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2N/HMS-YSR/3.00

֣֮֕ (֟) : , ֮ ֟- ֲָ ֲ ׮ָָ ֜ ָ֮ ֮ ׾֤ ֮ ֻ ֵօ Ϭ֮ ӡ ֋ ָ 3750 ֋ ׸߱ , ָ ãן ִ֮ ֤ ֟ߕ ָ ׾֤ פ ־׬ ֟-֋ ֙ ־׬ , ָ ׾֤ ֮ Ӥ֮ ״ן ־ ָ ו ֮ Ӥ֮ ״ן ֮ ־ פӲָ, 2005 ߓ 212 ִ suicide ו 182 ֙ ӛ 182 170 ֮ 00 , 00 ֮ ֟ ׻֋ ֲ֕ , י ߱և ߛ ו֮֟ ߴ֟ 00 ִ ֟ , ֳ ֮ ߴ֟ כ֮ ִ ֟ ߴ֟ 1600 ֋ ן 450 ִ ߴ֮, ֯ ֵֿ ֻ 1200 ֋ 00 ֟֋ ֟ 00 ϵ ׌׾֙ ֜, ׾֤ ֻ֟ , ֮ ׾֤ ֵ , 00 ָ

BT Cotton has emerged as a killer for the farmers of Vidharbha, Andhra Pradesh, and Karnataka also.

Ӭ Ϥ ־֮Դ 00 ָ ִ ִ֮ ֤ ӛ ׌ ߿֮ ִ֮ և , ן , ӲӬ ָ֮ ֵ֤ ָ ӡ ӲӬ ֻ֟

, ߛ ָ , ָ ֓ օ , ִֵ 10 ֻֻ֮߮ ֮ߕ ָ Ӥ ߛ ֮ ִ ָ ֮ ֮ ߿ֻ֮ ߛ ָ֬ ָ ֤ , ֤ ֜֟ ָ ֮ ִ , ߛ ݻֻ ֮ߕ ָ , ָ ָ ֮ ִ ָ ߕ , ָ ߕ ָߤ ׻֋ ֮ ֲ֕ , ו ߕ ָߤ , ׿ֵ ׌׾֙ ֜ , ֤ ֜ þֳ׾ ֕ ֵ ֙ ֮ ֟

, ָ֮ ֟ և U.S. India Knowledge Initiative in Agriculture ִ ֮ ָ ֵ ӡ ֮֮ ֮ ? ֮ ָ ָ ֮ ״ ׮־ ? , ֮ ݻֻ ֮ Wallmart & Monsanto ָ ֵֻ ߴ֮, ֯ ִ֬ ֮֮ ݻֻ ֮ߕ ָ ꌵ׸ ָ ֋? ִ ׾ , livelihood ؓ֟ ֋? ִ֟ ָ ӡ ֟ þָ ֮ߕ ָ ؓ֟

(2 /ߋ־ ָ ֿ:)

-HMS/PSV-VKK/2o/3.05

֣֮֕ (֟) : ָ, ָ ִõ ִ֮֬ ִ֮ - ֓ օ ֮ ד֟ ״ , פ ֮ ׻ֵ , ָ әÙ , ָ ֱ ֮ -- ד֟ , ָ ֱ ֮ ֮ פ ֟ , ָ ٿֵֻ әÙ ֕ 9 ֤ ֜ ֚ ֤ ָ כ ָ әÙ և ֮ , ֕ 50 ָ 100 ָ әÙ ָ ֮

ִ֟ ֛ ָ , ו ֻ֟ ֮ ֟ ֲ֕ þ׳ִ֮ ו֮ ߮ , ָָ ֮ þ׳ִ֮ ו֮ ߮ ߴ֮, ֮ ָ ִ ׻֋, ֵ ׻֋ פ ֋, ָ әÙ 4 ָ ׬ פ ֋, ָ, כ ָ, -- ֻ ׻֋ ָ әÙ ֮ , ֕ ֮ ִ֟ ָ ӡ ֣ ָ ׾֢ ӡ , ִֵ , ָ ׾ָ֓

ߴ֮, ן ֤֯ ֓ ...(־֮֬)... , ...(־֮֬)...

SHRI M. VENKAIAH NAIDU: Sir, last time, when the discussion took place, we made an appeal to the House that this is a very important subject and this cannot be dealt alone by the Agriculture Minister because most of the policy-related issues are with the Finance Ministry. It was suggested at that time. We thought that the Finance Minister will also be here during this important discussion.

SHRIMATI BRINDA KARAT: Last time, he was here, but Sharadji was not here.

SHRI M. VENKAIAH NAIDU: He had just come and gone. I don't know if he can be called by the Parliamentary Affairs Minister. We are not making a complaint. But, for a better and a constructive discussion, it will be useful for the House.

THE VICE-CHAIRMAN (PROF. P.J. KURIEN): That's okay, but the Agriculture Minister is here.

ָ : ׾֢ ӡ ־ֿ Ӿֿ߻ ׾ֵ ָ ֮ Ӿֿ߻֟ , ֳ֬ օ ...(־֮֬)... ׾֢ ӡ ã֟ ...(־֮֬)...

ָ ־ָ : , ...(־֮֬)...

ָ : ֯ 15 ֋ ׾֤ פ, ֮ פօ ָ Ϥ ֛ ֋, ״ֻ ֋ ...(־֮֬)...

THE VICE-CHAIRMAN: It is not necessary that the Minister should be here to be aware of the discussion that is taking place. The Agriculture Minister is competent enough to deal with this. But, the Finance Minister will certainly get all the information from here. If he comes, it would be better. However, even if he is not here.....

֣֮֕ : ߴ֮, ָ ָ әÙ 4 ָ ׬ ָ֮ ֵ֤ ߮ ֮ פ ֟ , ָ әÙ ֟ ֮ ׻֋ ֟ , , ָ֮ ֟ ֵ֤ ߮ ָ әÙ ֟ ָ ꌙ פ ֲ ֤ Ù , ߮ ֛ ָ ꌙ ָ Ù ֮ ? First Five Year Plan, Second Five Year Plan Third Five Year Plan ָ ꌙ ָ ו֮֟ Ù , ִ ָ Ù ׮ָָ ֙ ד֮ ׾ֵ ֮֟ פ ֳָ ֮֮ , ־ֿ ײ Ù ײ Ù ֣-֣ þָ և Ù , ֲ և Ù ֟ , ָ ݻֻ ֮ߕ ָ Ù , ׻ ֮ ָؕ ֙, ִ֤ ֮ ֜և ֋, ֮ ֵ ׬--׬ Ù ִ֟ ־ֿ

ߴ֮, 000 ָ ֓ ߅ 000, ״׮ִִ ֯ և ָ ָ ֮֮ߵ ӡ ׾ָ֓ ֟ ֮ ׾ָ֓ , ֮ ׻֋ ֵ ׻֋ ֳָ

(2/000 ָ ֿ:)

2P/klg-mks/3.10

֕ ֣ (֟) : ֳ֬ , ָ ָ֯י ָ ֓ օ ֕ , ָ ָ֯י ָ֯י ֵ֙ߕ ֻ֟ ֤ ָ֤ ׾֢ ӡ ֮ ֕֙-ïߓ , ôָ , ו֮ ָ֯י ־ ָ֯י ֵ֙ߕ ֻ֟ ײ֛ , ָ ָ֯י ֠ ָ֯י ֵ֙ߕ ֻ֟ ָ ֋ ֟ ֳ ֮֟ ָ ֮ פ , 70 ָ ֮ ָ֯י ִ֬ ٿֵֻ ־ֻ , ٿֻ ֻ 20 ָ ָ ֮ ֮֮ ָ֯י , ָ֯י ֵ֙ߕ ֻ֟ ָ ׻֋ ָָ ֋ ? , ֣ פ ֮֯ ֵ , ׮׿֟ פ ϳ־ ֋ ֮ ֮֮ ֻÙ ָ֯י ָ ? ן ? ֮ ֕ þָ ? ִ֟ ָ֮ ָ ӡ ֲ ֮ ָ , ֺ

ߴ֮, ָ -ݵ 40 ֤ ״ , ד֟ ֳ 58-60֤ ד֟ ֛-֛ ֓և ׸֮ֆ ִ֬ ָ ݵ ״ ד֟ ֵ֮ , ׻ ֮֟ ׸֮ֆ ִ֬ ׬ ׬ -ݵ ״ ד֟ ֵ֮ ׻֋ ֓և ׸֮ֆ ָָ ָ ׬ ׬ פ ֋, ֮ ؓ֟ ֮֟ ָ ֻٕ֮ ִ 22.3 ָ ו֮ ִ ָ 40.9 ָָ ָָ ׻֋ ߕ ֮֋, Ӆ ָ ָ ߴӟ ֮ ֻ , ֤ , ִ֟ , ׯ֙ ֻ ֮ ָָ ָ ָ ؓ֟ ־ֿ

ߴ֮, ָ ֟ ֮ ֟ ִ֯ օ

ֳ֬ (0 . . ׸֮) : ָ ֯ ..(־֮֬) .. Don't go back to the points because there is a constraint of time.

֣֮֕ : ָ, , ִ ֟ և , ֓ ֮ ָ , ָ ָ ãן ֤ ָ֤ , ָ , כ ֮ և ִ ָ ׾ָ֓ , ֻ - ׸߱ ֮

ߴ֮, ִֵ ֤ ֮ ָָ ָָ ֮ ״ ֣ ֵ , ֮ ֲ ֛ ֤ , ֮ ֲ ֛ ֳꌟ , ו פ ֮ ָؕ ֙ ֜ ֋, ו פ ֮ -ִ֟ ֋, ־ ֣ Ծ־ã և ֻ ߅ ֲ ֣, ֯ - ֮־֤

(ִ֯)

ָ֮ ״ (ָ Ϥ) : ֳ֬ , ֻ ׾ֵ ָ ֤ , ֮ ׾ֵ , ו ׾ֵ ָ ִֵ ֓ ֮ ָ , ָ ӟִ֕ , ׾ֵ ָ ֓ , ֲ֮ օ - ֮ Ӿ , ָ ֟ , ״ּ , ִֵ ֲָ ֟ Ӿ ֛ וֻ ֻ ߴ ׻ֵ ֵ , ׻֋ ֟ ֟ 2/ ָ ..

AKA-TMV/2Q/3:15

ָ֮ ״ (֟) : ָ ָ ֲ ֲָ ֟ ß֮ ״׮Ù ß֮ ֮ ֛ ß֤ , ֛ ׻ , ־ ߟ ֵ , ׻֋ ֟ , ӡ , ӳ߸ ֣ ׮ֵ -֛ ӡ פ֓ï ֟, 24 ә ִ ֮ ִֵ ֯ ֮ ִֵ , ֲ-ֲ օ ֤ ֯ ֋, ֯ ׌֟ ִֻ ֋օ , ӳ߸ ִֻ ֲ ß֮ ֮ ֋, פ ß֮ ֮ , ֋օ ׸ãןֵ ָ ֮ ֟ ׻֋ ֮ ׾ֵ ָ 0 00 ֻ ֣֮֕ ֓ և

- Ϭִ֮ӡ ׾֤ ֋, Ӭ ִ , ֬Ԡ ֋ , ִ ָ ô ָ Ϭִ֮ӡ, ӡ ֲ ֟ ֬ Ԯ ֟ ֟ Ӭ ֬ ִ ֮ ״ֻ ֮ ״ֻ֟ , ָ Ӭ ֮ ™ ߅ ָ ָ ֤ ָ Ӭ ֮ ™ ߅ ו ֿ ׮ֵ ֣ ֮ , ֟ ֋, ֮ ָ ӳֻ ֮ ֕ ֟ ָ ָ ֛ ֮ ֟ ׸ , ו ֣֮֕ ֜ ֮ ֟֋ , , ֲ ו֮֟ ֟֋ , ֻ ֤ ָ - 33 ָ ׸֮̾ ֟ , ֟ֆ 33 ָ ..(־֮֬).. ֋ ֟ ֋ , ֤֕ , ֆ ֤ ָ֤ ֻ֟ ֮ ָ , ֟ , ִָ ׿ָ ֟ , ӡ , ו ֓ ָ߲ ֮ ֲ ו ֻ֟ , ֻ ֻ֟ , ֓ ָ ֋ ִָ ׿ָ , ֤֕ , ֤֕ ִָ ׿ָ , ֟ ׿ָ օ ֯ ֛ ֵ֮ þ߸ ß֮ ִ߮ ָ ִֵ ֮ , ו ָ ӳ߸ ֮ ֛օ ָ ֻ֟ ?

ß֮ ָ֤֟ ִ֮ ָ ָ ֮ ָ ֋, ֳ ߅ ִ߮ ֮ ׮ֻ֮ ִ߮ ָ ֮ , ֮ ßֻ ß ׮ֻ ֕ ָ֟ ִ , ֮ ָ , , ֮ - ָ , ֟ ֮ ָ ׸ ״ֻ֟ ֮ ָ ֋ ִֵ , ׻֋ Ӿ և ֛ ָ ֟ ֻ֟ Ӧ ־֮ ֋Ӆ ß֮ ߟ-׾֡ , ֤ , ߟ-׾֡ י ׻֋, ׸ֻ ֋, ֮ ֛ ָ ָָ ָ ӡֵֻ ֻ , ָָ ֻ , ֟ ָ , ֮ ׮־ , ֌ ('2r/sch' ָ ָ)

SCH/3.20/2R

ָ֮ ״ (֟): ֵ֮ þ߸ , þ߸ , ו ֮ þ߸ ֮֟ ָָ ןֵӅ ָ š ָ š ׾ָ֓ , ֛ ָ֮ ׻֋ , ׌ , ִ ָ , ָ ֓ ָ, ֲ ֓ ָ , ֮

ָ ָ߲ ֻ פ 㴲և פ ׾ֿ߻ , ֓ ֲ ֮ Ӿ ֟ ׾ ָ , օ ָ ָ߲ , , ß֮ ֤ ִ ֤ ִ , ֿ߮ ָ ߮ ֵ ֤ ִ , ִ߮ ָ ߮ ֵ ֤ ִ ֻ ־ ָ , ֤ ִ ֻ ӟִָ֕ , ֤ ִ ֟ ָ ִ߮ ָ ֿ߮ ָ ߮ ָ ֋ ָ ߕ ֋

̤֕ - ך , ֲ ߮ ִ ״ֻ֟ - ֟ , ֮ ך , ֲ ֮ ߮ ִ߮ ָ ָ֟ ״֮֙ ֟ ֿ߮ ֻ ߮ פև ׻֋ ך ֟ , ֮ ߮ ִ߮ ָ ָ פև , ָ ך , פ ָ ֮ ִ߮ ָ ߮ ߴ֟ ֻ ֣-֣ ֻ ꅠ ֲ ֮, ֮ ߓ ֲ ֟ , , ָ ֻ , ׻ ֮ ֱ , ֮ ߮ ֟, ִ ֟, ִ߮ ָ ֵ ߮ ߴ֟ ָָ ִ֕ ֮ ߮ ֟ ֟ , ׮֟ ֟ , ֮ ׮ֻ ? ֮ ֡ ֮?

ß֮ ֮ ֕ ֟ , ֯ ֮֟ ֮ ? ֵ ֲ ߕ ״֡ ָָ , ָ Ϥ ֮ և , ֲ ָ ֮ ֮ ֵ ֮ ֮ - ߅ ָ, ֵ , ֮ ֮ ֮ ֓ ׻֋ ֓ ָ פ ֮ ֕ ֮ ֓ ׻֋ ֓ ֤ ֋ ָ ֕ ָ ֻ ٻִֵ ָ , , ֛-֛ ָ , ָ ֲ , ֮ և և ָ և ֟ ֵ , ֻ ֤Կ , ֮ ֮ ֮֟, ֲ ߴ

ָ ״֡ ܵ 65 , ָ ֙ ֤ ֛ ֋ꅠ ־֟ ß ָ ֵ ֋, ֮ ָ ׻֋ ֋ , ִ ״ֻ֟ ӡ , ֯ 滵 ֵ , -ִ ָ ־ ֵ , ֮֟ ׻֮ ֮ ֻ֟ , ֮֟ ֮ ֛ , ֻ ־ ֵ ֲ ָ֮ ֤ ֮ ־ ֵ ו֮֟ , ֤֮ , ֲ ߴ֟ , ֣ ֣ ָ֮ ׻ ֮ ܾ֮, ֮ ָ , ֤֕ ֤֕ , ֿ߮ ֛-ב־ ֲ ֤ ߴ֟ ֵ 2S/MCM ָ ָ

MCM-TDB/2S/3-25

ָ֮ ״ (֟) : ֮ ߴ֟ ֵ , ֮ ߴ֟ ֵ ו ֮ ֮ ֮ ֻ ָ ֤֕ ִ֟ ֤֕ , ׻ ָ ֵ֟ ֤֕, ֻ-֓ ִ ֵ֟ ֤֕, ֠ ־ ֵ ? ָ֮ ߕ........(ә)

״֮֙ ֟ , ָ ָ֮ ߕ -׻֮ ߕ֠ ־ ָ ꅠ ֟Բ ֲ ٻִֵ ָ ֵ , ֌֙ߕ ִ֮ , ׮ Ϭ֮ ӡ Ӆ ֳ֬ , - ָ ֟ -"֛ ׮ ֮ , ־ ֿ֮ ֛ ָ ׮ֻ֟ ֙, ֲ ָ , ֵָ֮֕ ߠ ֲ ֲ ָ ֟ ꅠ ־ ֿ֮ ֮ ֋ ִֵ , פ ֲ ֯ ־ ֛ ֟ ֟ ִ ָ ֲ ָ֟ ӓ ֋ ֮ ״ֻ֟ օ ӓ ߙ ֮ ӓ ֋ ֮ ֮ ߙ ֋ ֋ օ ֕ ֚ ֋ ֓ ֋ ֮ ֓ ֋ ߙ ָ ִ ֚ ֜, ָ ִ ֜ , ֲֻ ֜ ָ ֛ ֲֻ ֜ , ׸ ֋ ׸ ָ ֟ ֤ ֋ ֋ ֤ ָ ֛ ֤ ֵ ֋ ִ֕ ׸ ֋ , ֓ ֋ ߙ ֋ ߙ օ פ ֲ ָ ٻִֵ ֋ ֋ פ ֚ ֋ օ Կá ִ֮ ֛օ ָ֮ ߕ ָ ֮ ׻֮ ־ָ ָ ִ ָָ ӟ׻֟ ן ֮֮ ֛, ָ ֮ ֋, ֋օ ֛օ

ָ ֟ - ״ ָ ֮օ ֤֕ Ӭ ֵ ָ ֻ ֋ ִָ ֟ ֋߅ ״ ָ ֮ ֣ ָָ ֵֻ օ

THE VICE-CHAIRMAN (PROF. P.J. KURIEN): Your two minutes are over. ...(Interruptions)...

SHRI C. RAMACHANDRAIAH: Sir, he is giving concrete suggestions.

ָ֮ ״ : ֟ ֲֻ֕ ֋, ֳ֬ օ ִָ , ָ , ӓ ָ ִ߮ ֮ ִ, ֮ ִ, ֮ ִ, ֮ ꇵ ִ ׻־ פ ִ߮ ׻ ׻ ֮ ֵօ , օ ֕ ֮ -ָ™, ԙ, ֲ ֮ ״ ָ ֮ ָ ӳ߸ ֮ ֛ ִ߮ ׻֋ ֮ ָ ֳ֬ , ߑ ִ߮ ׻֋ ָ, ֓ ָ ֵ ֛ ָ ָ ״ ָ, ֮ ֟ ߓ ָ þ־ִֻ ֮ , ֮ ִ߮ ׿ֿ ִִ Ùև, ׌և ִִ ٙևָ ֻ ֕ ִ߮ ߓ Ը ׌ ֮ פ ִ ٙևָ ֻ ֋ ־ָ ߅ ֮ פ , ָ ֯ ֮֟ և ײΛ , ו֮֟ ֮ ߠ ֺ ֛ ִ ߕ ׻֋, ߮ ֮ ֺ ֛ (2T ָ ֿ:)

GS-KGG/2T/3.30

ָ֮ ״ (֟) : ӕֲ ֻ , ֯ ָ™, ׾֤ ԙ ֻօ ֲ֕׸ ִ֮ ֛օ ֮֯ ׾֤ ߕ ֵ, ...(ִֵ ә).. ֮ ׬ָ כ ã ־ ֵ , ֕ ֻ ָָ ִ֯ פ ..(־֮֬)..

ֳ֬ (. .. ׸֮) : ״ , ֯ ו֋

ָ֮ ״ : ֮ 70 ֵ, 80 ֵ ײ , ֮ 17 ֵ ײ ֻ֟ և ֳ֬ , ָ , ֻ כؙ ֋ ֯ ָ-ָ ָ ״֮֙ ֟ ֵ, ָ ״֮֙ ֟ ֵ, ָ ״֮֙, ָ ״֮֙ ֮ ֲ ִֻ ָ ֛ , ָָ ֮ ֵ֮ ֵ, 1500 ֵ Ԯ ֛ ֮ ָ ֵ Ԯ օ ָ ָ ֵ ֓ ׸ , Ԯ ֛օ ׸ ׻ ֮ ׻ ֟ , פ ֟ , ֲ ֟ ֕ ָָ , ֲ ֯ 1500 ֵ Ԯ ֤ ָ ֮ ײ֮ ָ ָ ָ Ԯ , ֛ ִԮ ֟ ?

ֳ֬ : ֯ ִ֯ ו֋

ָ֮ ״ : , ߓ , , ו -ӓ ֮ ׿ָ ֋, ևԾ , ָָ ֮ ֮֕ ִ ֮ ָ ָ ֱ ֮֟ ß֮ Ծ־ã ָ ָ ָ ֻ ׸ ֮ 10 ָ ֵ ֱ օ ָ ׾֢ ӡ , Ù , ֲ ֮֕ ֵ? ֟ ֮֕ פ, 㴲և פ , Ӿ ֮ և ֮֕ ָ ֲ ָ ֮ ָ , ֟ ...(ִֵ ә)... ֮֕ ָ פ ָ Ӿ ִ , ֻ ָ Ӿ ֓ , ֮ Ӿ ֓և ӟִ֕ ָ ֵ ָ ֮ ֛օ ֳ֬ , ֮֯ ә ֕ , ׻֋ ֯ ִ֮ ֮ ֟ ߓ ֟ ֮־֤

(ִ֯)

ָ : ֳ֬ , ֮ ָ ֟ ׾ֵ ָ כ֮ ָ ֛ ӡ ã֟ , ִ , ָ ß , , ֯

THE VICE-CHAIRMAN (PROF. P.J. KURIEN): Hon. Members, there are more than 20 Members who would like to speak. Only three have spoken as of now. It would be nice if those who want to speak cooperate with the Chair. Since this is an important subject, all those who want to speak should be allowed to speak. Therefore, firstly, those points which have already been stated should not be repeated. Please try to stick to the time-limit.

SHRI A. VIJAYARAGHAVAN (KERALA): Thank you, Mr. Vice-Chairman, Sir, for giving me this opportunity. We are discussing a very serious issue relating to the suicide by farmers in our country. In this august House, we have been discussing this matter continuously. In the last Session, there was a discussion; before that there was a discussion; and, again, this time, we are discussing this issue. After all the discussions, there is some assurance by the Government and it is not fulfilled and the situation gets aggravated throughout the country. This is what has happened.

Sir, nearly one lakh peasants tried to commit suicide in different parts of the country in the last ten years. Whenever you announced a package, the number of suicides increased. It was reported in the newspapers that when a package was being announced, a peasant was watching the television and he committed suicide. (Contd. by kls/2u)

KLS/2U-3.35

SHRI A. VIAYARAGHAVAN (CONTD):..because according to the criteria which was announced in the particular package was not helping the farmers but he was very much sure that this package would help him. So, he decided to commit suicide. That is what happened in this country. Sir, this is what is happening every day. There is a reason for this. Unfortunately, the Government is not at all serious about the situation which is prevailing in the villages at the grassroot level in this country. Sir, what is the main reason for suicides? The agriculture is not at all a profitable enterprise in our country even though it is providing livelihood to 62 per cent of the Indian people. So, the policy makers who are thinking about this policy must be very much careful about this factor. You have to provide livelihood to 62 per cent of the population of this country. Unfortunately, the previous Government or this Government is not at all careful about the situation. Sir, the investment in agriculture has come down from 14.9 per cent in the First Five Year Plan to only 5.2 per cent during the Tenth Plan. It is coming down. With regard to the GDP ratio for agriculture investment, if you see and go through the figures for the last seven years, it has come down from 1.6 per cent of the GDP to 1.3 per cent of the GDP in those seven years. This is the situation. Investment is coming down and what is the result of this fall in the investment? The farmers have to invest for themselves more and more. The public investment is coming down. The Government is not investing. So, the farmer is forced to invest. What is the situation, which is prevailing in this country? Sir, you see now the expenditure on agriculture, rural development, irrigation, flood control, village industry, etc. has come down. At the same time, there has been a considerable increase in the prices of important farm inputs during the last five years. For example, during 1990-91 to 1995-96, the average Wholesale Price Index increased by 58 per cent. The total agricultural inputs cost, for fertiliser it increased more by 113 per cent, for irrigation 62 per cent, for diesel 75 per cent than the level of 1991. So, Sir, the cost of inputs for the farmers is increasing day by day. But there is a fall in the prices of agricultural products. The prices are coming down. What is the situation? You are telling our poor farmers to go and compete with the international farmers. With regard to the total subsidy throughout the world, I would submit that it is 300 billion dollars and in which 250 billion dollars have been spent in 21 developed countries. But this poor nation, whatever they are spending, it is only one-sixth of the total subsidy. In this country, you are reducing subsidy. What will happen is that, naturally, foreign countries and persons from other countries and especially the multinational companies, which are doing agricultural activity, are getting a chance of dumping their products in this country. What happened to cotton from Maharashtra? With regard to cotton, if you think of a farmer from the US, the subsidy and the access to international supply at lower prices is also because of the direct and indirect subsidy, leading to dumping for the US. During the period from 1998 to 2003 the cotton prices in the US were lower than the cost of production, by more than 50 per cent on average. That is the situation. It is very much possible for them to come here and dump it here. What is the situation in this country? Here since the removal of the Quantitative Restrictions huge import of cotton came to this country because of more subsidies in that country. The cotton is coming to this country. Naturally, subsidies have gone down in our country and the prices have gone down from the Minimum Support Price of Rs.2000 to Rs.1800. That is what has happened in this country. This is the situation of our cotton farmers. The cost of pesticides has increased, the cost of inputs has increased, and cost of every thing has increased. The prices have come down. Naturally, they are forced to go and commit suicide and the Government is a mere watchman Is the Cricket Board President a night watchman? What is the situation? ...(Interruptions)...

SHRI N. JOTHI: Why are you supporting the Government? ...(Interruptions)... You are also responsible. ...(Interruptions)... There is a vicarious liability. ...(Interruptions)...

(Contd by 2W)

SSS/2W/3.40

THE VICE-CHAIRMAN (PROF. P. J. KURIEN): Don't yield. Don't yield.

SHRI A. VIJAYARAGHAVAN (CONTD.): Mr. Vice-Chairman, Sir, I would like to submit on the serious gravity of the situation. What has happened in this august House? The hon. Finance Minister was forced to admit the situation, when he addressed in this august House, when we had discussion with regard to the prices. I quote Sir, "This a larger question. This must be debated thoroughly. Just take rice. I did not go back very far. Let me go back to only 1993-94. In 1993-94, in the case of Kharif crop, 80 million tons was the total rice production. It remained more or less at the same level for about seven or eight years and went up to 89 million tons in 1998-99. Since, then, it has remained the same. Take wheat. Since 1998-99, wheat has been up to the level of about 70-71 million tons. Take cereals together, since 1998-99, it has been at the level of 190 million tons. 2002-03 was a bad year. It went down to 160 million tons or so". I pointed out that there has been no major scientific technological breakthrough. After the first Green Revolution, there has been no major breakthrough in the production of rice or wheat or pulses. This is the condition. You are admitting. Your own Government is admitting. How are you going to change the situation? You have to answer this nation. How are you going to change the on-going policies? What is your policy with regard to the situation, which is prevailing in this country, and with regard to the suicide of farmers? How are you going to resolve this issue? You have to give an answer to this nation. That is my humble request to the nation. Then, Sir, with regard to the Minimum Support Price, what is happening? Here, some intellectuals, some experts from Jawaharlal Nehru University who never go to the field are doing heavy exercise from their office and they are coming up with suggestions. Is it helpful to the farmers? That is the question. What is the situation? Not a single support price for the last ten years has met the cost of cultivation, except sugarcane for two years -- he is from Maharashtra -- except for sugarcane, that too for two years, it is almost adjustable. Sir, the average gap in the Minimum Support Price and the cost of cultivation per crop as per the figures worked out to be, following in terms of each crop, over the period of eight years, from 1996-2004. The difference is given in the minus per cent, from the price asked for and granted; paddy: -38 per cent, bajra: -48 per cent, groundnut: -32 per cent; cotton: -38 per cent, sunflower, -50 per cent. I do not want to go into other details. This is the situation. So we are discussing about the Minimum Support Price. What is the condition? You have to change it. If we think about all the crops which are being cultivated and the loss to the cultivators, the loss for the cultivators varies from 38 per cent at the minimum to 50 per cent at the maximum. This is the situation. Except sugarcane, whatever cultivating items are there, this is the situation. The farmers are losing everything. Sir, now I come of my State, Kerala. Sir, my State has turned to cash crops. Sir, you must be aware that in my State, 60 per cent of the total gross crop area is meant for cash crops. What happens to the cash crops after this policy? What is the fate of the coffee farmer in the Wayanad district and the Idukki District? In a small district like Wayanad, more than 351 farmers committed suicides. Day-by-day it is increasing.

THE VICE-CHAIRMAN (PROF. P. J. KURIEN): Even now it is happening.

SHRI A. VIJAYARAGHAVAN: What is the reason for the sharp fall in the price of coffee? Everywhere this report is coming. It is the same situation with pepper. You know this country is producing nearly 95 per cent of the total pepper. Kerala is producing for this nation. It is for export and we are getting foreign currency. For all these export commodities, prices of cash crops have fallen. Is there any programme with this Government to help the cash crop farmers in Kerala? This is the question put by the people of Kerala. Do you have any proposal, any programme, as far as your programmes are concerned? As far as the Ministry of Agriculture is concerned, they are totally unaware of the situation because his hands are tied. (Contd. by NBR/2X)

-SSS/NBR-ASC/2X/3.45.

SHRI A. VIJAYARAGHAVAN (CONTD.): ...because his hands are tied. He does not have any power. He will say, 'go to the Commerce Ministry.' What is its right on agriculture? You are saying that this does not come under agriculture. You are saying cashew is not agriculture, coffee is not agriculture, rubber is not agriculture, coconut is not agriculture, then what is agriculture? Sir, see the situation. The farmers are committing suicides. The Government is just standing in between. No role for this Government! What is this? The Government has to come out with a specific proposal. There should be a special package for Kerala. The situation is very bad there. The hon. Minister was kind enough to give some help to three districts. But, Sir, we have fourteen districts. Cash crops grow right from Kasaragode to Kanyakumari. Helping only three districts will not solve the problem. So, give a special package for Kerala. Considering the situation and the variety of crops, especially cash crops and the crop pattern in Kerala, the Central Government has to give a special package and special assistance for Kerala. It should not be delayed. I hope, when the hon. Minister will give reply to this debate, he will announce a special package for Kerala, looking at the problems being faced by farmers in Kerala.

Then, Sir, we have to think about some specific programmes. The first thing is about the institutional loan. What is the role of banks? I don't want to take more time. The Central Government says to banks that they have to give a minimum of 18 per cent loan to farmers. Which nationalised bank is giving 18 per cent loan? What about the private banks? They are giving only 8 per cent or 7 per cent. And, what is the recommendation of Swaminathan Commission? It has recommended to give 30 per cent loan. What is the proposal of this Government? How are you going to provide more institutional loan to farmers? It was reported in The Hindu that a farmer owns three acres. He has been asking a loan amount of only Rs. 18,000. It was reported on 8th in The Hindu. The report says and I quote, "I own three acres and needed Rs. 18,000 crop loan. The bank gave me Rs. 5,000. How am I supposed to do anything with that? " This is the news item. He has three acres of land and you are giving just Rs. 5,000! What will he do with Rs. 5,000? For a farmer this bank is giving Rs. 5,000! What will he do? He has no option but to commit suicide. What is this? Are we so inhumane towards the farmers of this country? This is very bad. You have to change the situation.

And, the Swaminathan Commission recommended to give loans to farmers at the rate of 4 per cent. Are you ready to give it? This is my question to the Government. I am expecting a positive reply from the Government.

I now come to the market. Sir, middlemen are taking away 60 per cent and the farmer is getting only 40 per cent. You please enter into the market and do something for them.

Then, I request the hon. Minister to increase the Minimum Support Price. And, the Government should also save the farmers from the clutches of moneylenders. So, Sir, this Government has to come out with some specific proposals. There should be an enhancement in the inputs. That should be done. You have to provide more irrigational facilities. More infrastructure has to be developed. On these lines, specific and concrete proposals and programmes before the nation should be placed by the Government...(Time-bell)...I am just concluding.

Finally, I would like to say that if you forget the farmer then think about those who are sitting on my right. They have campaigned 'India shining minus farmers.' They are sitting there. And, you are talking about only 8 per cent and 9 per cent GDP growth and the there is a zero per cent GDP growth for farmer and he is committing suicide. If you forget the farmer, I don't know the future of this Government. If this policy continues, I cannot help this Government. So, Sir, you have to change the policies in favour of farmer. We are expecting loans to the farmers at the rate of 4 per cent from this Government. I hope the Finance Minister will give a positive reply for the poor farmers who are committing suicide and who are on the verge of committing suicide.

With these few words, I conclude. Thank you.

(Ends)

SHRI N. JOTHI (TAMIL NADU): Sir, I appreciate every word of the hon. Member. Why don't they go to the President and withdraw support to this Government? If you withdraw the support, both the farmer and the country would be saved....(Interruptions)...

SHRI TAPAN KUMAR SEN: That would be more dangerous for the country...(Interruptions)...

SHRI N. JOTHI: Why are you standing up here and talking? You must talk about this at the Coordination Committee meeting, to the Congress people, not here...(Interruptions)...

SHRI PENUMALLI MADHU: Sir, what is this?...(Interruptions)...

THE VICE-CHAIRMAN (PROF. P.J. KURIEN): Now, Mr. P.G. Narayanan...(Interruptions)...Mr. Jothi don't waste time. Mr. Narayanan, please start...(Interruptions)... (FOLLOWED BY USY "2Y")

NBR-USY/3.50/2Y

SHRI P.G. NARAYANAN (TAMIL NADU): Mr. Vice-Chairman, Sir, the suicides by the farmers is a very serious problem which confronts our country. Almost eight States are affected with this problem. Even in a State, like, Kerela, which has the highest literacy rate and health standards, there had been suicide deaths. If you analyse why there had been suicide deaths in Kerala, you will only come to the conclusion that lack of irrigation facility is one of the main reasons for suicide by the farmers. Deaths have occurred in the Wynad region of Kerela, which falls in the rain shadow region.

THE VICE-CHAIRMAN (PROF. P.J. KURIEN): Not only in Wynad, but in other districts also.

SHRI P.G. NARAYANAN: Sir, this particular area has no irrigation facility. Most of the areas where deaths have occurred -- be it Telangana or Vidarbha -- lack irrigation facilities. So, the suicides by the farmers is taking place in the water-deficit areas and the rain shadow regions. The Government of India is not serious about implementing the 'river linking scheme' between Himalayan rivers and peninsular rivers. The political class in Northern India, especially in Hindi heartland, is sabotaging the river-linking programme for the past several years. States like U.P., Bihar and West Bengal are the principal opponents. Political leaders in these three States talk of nationalism and internationalism, but they are not willing to spare water for the water-deficit areas, like, Vidarbha, Telangana or Tamil Nadu. One of the reasons behind the naxalite problem in these regions is the lack of irrigation facility. The Central Government, ruled by the so-called nationalist parties, like, the BJP and the Congress are bent upon treating the water-deficit areas as their colonies. When there was a demand from the entire Southern India that Himalayan and peninsular rivers should be linked, our former Prime Minister, Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee, had finalized a Rs. 30,000 crore scheme for linking rivers in Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh. Mr. Vajpayee was only interested in the welfare of the people of Northern India. The same is the case with the Congress Party. That is why BJP will never win the seats from the South India and the Congress Party is slowly losing its ground. Very soon both the so-called nationalist parties will be reduced to the status of regional parties. (Interruptions) The Central Government should not act in a partisan manner and should work in the interest of farmers all over the country. (Interrruptions) If irrigational facilities are provided by linking rivers, like, the Ganges with Cauvery, there will be no suicide by the farmers of Vidarbha or Telangana or Wynad region. These three regions account for ninety per cent of the suicide deaths. So, it is high time that the Central Government should think about implementing the river-linking programme. I would like to suggest to the comrades from West Bengal not to play a second fiddle to the political parties, like, the Congress Party, which is not willing to implement the river-linking programme for the reasons better known to them. I appeal to them to give a helping hand to alleviate poverty in Vidarbha, Telangana and other areas. (Contd. by 2z -- VP)

VP/AKG/3.55/2Z

SHRI P.G. NARAYANAN (CONTD.): Sir, the CPM swears by Marx. And, Marx only preached the rule of the proletariats. So, they should rise above parochial considerations and address the issues of poverty and suicide deaths. Sir, I would like to inform the House that the AIADMK Government headed by my leader, Puratchi Thalaivi, had ensured that there were no suicide deaths in Tamil Nadu despite the fact that Karnataka did not allow water from the Cauvery River. And, therefore, 80 per cent of the crops in the State ...(Interruptions)...

SHRI B.K. HARIPRASAD: There are no suicide deaths in Tamil Nadu. There are suicide deaths in Karnataka because.....(Interruptions)...

THE VICE-CHAIRMAN (PROF. P.J. KURIEN): Mr. Jothi, please sit down....(Interruptions)... Mr. Hariprasad, you can speak later, not now. ...(Interruptions)... No; no. ...(Interruptions)...Mrs. Cariappa, you can speak later, not now. ...(Interruptions)... Don't speak now. ...(Interruptions)... Mr. Hariprasad, please....(Interruptions)... Mr. Narayanan, you are losing your time. ...(Interruptions)... So, you complete your points. ...(Interruptions)...

SHRI P.G. NARAYANAN: Sir, they are interrupting. ...(Interruptions)...

THE VICE-CHAIRMAN: You continue your speech. ...(Interruptions)... You please continue. ...(Interruptions)... Don't get interrupted by them. ...(Interruptions)... Please complete.

SHRI P.G. NARAYANAN: My Leader, during her rule, launched a unique scheme called the Farmers' Security Scheme for the welfare of farmers and agricultural labourers. One crore and 37 lakh farmers and agricultural labourers were benefited at all stages of their life from cradle to grave. This unique scheme has been done away with by the present anti-agriculturist DMK Government for political reasons. This model scheme, that is, the Farmers' Security Scheme, initiated by my Leader in Tamil Nadu, if implemented all over the country, can prevent most of the sufferings of farmers, including suicide deaths. In foreign countries, like China and the U.S., loans are provided to farmers at the lowest rate of interest. But, in India, we are charging more. So, I appeal to the Government that the rate of interest should be reduced to the minimum. They should not charge more than four per cent rate of interest for the loans advanced to the farmers. Thank you, Sir. (Ends)

THE VICE-CHAIRMAN (PROF. P.J. KURIEN) : Thank you Mr. Narayanan for sticking to the time. You had eight minutes and you stuck to that. Thank you very much. That is a good example for others also. Shri Manohar Joshi.

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