ֛ ָ ֱ ָ ֓ ֋ ׻֋ ֮֯ ן , ֯ ֮־֤

, ֲ ֮֟ ׮ֵԟ Ӿ֨ ׻֋ ָָӠ ִֵ-ִֵ ָ ָ ׻ֵ֟, ׻֙ߕ, Ϥ֮ , ו ׸ִþֺ ׮ֵԟ ֜ ״ֻꅠ ײָ ֕֯ ָָ ִֵ ֯ , 00ԕ0 ֜֟ , ٣ ן ן Ϥ֮ ׻֋ ֣ ִ ֮֮ ׻֋ 000 ׻ ׮Ե ֵ ...(־֮֬)...

ֳ֯ן : ֮֮ߵ ֤õ, ִ ֯ ׸ױ֮ ...(־֮֬)... ־ֲ , ֤ ֯ ׸ױ֮ ֋ ...(־֮֬)...

ִ֤ Ͼֻ : , ָ ...(־֮֬)...

ֳ֯ן : , ױ ֱ ־ָ ֓ ...(־֮֬)... , ? ...(־֮֬)... , ׻֋

ִ֤ Ͼֻ : , х ָ , ׻֋ ...(־֮֬)... ָ, ֕ ָָ 000 ׻֋ ן ׮֬Ը օ ֻ ֮֯ ֮ Ϥ֮ פօ 10 ָ, 2006 ß׾ ֮ ׸ٟ֟ ֵօ 000 ֮֮ ߔ ָָ - ׮ֵԟꮴ ׾ օ ֳ֯ן , ݻֻ ״ߵ ָ ָ ׮ֵԟ ָ ׮ֵ ָ֕ ןï֬ ִ֮ ָ ֮ ڙ , ™ ָָ 00ԕ0, 000, פ ֲ ־ã֋ Ӆ ָ ߕ ׻֋ 000 ֵ ꯙ ָ ֵ , ִ -㌟, ֮ ֲ ָ ׌, , , և Ù .. (3/000 ָ ֿ:)

3P/klg-kls/5.10

ִ֤ Ͼֻ (֟) : ָ ָ ָ ֛ , ֲ ㌟ , ևԕ ãׯ֟ ָ ևԕ ׻֋ ֮ , ִ ֟ , - ָ ֯ - ׮ִ

ֳ֯ן , ֛ , ָ ֮֮ߵ ӡ ևԕ ׾ָ ׾ָ ׻֋ , ָ ָָ ևԕ , ֮֮ߵ ӡ ֮֟ ִֵ ևԕ ׻ֵ֟ Ϥ֮ ֟ ִֻ ׻֙ߕ , ָ, פ , ևԕ ׻֋ , ߛ ָ և , ϟ׿֟ ֛ ָ ָ ֮ , ׮ֵ ָ ׾֤ ֵ֟ ֻ֮ ֻ ׮ֵ , ׮ֵ ָ ָ ևԕ ָ ãׯ֟ ֳ ֮ ׻֋ ָ

ֳ֯ן , ֮֮ߵ ӡ ֮ ׻֋ ֟ ֯ ָָ ״ֻ 150 ևԕ ׻֋ ׮֬׸ , ֯ 150 ֤ 200 ֮ և ֲֻ֟ 350 ևԕ ׻֋ ֯ ֮ ָָ ׾֬ ִ ֲ ֮ ֮ , ִ ֮ ֮ ӕ , 150 ֯

ֳ֯ן : ֮֮ߵ ֤õ, ָ ֻ ׸, ֬ ә ֟

ִ֤ Ͼֻ : ֳ֯ן , ֟ ֮֯ ן

ֳ֯ן : ן , ֻ ׻֋ ֱ ־ָ ִֵ

ִ֤ Ͼֻ : ָ, ֻ , ָ ָ ..(־֮֬)

ֵָ : ָ, ָ ִֻ ֑ ә ָ ֌ ֬ ә ?

ֳ֯ן : ָ ִֻ ֬ ә

ִ֤ Ͼֻ : ָ, ֬ ә օ

ֳ֯ן : , ֯ ֻ ֟ ֯ ֤ ֤õ ֮ ֻ

ִ֤ Ͼֻ : ָ, ֯ օ ָ

ֳ֯ן : , ־ֻ ׻ ֋ ׻ , օ ֯ ֻ ֟

ִ֤ Ͼֻ : ֳ֯ן , ָ ָָ ׾֬ , ֟ פ ָָ Ӥ ִֻ ׾֬ ֮ ״׮Ù և ֌־ פ, ֲָ ו - "The MoF has raised concern that SEZ licences could be challenged in the court as there are no clear guidelines for selection. It has also been said, a move, as suggested by the Commerce Minister, to raise the cap on the number of SEZs should be put in abeyance. It is clear that guidelines are formulated."

ֳ֯ן , ֟ ֟ ׻֋ ֮ , ֋ Ù ָ ״ ևԕ ֮ ֮ ׾ßָ ׾ßָ þ֟ ݵ , ֯ ֌־ , ֲָ ֵ ֯ þֵ ֮ Ӥ ׸֟Ԯ , ָ ֯ ֵ ֕ ֛ ֯ ׾ֵ ֮ ֵ

ֳ֯ן : ֯ , ִֵ ֮

ִ֤ Ͼֻ : ָ, ֵ ִ֮ ֮ ֛օ

ֳ֯ן : ֵ ֤ և ֟

ִ֤ Ͼֻ : ֳ֯ן , ֵ , ָ ֮ ֯ , ӛÙߕ ևԕ , ֮ ֮ ָ - ָ ױ ׿ֿ ׻֋ ֵ֤ ֮֯ ׮ִֵ ֮֮ ־֮֬ , ֲָ ֮ ֻ ִֵ ֯ ׮ִֵ ֮֋ ֯ ֮֋ ֮֋, ֯ , ֲָ ֮ և ׮ִֵ ֵ֮ ֋ ֮ ֮ , ևԕ ãׯ֟ ֲ ֵ ӾÙ , ֳ ׮ױ ״ֻօ

3/ ָ

AKA-SSS/3Q/5:15

ִ֤ Ͼֻ (֟) : ֯ ׮ִֵ ֮֮ , ֲָ , ֮֯ ֮ 150 ֮ ׻ֵ , ִ ׸֟Ԯ և , ֻ ֱ ? ïױ Ͽ ֯ ִ֮

֣ ֯ Ͽ , ֳ֯ן , ֯ ָ֮ ִ߮ ִֻ ֪ׯ Ù ִֻ , ֮ ״׮Ù ֯ ֻ פ 00 ָ Ϭ֮ ӡ , ָ ֮ ֻ , ָ ָ ָ ֋, ֮ ֲ ִ߮ ״ֻ, ָ פ, ׸ 25,000 ָ ִ߮ ߠ ..(־֮֬)..

ֳ֯ן : ֲ ֻ , ֯ ָ և Ù ֟

ִ֤ Ͼֻ : ֳ֯ן , ־ֻ ֟ ו ִ߮ ָ ֯ ֮ , ִ߮ ֮ ׻֋ ֮ ִ߮ ָ ָ ׻ֵ ֟ , ָ ֮֮ ׻֋ ֯ ֻ ֕ ָָ ֣ ? ֲ ֯ ׮ִֵ-֮ ֮ ָ ־ã ֮ ָ ״ֻ, ֮ ָ ֮֮ ״ֻ, ֮ ִ߮ , , ֳ֯ן , ֯ ֻ ֕ã֮ ָָ ־ã ֮և ִ߮ SEZ ׻֋ , ִ߮ 25 ןֿ֟ ֻ֯ ֮ ֋ - 20 ָ ו̛ ׻֋ 5 ָ ٿֵֻ ׻֋ ֋, ־ã ֮ ֮֮ , ִ ֻ ֯ ־ã ָ ָ ֯ ָ ׮ִֵ ֮֋ ־ã , ֮ ֮֮ , ?

ןִ ֯ ־ֻ Ͽ ָ ָ ׾֢ ӡ , ֳ֯ן , ֯ ָ , Ͽ :-

"Whether Government has so far made any assessment as to how much money is being lost by way of various concessions, subsidies, relaxations being given by Government to industry, SEZs, EPZs and FTZs and reduction in excise duty..."

ָ, ־ֲ :-

"Yes, Sir, the estimated overall revenue for loan on account of various concessions given by Government amounts to Rs. 1,58,660 crores in the year 2004." 1,58,000 ֵ פ ֵ ָ ׯ֙ ײ֛ߠ և , ִ 43,653 ֵ פ ֵ

ֳ֯ן , ָ SEZs ָ ֜ ײ֛ ֈә ֮ ֜, ֋, Ӥ֕ ָָ ֲ ָָ ִ ָ ׾ָ֓ ֤ SEZs þָ

(ִ֯)

ֳ֯ן : ֻ ׸ꅠ ֵ և ֮

ֻ ׸ : ֮ և ?

ֳ֯ן : ֤ ֤ ӓ ״֮֙

ֻ ׸ : ӓ ״֮֙ ߅

ֳ֯ן : ֯ ׻Ù ו֋ ֮ ï , ֤ ִֵ

ֻ ׸ : ӓ ״֮֙ ։߅

ֳ֯ן : ߮ ״֮֙ ә ֕ ֯ ֤ օ

MS. MABEL REBELLO (JHARKHAND): Sir, this concept of Special Economic Zone is really wonderful because India being a country of almost 110 crore population, we need to remain a manufacturing country. We cannot afford to be a traders' country and today in a globalised economy when the world has become a global village we have got to compete with people and particularly, with giants like China who have set up, maybe, ten to fifteen years ago large economic zones and gave lot of incentives because of which the product has become very cheap and we have got to compete with them and for that we need to manufacture. The concept is definitely wonderful and, I believe, in five years' time something like Rs. 40,000 crores will come by way of investment. (Contd. by NBR/3R)

-SSS/NBR-SCH/3R/5.20.

MS. MABEL REBELLO (CONTD.): This is one way of encouraging the FDI to come into the country and also to encourage people to invest in India -- I mean, domestic investment.

Sir, there are a few things which I would like to bring to the notice of the hon. Minister. The speaker before me has spoken about the incentives that are available in the SEZs, like Customs Duty exemption, Income Tax exemption, Single Window Clearance and all that. I am not going into all that. But, I have a few anxieties. Sir, 150 SEZs have already got clearance and 200 SEZs have applied for clearance. My anxiety is: in the SEZs only 25 per cent of land is reserved for manufacturing sector and the 75 per cent is reserved for other activities, like schools, housing, commercial activities, etc. It is almost like some sort of real estate business. So, I would request the hon. Minister that instead of 25 per cent reservation left for manufacturing and services sectors, he should make it 100 per cent for them. If it is not 100 per cent, at least, 75 per cent should be reserved for this. Otherwise, the concept and the idea of SEZ is totally lost. Why do we have the SEZs? We have the SEZs to encourage people to manufacture. What will happen if we have an SEZ for services sector? Sir, a large number of jobs are created. Who will get jobs in the manufacturing sector? Half educated and illiterate people will also get jobs. In the services sector, educated people will get jobs. One of the major problems that we are facing today is educated unemployment. Similarly, illiterate people also don't have employment opportunities.

Why do we have naxalite problem in Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh? All this is because we are not able to give employment to our people, be they educated or uneducated.

MR. CHAIRMAN: Especially, Jharkhand.

MS. MABEL REBELLO: Yes, Sir. 20 districts, out of 22 districts of Jharkhand, are affected with naxalism. They made it compulsory that every family has to give one child to Naxalite movement. And, what is happening today? Families are giving girls to naxalite activities! That is why there are a large number of girls as naxalites. I am saying this since you have mentioned it. So, this is the problem before us. We should read the writing on the wall and we should apply our mind and address this problem of unemployment in the country. This is one way of doing and settling this problem.

MR. CHAIRMAN: Okay. Thank you, thank you.

MS. MABEL REBELLO: Sir, my anxiety is also this. What is happening today? So many large industrial houses have taken already permission to set up the SEZs. That is, 150 have already got the permission and 200 are on the way. How much land will they be taking? They will be taking something like 4 lakh acres of land. Which land are they taking? It is not fallow land. It is a very good cultivable land. If good cultivable land is used for SEZs, what will happen to our country? We need grain to feed our 110 crore people? A fortnight ago, the hon. Agriculture Minister, who is sitting here, said that after three to four years we would have to continuously import grains to feed our people. Therefore, my anxiety is that to set up the SEZs we should not use good land. We are using black cotton soil for the SEZs. We are not paying adequate price to our farmers to get land from him for the SEZs. What happened in Kalinganagar in Orissa sometime ago? The Government acquired land to set up industrial units @ Rs. 35,000 per acre from farmers and sold that land to industrialists @ 3.5 lakhs per acre. Is the Government a business house wanting to make money? You have sold the land ten times more than the price that was paid to farmers and tribals. This is exploitation.

MR. CHAIRMAN: Please conclude.

MS. MABEL REBELLO: I request the hon. Minister not to take land at throwaway price or forcefully from the farmers.

MR. CHAIRMAN: That is a very good suggestion. Now, Smt. N.P. Durga.

(Ends)

(FOLLOWED BY USY "3S")

NBR-USY-MCM/3S/5.25

SHRIMATI N.P. DURGA (ANDHRA PRADESH): Mr. Chairman, Sir, my first clarification, which I wish to seek from the hon. Minister, is that the Minister, while replying to this question, said that there were three stages of approvals and if any entrepreneur or investor wished to set up an SEZ he should pass through three layers of scrutiny. Of these, only the second layer of scrutiny is important. So, I wish to know what are the `requirements that one has to fulfil and whether the issue of land acquisition and payment of appropriate compensation comes under this stage of scrutiny. If so, I wish to know from the hon. Minister what are the mandatory guidelines that have to be followed by an investor and how the compensation is calculated. I am asking this because one SEZ at Varadiahpalem Satyavedu is coming up in my district Chittoor and 1,5000 acres of agricultural land has been acquired against the wishes of our farmers. But, the farmers are not assured proper compensation and even if they are paid, it is pittance. So, I wish to know from the hon. Minister on this.

Sir, the primary aim of setting up an SEZ is to attract investment and it should not be that all investment comes only into SEZs and other regions or areas of that State are deprived of development; because, if you look at the SEZs oprating in the country, they are all in developed States or in the developed regions and there is not even a single SEZ in backward States. If it goes on like this, it will create an imbalanced growth in the country. So, I wish to know what the Ministry is doing to open more and more SEZs in backward regions of the country.

The next point, is the entrepreneurs have little concern over the employees working in SEZs and have become notorious for many things, particularly with regard to violation of environmental norms and exploitation of labour. Sir, there are 40 per cent women working in various SEZs in the country. As per the Report brought out by International Confederation of Free Trade Unions, in these 'free' trade zones, it is the employers who run free like a fox in a henhouse. The report points out that enterprises in the zones gain their comparative advantage really through worker's exploitation and anti-union repression. Most of these enterprises are out to break their competitors in the price war, and they don't mind breaking the backs of their workers and the union to achieve that. With the new SEZ Act, 2005, the zones have been declared a 'public utility service', which imposes restrictions on workers going on strike. Moreover, the delegation of the powers of the State Labour Commissioner to the specially appointed Development Commissioner is expected to give little importance to labour rights in SEZs. So, I wish to know what the Ministry is doing, particularly with regard to women force in this regard.

Another problem with the SEZs is that the units operating elsewhere are shifting their production and processing to these tax-free zones. So, there is a danger of failure to enhance the capabilities by shifting the units. By doing so, the units have twin advantages. The first one is, they get all sops and exemptions. Secondly, they can have hire-and-fire policy. So, I would like to know from the hon. Minister whether the Government would insist on additional job creation once the unit is shifted to SEZ from other area. If not, the reasons may be given. (Time-bell)

Sir, my final point is whether it is true that the SEZs will come in the way of the proposed uniform Goods and Service Tax proposed by the Kelkar Task Force. If yes, how will the Ministry get out of this?

Thank you very much, Sir, for having given me this opportunity.

(Ends)

֮ ֻ ӛ (ײָ) : ֮֮ߵ ֳ֯ן , ïֻ ״ ִֻ ֮֮ߵ ֤õ ֵ ߮ , ֟ ׾ֿ ٣ ָ֬ ߮ և ߮ ָ ߕ ߕ ߕ ׻֋ ֮ , ָ֮ ߮ ݵ ״ ׾ֿ ׻ֵ ֵ , Ӿ Ӿ ֵ , , ֻ Ù ײػ ֮ , ָ ִ ָ֯ ׻֋ , ָ ׻֋ ָ פ ݵ ״ ֪֮ ֤ ׻֋ ִ ָ ߮ ִֻ ֟׮ֳԸ , ֕ ׮ֵԟ -737 ֮ 00 ֮ ִ ׾ ָ֕ ׮ֵԟ (3T ָ ֿ:)

GS-VP/3t/5.30

֮ ֻ ӛ (֟) : ן ïֻ ָ ָ , ׾ֿ ٣ , ־ָ ׻֋ , ״ ׾ֿ ָ֯ ָ ׮ֳԸ , וִ ײ֓׻ֵ, ֜ןֵ, ׮ֵ ֛ ֳ ״ֻ ֮ ֮ օ , ׻֋ ִ֟ ز֤ ָ ֲ ֵ ߮ ݵ ״ , ִ ïֻ ֮֟ , וִ ־ָ , ïֻ ֮֟

ֳ֯ן , ָ ֤ ֙ , ֮֮ߵ ӡ , 50 ֵ֟ , ָ ׮Ե ãן ߅ ָ ݵ ״ , ָ ֙ 1983-84 131.6 ״׻ֵ֮ ָ ݵ ״ , ֙-֙ ֕ ãן և 120.16 ״׻ֵ֮ ָ ״ ָ ֤ ׻֋ և ָ֮ ֙ ֵ 1999-2000 127 ״׻ֵ֮ ָ 121 ״׻ֵ֮ ָ ֲֻ , ֕ 120 ״׻ֵ֮ ָ ָ ֮ ֮ Ϥ וֻ ֓ , ֓ , ׸ ֆ ֕ ָָ ָ և ׸ ָָ 10 ָ ֵ ָ ִ֤ , ָ֯ ָ - ֮ ֻ֕ ָ ߕ ָ ֙ ֮, ݵ ״ , ־Ԥ 10 ָ ֵ ֻ֮ ׸ ִ֤ , ָ ָ ׮ֳԸ ֙߅ ָ ֮֟ - ׸ , ׿ִ ָ Ϥ , ӕֲ ײָ ־ָ , ָ ׾֬֓ӻ , ֤ ָ Ϥ , Ϥ ֤ ״ ׻֋ ֕ ׻֋ ֕։

, ִ ֟ ָָ ݵ ״ ïֻ ״ ׻֋ ֮և , ָ ֲӤ և ֵ , ָ ֟ ִ ߲ 16-17 ֕ ָӛ , ֲ ֤ 18 ָ™ , 18 ֻ , 105 ֲ ״ֻ 210 , ևֻև ֜ ֤ ׸ֵ֟ ״ֻ֮ ֻ ָָ ָ ׸ֵ֟ ָָ ֲ־ , ֱ ,

"The major incentives offered to units in the SEZs to promote exports include duty free import/domestic procurement of goods, exemption from Central Sales Tax on supplies made from Domestic Tariff Area, exemption from service tax and 100 per cent income tax exemption on export profits for the first five years, 50 per cent for the next five years and 50 per cent of ploughed back export profits for the next five years."

֯ ׾ֿ ׾֬֋ , ָ֯ ֻ , ײ֓׻ֵ , ֛ ֜ןֵ , ׸ֵ ֛ ׮ֵ ׾֤ ֮ߕ ֮ߕ ׻֋ ݵ ״ ֲԤ ָ ֲӤ ֮ ֟ ֣, ׾ָ ָָ ϯֻ , ׻֋ ִ֣Ԯ (ִ֯)

ֳ֯ן : - ֮־֤ ָ֮ - Ù , - Ù ..(־֮֬)..

ָ֮ (׸) : ֮־֤ ָ օ ֮֠ ӛ 170 ֮֯ ֕֟ ߅ -߮ ևә ևԕ ָ , ָ ָָ ׻֙ߕ , ׻֋ ӛÙ ֵ ֯ ִ ֵ ӛÙֻ ֈ , ֛-֛ , ֵ ֵ, ױ ײֻ ֮ ָ ׸-ӕֲ , ו֮֟ ײֻ , ִ߮ ևԕ ß ׻֋ (3 ָ ָ)

SC/PK/5.35/3U

ָ֮ (֟) : ׾̮֕ ו֮֟ ̴߮ , ִ ֬ ֤ ָ ו̛׿ֵֻ ֮֋, Ùߙ濮ֻ ׸ ֮֋ , ׸ ״ֻ , ׸ Ӿ , ֲ ևԕ ꌙ ֵ֮ , ̴߮ ߴ֟ 15 ָ

ֳ֯ן : ֮ ֵ֤

ָ֮ : ָ, ִ ֮ ֵ֤ ..(־֮֬).. ֮ ָ ָ ֮ ִ ֵ֤ ..(־֮֬)..ָ, ֮֟ ..(־֮֬)..

SHRI V. HANUMANTHA RAO: Sir, in Hyderabad, it is 10 crores or 14 crores per acre...(Interruptions)..

ֳ֯ן : ̴߮ ? ̴߮ ..(־֮֬).. , ֵօ ׻֋, ֯ ׻֋..(־֮֬)..ך, ך..(־֮֬)..

ָ֮ : ָ, ײػ ױ , ֣ ָ ׻י׿ֵ, ֲ ֋ ָ ִܵӡ , Ù , , ֮ , ׮ ֋ ָ ֮ , ߔ ֋ ׸ ևԕ ֻ ׸ ֲ , ֕ , ״ֻ ֲ ֵ ֲ ӕֲ ֵ..(־֮֬)..

ֳ֯ן : ֟ ׸ ֯օ

ָ֮ : ֛-֛ ׌ ֋ ..(־֮֬)..

ֳ֯ן : ֯ և ֟

ָ֮ : ָ, ֮֟ ..(־֮֬)..

ֳ֯ן : ։ օ ֮ և ׻֋

ָ֮ : ևԕ ꌙ ׸ "ß֮ և" 24 և ֯߅ ִ ׻ ׸ֵ ꌙ ׸ ֵ , ֻ 20 ָ ֋ ֋ 45,000 ꮵ ֯ߓָ 25,000 ׸ ֲָ ֵ߅ ִ ִԸ ֵ֤ ? ִ ׻ ו֮֟ ̴߮ , ו֮֟ ߕ ֮֋ - ֟ פ ָ ֮֋ ֕ ־ֻ ֻ , ־ֲ ״ֻ There is not any proposal with the Government to have any airport near Gurgaon. ָ, ֟ ׻֋ ׸ 1500 ̴߮, և ֻ ״ ֮֮ ׻֋ Ӿ ߅ ̴߮ և ָ ֮ ߅ ִԸ ״ֻ֮ , ״ֻ ֛ ֺ ևә פ ֙ , ׻֋ ָ ָָ , פ ֮ , ֲ֤ , ׻֋ National Capital Region ֵ֮ ֵ ׻֋ ߆ָ ֮ ֮, ֮ ְ ߮ ߱ ״׮Ù ݮ ֮ ׸ߕ פ - ߻ ֟־ָ ֵ֮ ֋ פ ֋? ևԕ ֮, ֮, ֮ , ׸ פ, ߮ ߱ ״׮Ù և , ָ ָև؛ ֟ פ ו֮֟ פ , ָ ևԕ ֮ ֣ Ӭ ׻֋ ӡ ߆ָ ֮ ׸ߕ , ߕ, ֋, ֮ - פ כ ׯ֙ - ևԕ ֻ ֲָ ִ ӲӬ ֟ ִ߮ , ִ ֮ , ִ߮ , ָ ֯ ָ ָ ̴߮ ֮ֆ ߴ ֮ כ ֮־֤

(ִ֯)

SHRI SHARAD ANANTRAO JOSHI (MAHARASHTRA): Mr. Chairman, Sir, the Special Economic Zones is an idyllic idea. It can be compared with the novel 'Atlas Shrugged' by Ayn Rand, an innovator, an inventor and a great manufacturer found, say, a nation away from all nations where the entrepreneur, inventor and the innovator will have no handicaps. That is the kind of experiment we need to try in India getting out of the socialist licence permit quota raj and taxation raj. The idea suffers from certain disadvantages in application and one of the biggest difficulties that has come up in Haryana and Uttar Pradesh -- where Shri V.P. Singh also went -- is the method in which the land is taken from the farmers. Sir, if your entrepreneur is going to be freed from all kinds of restrictions that were characteristics in the socialist era, then, there is absolutely no reason why you should benefit from the land acquisition, which comes from the old socialist era.(Contd. by 3W/PB)

PB/3W/5.40

SHRI SHARAD ANANTRAO JOSHI (CONTD.): In Maharashtra, Sir, -- thanks to our Minister for Agriculture, -- we have evolved a formula. It is not a question of whether the land is fit for agriculture or not. The question is, does the farmer want to continue as a farmer or not? If he wants to continue as a farmer, there will be no acquisition in land; and if he is not prepared to continue as a farmer, then he will have the full liberty to dispose of his land to anybody he likes at a price that he can get, the best price that he can get. If we follow that, then, I think, the farmer will also be put on par with the free entrepreneur and you will get rid of many of the headaches that you are having in starting the Special Economic Zones. Thank you.

(Ends)

SHRI CHITTABRATA MAJUMDAR (WEST BENGAL): Sir, what I want to raise here is that from media, it has been reported that the total loss, which has been estimated by the National Institute of Public Finance and Policy, would be Rs. 97,000 crores in five years on an investment of Rs. 3,60,000 crores only. That is the revenue loss. When we are not finding resources for universalization of PDS, for right to reduction and for implementation of many other similar schemes, in this way a huge amount is being given to the corporate houses. That is my first point which I wanted to raise.

The second is, as per the reply of the Commerce and Industry Minister, 28 SEZs are, at present, operational. We want to know -- and we think that a review should be made on these 28 operational SEZs -- what is the amount of investment there, what is the amount of exports from those incentives offered to them and employment provided by them.

My third point is, seventy five per cent of land has not been properly earmarked. How can this land be utilised? I want to know whether it could be used for building houses or some other purpose. My point is, for which purpose this land could be utilised. Since it is SEZ, so only for industrial purpose, that land can be used. So that is another point.

Now, my next point is, about the process of land acquisition, what I think is that the cost-benefit analysis should also be taken into account before acquisition. Other things which need to be taken into consideration in this regard should be : rehabilitation and livelihood security of the displaced people, its implication for food security, uses of power and water, assessment of environmental impact, etc. As far as we understand, there is a cap on the number of SEZs, i.e., 150; that has been approved. Now, again, 2200 applications are there, and the Commerce and Industry Ministry is now preparing a proposal for removing the cap. I am suggesting that the cap should not be removed now. A thorough re-examination of all the approved SEZs should be there on case-to-case basis. Appropriate ceiling on the maximum land area, not less than fifty per cent, should be provided for production, and the use of land, not under production, should be specifically provided in the law. (Contd. by 3x/SKC)

ASC-SKC/5.45/3X

SHRI CHITTABRATA MAJUMDAR (CONTD.): Finally, Sir, I would like to point out another aspect; one of the hon. Members had raised it to a certain extent. There is an ILO recommendation about the grievance redressal authority and the Development Commissioner. The ILO recommendation is that these two should be different persons, but here, the Development Commissioner has been given the authority to look after the task of grievance redressal. That should not be there.

(Ends)

ָ (ָ Ϥ) : ֳ֯ן , ֯ ִ֬ ֤ߵ ӡ SEZ ָ ֛ conflicting signals ָָ ӡ, ָ ֟ ׾֢ ӡ ֵ֮ ֟ ֛ ٣ ֮ ֮֮ߵ ֕ ӡ ֛ ָ֜ ֛ ֵ֤ օ ׾ß ֟ ֛ ׾֢ ӡ ֡ ׻ Ͽ׮ SEZ ә ׬ָ ׾֢ ӡֵֻ , ֕ ӡֵֻ ֣ ֛ ָ ָָ ֲ߮ ßָ ӡ, ָ ֟ , ױ ֮ ӕ , ? ָ ֟ ָ-ָ Ϭ֮ ӡ ו ָ ß ָ ָ ִ߮ ֋ ï™ , ָ ־ָ ֟ ײֻ ֮ ֮ ו ״ ׬ ָ Ϥ ־ָ ꌙ ׻֋ ִ , ֮ ִ ֮ ן , ָ֮ ֮ , ֮ ֻ ׻ֵ ֮ ִ ߴ Ӭ , ֛ ׾ִ֮ϟ ֣ ו ֌׸, ӡ , ӕֲ ׸ ָ 25 ָ ָ ݵ ״ , ָ ݵ ״ ֮ ד֟ ״ֻ֟ , ָ, ָ ֣ ӛ , ָ SEZ ִ ָ ? ָ ױ, ֛-֛ ֯ן ִ ָ, ָ 80 ָ , ֲ , ָ ָ ׸ֻ Ù ֛-֛ bid ֛-֛ ׮ֵ 22 ָ, 25 ָ ֵ ֋, ֯ ָ SEZ ֮ ? ֯ SEZ ִ ָ ױ, , ֯ ? ֛ ӳ߸ ִֻ SEZ ׻ þ֟ ֱ SEZ ֻ֮ ֻ ֕ ӡ ָ ֻߴ ֻ ֕ ӡ ֻ ֣ ָ ֤ ָ ߓ ־֕ ߓ ֤ ײ֓׻ֵ ד֋ ײ֓׻ֵ ד֋ ..(־֮֬)..

ֳ֯ן : ֯ ߓ ײ֓׻ֵ ֯ ֋ ...(־֮֬)

ָ : ײ֓׻ֵ ...(־֮֬)..

ֳ֯ן : ֮֯ ֮ ֯ פօ

ָ : ߓ ֮֯ ..(־֮֬). ֮֯ ߓ , ײ֓׻ֵ ..(־֮֬).. ֛ ֻ , ֯ן ֯ 25 ָ ָ ״ ֻ ֣ , ֛ ֻ , ״ֻ֟ ֮ ֤ ֙ ֺ, ֛ ִִ ֮օ ֮־֤ (ִ֯)

(ָ™) : ֳ֯ן , ֟ ֻ ֣ ׯ֔ , ָ , ֟֋ ֮֯ ߮ ָ ָ ։ ָ SEZ ֮֋ ֮ ֤ , ֲָָ , ֕ ֟

(ִ֯)

ֵָ () : ֮֮ߵ ֳ֯ן , ևә ָ ֮֟ ֯ ִ֮ ։օ ..(־֮֬)..

ֳ֯ן : ֯ ׻֋, ׻֋ ..(־֮֬)..֯ ױ , ָ ֟ օ

ֵָ : , , ֯ SEZ ㌟ , SEZ ָ , ï™ ׸, ֕ , ִ ״ֻ- ִ֮ ״ֻ , ִ ָ ״ ֚ ֻ ׾ָ ..(־֮֬)..

ֻ ׸ : , ..(־֮֬)..

ֵָ : ..(־֮֬).. ...(־֮֬)..

ֳ֯ן : , ֯ ך, ך ..(־֮֬)..

ֵָ : ևә ָ SEZ , ִ ָ ָ ִִ , ו֮֟ ׮ֵ֮ , ו֮֟ ߵ ״ ֚ , ֲ ״ֻ ׾ָ

(3Y/NB ָ ֿ:)

HK-NB/3y/5.50

ֵָ (֟) : NALCO disinvestment ß׾֟ disinvestment ָָ ֬ on hold ֯ ִ֬ ֻ , on hold , ß־ ֯ ֯ ׸ ֯ ִ֬ ֡ request SEZ ָ ָ ֮ ֤ ֋

(ִ֯)

ֳ֯ן : ֯ ל և ֯ 滵 ֟ ֋

ָ֕ ״ (ָ Ϥ) : ֳ֯ן , ٣ , ß־ ִ Ӥ ־׵ ״ ֣-֣ ׮ִ֟ ״ , ֣-֣ ו ָ ׻֋ , ֮ ֕։ , ֮ ׻֋ ֮ ֵ ׻֋ ֮ ֤, ֮ ֲ ו ִ߮ ָ ֮ ֻ ֟ , ֮ ֻ ӛ פ ָ ֲ פ ֮ ֟ ֮ ׸ָ ֕׾ ֻ֟ ׸ָ ִ ֟ , ֕ ׻ֵ ֵ, ׻֋ ֮ ֲ ־ ӲӬ ֻ ֮ ֮ ֮ ֕։ ״ , ß ָ ֛ ָ ָ , ָߤ ָָ ӲӬ ׾ָ֓ ֲ ֮ ִ߮ , ֮ ׸ָ ׻֋ ָ ֕׾ ָ ־ã ־ã ? ָ ֟ ™ߵ ֮֕֬ , ׾ֿ ׿ִ ָ Ϥ ׸ , ֲ֤ß ֤ , ֤ , ֤ ֤ ãן ֮, ָ ӳ߸ ׾ָ֓ ־ֿ , ֣ ֛ ֮ օ ׻֋ ָ ׾ָ֓ ־ֿ (ִ֯)

ֳ֯ן : ׻֋, ӡ ߅

׻֟ ֟ : ֮֮ߵ ֳ֯ן , ־ֻ

ֳ֯ן : ִ ֋ , ֲ ־ פ

SHRI KAMAL NATH: Mr. Chairman, Sir, I thank the hon. Members for their suggestions and some of their reservations ֋ SEZ Act ָ , Sir, the SEZ Act was passed by this House. While passing the Act, in fact, a large number of hon. Members praised the provisions of the Act in both Houses. This SEZ Policy, the first concept in this, started many years ago with the Export Processing Zone in Kandla. Thereafter, the SEZ Policy was announced in the year 2000 -- I think, it was in the year 2000. I am happy that my erstwhile colleague, Shri Arun Jaitley, is here; he would know that it was sometime in the year April 2000. Thereafter, a process was started to instil confidence in those who would become developers, and also in the units which would be coming up in the Special Economic Zones. To ensure that this is a stable regime, it was thought that an Act of Parliament, an Act and law passed by this House, was essential. Sir, essentially, SEZs had two or three very clear objectives. What are those objectives? The first objective is, there is going to be an engine of growth to stimulate new investment. When some Members suggest that there is going to be movement of one unit into an SEZ, I think, if we go through the Act, if we go through the rules, it provides clearly that all machines must be new. If they had to be new, they cannot be moved from anybody. It's already built in. Much of what has been said is already in the Act passed by this Hous11e. I am afraid, I cannot even tamper with that until this House decides or both the Houses decide.

(Contd. by 3z/KSK)

KSK/5.55/3Z

SHRI KAMAL NATH (CONTD): Sir, the tax benefits in this are contained in the Act. This House, while approving and passing the Bill, looked at those. Now, one of the incentives we are trying to create, one of the incentives we are trying to build, is for the developers. What is our objective? I completely agree that manufacturing sector -- hon. Member mentioned about manufacturing. -- counts for 17 per cent of the GDP. We definitely need to take it to 24-25 per cent of GDP. In Malaysia, it is about 28 per cent of GDP. In Thailand, it is much higher. We got to have manufacturing growth. Today, for investments, we are competing with Thailand, Malaysia. There is a comparative environment. Why will anybody come to India? That was one principle that we need to create an engine of growth. The second principle was that taxes are not exported. Now, if the suggestion of this House is that we should levy an export tax, today, custom duties and excise duties on products, which are exported, are refunded. We have these various schemes. That has been happening because taxes are not to be exported. We are not going to export our taxes. Now, how do we compete? So, the first principle is that taxes are not to be exported, and if we say we have EOUs, these EOUs came into being because we allowed them to import duty free so that they could export. If we had not allowed that, the EOUs would not have come into existence. And, if they had not come into existence, we would have had no employment. That incremental economic activity would not have taken place. So, the architecture of the Special Economic Zones Act passed by this House is that there is a developer who develops the infrastructure. Somebody is to develop the infrastructure. Who is going to build the roads? Who is going to build the hospitals? If there are going to be factories, where are they going to live? Somebody is to do that. So, one part of the SEZ Act....(Interruptions). No, that is provided in that...(Interruptions). I am not talking of over 25......(Interruptions). Let me clarify. So, we have got to look at these aspects. There are rules for land usage and town planning. If you are going to have factory, you would have some parking; you would have a canteen. So, who will build that? And, units will come there only if this infrastructure is there.

SHRI KARNENDU BHATTACHARJEE: But, that should be confined in 25 per cent.

SHRI KAMAL NATH: If you listen to me and if you explain this to your Chief Minister also not to write to me and say that we must have this, it would make things much more simpler because I have got two letters...(Interruptions).

SHRI KARNENDU BHATTACHARJEE: Why are you referring to the Chief Minister?

SHRI KAMAL NATH: The fact is that in its wisdom, this House passed this Act which provides facilities for the developers and the exporters. What have we allowed for the exporters?

(MR. DEPUTY CHAIRMAN in the Chair)

SHRI KAMAL NATH: Today, exports, under various schemes, have refund, tax benefits, irrespective of whether they are SEZs or not. Should we make the SEZs lesser? Today, we are refunding excise duties and custom duties to exporters. Should we make exporters and Special Economic Zones lesser? Today, for infrastructure development outside SEZ, there are already various tax incentives. Should we make the SEZ lesser than that? There are already tax incentives for exporters. These are not incentives. When you are refunding tax you collected when you are exporting, it is a refund. Now, you say that I have lost this. This is like saying that agriculture is tax free. So, if you have an agricultural export and agriculture increases, we will lose so much revenue.

SHRI AMAR SINGH: It is notional loss.

SHRI KAMAL NATH: If my friend says, "It is notional", Sir, I am reminded of a joke which I will tell him separately. A man misses a bus and walks on and he says, "I have saved five rupees." And, he says, "If I would have missed a taxi, I would have saved thirty rupees."

(continued by 4a)

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