PREVIOUS HOUR

MCM-NBR/3B/4-00

׻ (֟) : ו֮֟ ֲ ӓ , ӓ ֟ - ֤ , ֯ ֮ ׬׸ ִע ӓ 녠 ׬ָ Ӳ׬֟ , , ӓ ו֋ ֤ ָ ֮ ִע ٕ֟ Ӿ ָ ״ֻ֮ ִ , ֤ ֵ ә , ײ֛ ו ߔ Ӿ ָ ״ֻ, ߸ ָ ״ֻ, ֻ ֤ ֵ וֻ ֤ ׬ָ , ֻ ֟ Ӿ ֤ ֟

֮־ָ, þã ִֻ , ֮֮ Ӿ ֤ ? Ӿ ָ 000 ֯ , 000 ָ ï׻Ù ֌ օ ֟ֆ ׮֮֬ ָ ֟ ֮֟ ֤ߵ ϳ , ָ ֺ ߅ ֲ Ӿ ֋ ֓ , ׯ֮ ֲ ïֻ֟ ֟ ֓ ֓ ָ ֟ ß ָ ֻ ָ ֮֮ ד֟ ֟ , ֮ ֛ ֟ , ֟ ָ ֮ ֟ ߅ ֮־ָ, ֯ þã ִֻ ן ׮֬׸ ֌ , ֯ ִ , ן ֮և ßָ ָ, և ֮ ו֋, ïֻ֟ ֺ ãׯ֟ ו֋ ֵֻܵ ָ ֛ Ӿ , וִ ָ ׾֬֋ , ָ , , ֓ ֌ , ֟ֆ ֌ , ָ ִ ֌ , ָ ߴָ Ӿ Ӿ ֕ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ׾ֳ ֯ ׾ֳ ֻ ߴָ ִ , þã ִ ֮־ָ, -߮ ״֮֙ ִֵ , ֮֯ ִֵ פ ֳָ

֮־ָ, ֯ ֯ ׾ֳ ֕֙ ϓָ-ָ ֻ ֟ ֯ ׬ָ ßָ ָ ֵ , ֯ ׬ָ Ӿ ӓֵ֟ ו ֯ 000 -ִ ׾ ׬ָ ꅠ š ϓָ-ָ ? ׾֮֯ ֮ ֛-֛ ־ Ӿ ׾ ֕֙ ִ ֻ ֟ פ ִ ׮׿֟ ֯ خ , ߤָ , וֻ ֯ ٛ ׬ָ , ָ ֵ ִ , ֮߮ Ӿ ׾ օ ֲ Ӿ ־֮ ָ ״ֻ, þã ؓ֟ ֯ , ֲ ״ ָ ֮ ִ ֯ , ֵ֤ ״ ָ ֵ ֙ ִֻ : ֯ ֙ ֤ ֵ, ו֮֟ 000 , ׿֟ ֟ 00 סֵ ׬ָ ֱ ׻֋ ֛ ׸ָ ׳֛ ֋, ֌ ֛ ׾ָ , ֮ ֻ֟ ָ ֮־ָ, ™ָ֓ ׻֋ 000 ִ ָ ֋ ָ , ִ ׿֟ , ֯ ִ֬ ֮־֤ (ִ֯)

SHRIMATI PREMA CARIAPPA (KARNATAKA): Sir, I rise to speak on the working of the Ministry of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj. In respect of the Ministries of Rural Development, I will concentrate only on a few subjects such as, employment in rural areas, drinking water, Total Sanitation Progamme, SGSRY, Self Help Groups and development of wasteland.

Sir, in respect of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj, I will speak a little bit of the working of panchayats.

Sir, the Ministry of Rural Development is very important, because 70 per cent of our population live in villages, in rural areas, and they are agriculturists and produce agriculture-related products. So, it is very sad that the people in rural areas, the farmers, are depending only on the seasonal rainfall. Due to lack of planned irrigation and scanty rainfall, farmer has to suffer. And, there has been drought in the last four to five years. Many people had borrowed loans from banks, cooperative societies and moneylenders. As they could not repay the loans that they had taken, they had to commit suicide because there was no other source of income for them. Also, there was no other opportunity in the rural areas where they can generate money.

Rural youth, usually, migrate to cities in search of jobs. They make urban areas congested and the cities are chocked.

(CONTD. BY USY "3C")

USY/3C/4.05

SHRIMATI PREMA CARIAPPA (CONTD.): Sir, it is very important that we give urban facilities in the rural areas, like, good educational institutions, hospitals, good marketing facilities and agro-based industries, which generate employment opportunities, and where the youth of the villages get employment in the rural areas, where they can generate money and can repay the money that they have taken. Our charismatic and esteemed leader, Shrimati Sonia Gandhi, and the Prime Minister understood this phenomenon and brought a historic legislation, that is, the Rural Employment Guarantee Act to provide employment to the youths for 100 days in a calendar year. The dream has come true, for which the rural India is indebted to Soniaji and the hon. Prime Minister. The Minister of Rural Development also deserves congratulations for playing its role in this regard. Initially, this Act is extended to 200 districts. Later on, it will be taken up in all the districts of the country. At the same time, the Government has to be cautious in implementing the Rural Employment Guarantee Act. People, in rural areas, should not depend only on this "100 days' work". Other rural employment generation programmes, like, promoting village industries, agro-based industries, poultries, rearing livestock, piggery, beekeeping, etc. should also continue. These days, growing good flowers is also profitable because there is increase in export of flowers. Apart from this, the Ministry has to work for providing transportation and good marketing facilities to encourage the village industries.

The Ministry has launched Total Sanitation Campaign for the accelerated sanitation coverage in rural areas. As per the 2001 Census, 10.8 crore households in rural areas were without toilets. They attend the nature call in the open. This is directly affecting the women and the girls. They have to wait up to the sunset to go out. It is very dangerous because, in the dark, they may have snakebite or scorpio bite. Sometimes, it is also dangerous for the girls as they may be molested or raped. So, I request the hon. Minister to see that every household in the rural areas should have toilet facilities. And, it should be taken up on priority basis. Sir, I had been to Ahmedabad yesterday. There, I saw the Total Sanitation Programme. They were giving training to the professionals, students, health workers and NGOs about this scheme. They have a very beautiful building. They call it safai vidyalaya. So, they have a very beautiful building where they impart this training. Many people from different parts of the country, from different parts of the State go there and take the training. I would like to request the hon. Minister to see that such centres are opened in all the States so that they need not go all the way to Ahmedabad to have training.

Sir, drinking water is another important subject. The Minister of Rural Development is looking after that. The Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission provides drinking water and sanitation in rural areas. Now, the groundwater level is going down. The tube wells are also drying up. People suffer due to lack of water. At so many places, the women have to walk 2-3 kilometres to fetch water. Lady has to suffer again. She has to see that her children go to school by 8 o' clock in the morning, and husband goes to work. She has to cook the food; she has to bathe her children and wash their clothes. For this, she requires water. When there is no water, she has to suffer. Without water, no work can be done. (Contd. by 3d -- VP)

VP/4.10/3D

SHRIMATI PREMA CARIAPPA (CONTD.): Not only the human beings, even birds, animals and plants need water, which is very important. Hence, the Government has brought this Rajiv Gandhi National Drinking Water Mission where 90 per cent of the money is put by the Centre and 10 per cent by the State or the Panchayats. Water crisis is very severe not only in drought prone areas like deserts of Rajasthan, certain parts of Gujarat, and other places, but, Sir, even my home State Karnataka also has to suffer without water. In my home State water is contaminated by salinity in Bijapur, Belgaum, Raichur, Bellary and Dharwad, by fluoride in Tumkur, Kolar, Bangalore, Gulbarga, and by heavy metals in Bhadravati. So, I request the hon. Minister to install treatment plants and testing laboratories in all the places so that the people get good water to drink.

Then, I come to the implementation of the Swarna Jayanti Gram Swarojgar Yojana. Here, self-help groups are doing very well. Ladies have formed many groups where banks are giving loans to them and women are doing an excellent job, and they earn Rs. 800 to Rs. 1000. But I request the hon. Ministers to speak to the Finance Minister and reduce the interest rate. The interest rate charged by them is high and these ladies are requesting that it should be reduced. I hope the Minister will look into it and get the interest rate cut down. Sir, though these self-help groups have formed hundreds of groups in different parts of the country, and most of the women of Southern States also produce so many products, but they do not have marketing facilities. So, even if they have to have their products exhibited, they have to book a hall or a chaultry or community centres, but they have to pay a heavy rent. I would request the hon. Minister to inform the Government buildings, Government halls to give halls free of cost so that it will help these ladies to exhibit their produce.

THE VICE-CHAIRMAN (SHRI KALRAJ MISHRA) : Please conclude now.

SHRIMATI PREMA CARIAPPA: Sir, I will conclude after making one or two points. They also need marketing facilities. I hope the hon. Minister will look into it.

Another point is regarding wasteland. There is so much of wasteland; about 63.85 million hectares. These can be given to the jobless people so that they can grow forests and medicinal plants and that will generate employment.

Regarding Panchayati Raj, Sir, the 74th Amendment was brought by Shri Rajiv Gandhi. Thirty three per cent reservation for women has been implemented. Thirty three per cent women are there in every Panchayat and in local body. In Karnataka about 45 per cent of the selected offices are occupied by women. In Uttar Pradesh 54 per cent of Zilla Panchayat Pradhans are women. Similarly, in Tamil Nadu 36 per cent Chairpersons of Gram Panchayats are women. Sir, in Karnataka, the three-tier system is there and Gram Panchayats, Taluka and Zilla Panchayats are working very hard. Gram Panchayat which is the lowest level in a village looks after the task of improving agriculture, art and culture, providing good infrastructure like roads, culverts and maintaining them and providing drinking water. But, unfortunately, the grant we will give to the village Panchayat is not enough. I request the hon. Minister to see that they get more funds to perform effectively.

Another point is regarding the five years' term and the rotation system. Every elected body has to undergo training and every five years, we will have to change it. I request the hon. Minister to see that the term instead of five years, it should be ten years. There should be ten years term not only for women, but for everybody so that they can work effectively and the training can also be given one time. Thank you very much for giving me the opportunity. I have so much to say, but you are not giving me enough time. Thank you. (Ends)

(Followed by PK/3E)

PK/3E/4.15

SHRI B.S. GNANADESIKAN (TAMIL NADU): Sir, I am happy to participate in the discussion of the Ministries of Panchayati Raj and Rural Development. Both the Ministries are interwoven, and we have very excellent Ministers heading the two Ministries, doing wonderful job. One hails from my State; therefore, I am proud of it. Sir, in the Annual Report, aptly, they have quoted the words of Vivekananda that the real India lives in the villages; therefore, the strengthening of Panchayati Raj, can be done only by providing proper schemes, through rural development schemes. This is the saying of Vivekananda. Sir, the poet Bharathi, from Tamil Nadu said,"if we cannot

THE VICE-CHAIRMAN (SHRI DATTA MEGHE ) IN THE CHAIR

provide food for even a single individual, destroy this world." These are the words of Poet Bharathi. The object of various schemes, involving crores of rupees, evolving schemes or projects, is only to uplift the rural poor and also to eradicate poverty in the villages. Sir, the object of our Panchayati Raj System, which was a dream of our late Rajivji is only to develop the local-level leadership, political empowerment, enhancing the ordinary man and empowering him the political leadership at the grass-root level. Only with these objects, the 73rd Amendment was made; on the basis of which now several enactments have been made by various States, creating Panchayati Raj Institutions, making reservations for the women. As far as statistics goes, out of 22 lakh Panchayat Presidents in this country, 9 lakh women are occupying these positions, and 59,000 women as Panchayat Chairpersons, at all the three levels, is one of the greatest achievements which we have achieved in free India.

Sir, one aspect is this. We frame schemes, we plan, but at the time of implementation, there are a lot of difficulties. The reason may be the federal structure of our country, because the funds are allotted by the Centre, the schemes are framed by the Centre, with the good intention, the projects are made, and, then, funds are transferred to the States. Every political party says that States should be given a free hand, States should have a free autonomy, States must have a free right to do and to decide things on their own, and Centre's intervention should be only limited. But when it comes to the local self-Governments, which is, panchayats, when the Panchayats ask more power, no State is prepared to give. This is the position in this country. There are two, three aspects which I want to touch, because many of my learned colleagues have said many things. The one is regarding the five year term, which our esteemed colleagues, Dr. Prabha Thakur and Shrimati Prema Cariappa, have already spoken about it. Sir, five-year term is not sufficient. The reason is, they acquire knowledge, they get a training, and when they are about to settle down, their term ends. In Tamil Nadu, we have ten-year reservation. Except Tamil Nadu, I don't think any other State is having ten-year reservation. Therefore, there should be a uniform policy for ten years' reservation in every State. There are several lacuna in enacting the local laws in various States. For instance, as far as Tamil Nadu is concerned, there are direct elections to the Mayor. (Contd. by 3F/PB)

PB/3F/4.20

SRHI B.S. GNANADESIKAN (CONTD.): For Municipal Chairman, there is a direct election. What happens, the Ward Councillors are elected on different party tickets. Suppose in a given situation, the Municipal Chairman or a Mayor belongs to one political party and the Councillors and the Ward Members in the municipal town belongs to other political parties, then this type of situation is very awkward. The Mayor or the Municipal Chairman cannot do anything. Unless he satisfies the other Members of the Council or the Corporation, he cannot function. Therefore, I request the hon. Minister to see that while enacting a law, though it is not within our purview, kindly call the Chief Ministers of all the States and try to arrive at a consensus on both the issues, namely, on the issue of reservation of women and with reference to the electoral process and also on other issues which I have already mentioned.

Sir, I agree with my esteemed colleague, Shri Abani Roy. I also feel very strongly that politics should not be there in local bodies. We have enough of politics in Assembly elections and parliamentary elections. Therefore, at least, at the local level, in the local bodies, there need not be any political party. But, at the same time, I would like to say that if you want a political system to survive at that level, I request that the system which should be followed should be similar to the system which we follow in parliamentary democracy and assembly democracy, namely, the majority which captures the Council or Corporation or the majority party which captures the Municipal Council, the Collector should call the leader of that party to be the Municipal Chairman or the Mayor of the Corporation. The same system which is followed in parliamentary elections as well as in Assembly elections, should be followed at the level of local bodies also. As a result of it, the problem, which arises on account of the Ward Councillors, the Chairman and the Mayor belonging to different parties, will be solved. That is my suggestion for the hon. Minister to evolve.

Sir, we talk so much about the schemes. But when we plan schemes, it does not percolate down to the grassroots level. That is what our great Rajivji said. He said, 'When we plan and transfer hundred rupees from Delhi, it is only one rupee which reaches the village.' That is the system because there is a dilution, transfer or diversion of funds. That has to be monitored properly by the Ministry. The job of the Ministries or the Union is not only to allot funds, which is from the tax-payers' money, but the job of the Ministry as well as our Union Government is also to see that the accountability has to be fixed at the local level. The accountability should be fixed at the State level, and there should be a proper accountability and also the implementation of the project at the local level. The representatives of the people, the MPs and the MLAs, must be allowed to inspect it. They must be allowed to scrutinise the records, and, if necessary, they should send a report to the concerned Union Ministers as well as the concerned Ministries. If this system is not followed, what happens is that the distribution is not proper. We call it local-self Government. The word used is 'local self-Government'. But they are at the mercy of Tehsildars. The Presidents are at the mercy of Tehsildars. They are at the mercy of Collectors; they are at the mercy of local MLA or local MP. No Panchayat President can decide anything on his own. He does not know what is the scheme, which is meant for his village. He doesn't know what the law is. He does not know from where he can get it. He entirely depends upon the bureaucracy for effective functioning at the local level. This system has to change. Unless you change that system, whatever amount of money, crores of rupees, which you may transfer from the Centre to the various States and to the local bodies, I don't think we will have a transformation of the real village panchayat, the local self-government.

Sir, our hon. Prime Minister has said that effective and sustainable poverty alleviation could be achieved only by empowering Panchayati Raj institutions in letter and spirit. So, Sir, that has to be achieved, if you want the real panchayat system. Our hon. Prime Minister has also said 'create rural business hubs in the villages'. In this direction, the Ministry has also taken steps and the private-public-panchayat cooperation and cooperation from other sectors is now sought in this regard. They are trying in that direction. Sir, I compliment the UPA Government on two aspects. I compliment the UPA Government for two important schemes. One is, the Rural Employment Guarantee Act, which is for guaranteeing minimum employment. The other is, the dream of our Prime Minister and my leader Soniaji of 'Bharat Nirman Porject'. These two projects are the best projects in free India for eradication of poverty and to uplift the rural poor in this country. (Contd. by 3g/SKC)

3G/4.25/SKC

SHRI B.S. GNANADESIKAN (CONTD.): The manifesto of Congress Party promises all these things, which have been agreed upon by all the political parties supporting this Government in their Common Minimum Programme, which this Government, over the last two years, have been implementing faithfully and fruitfully.

Sir, I would take only two minutes more. Nearly Rs. 24,480 crores were made available to the Ministry of Rural Development in 2005-06 and Rs. 31,443.62 crores is the estimate for 2006-07, which is an enormous amount that has been allotted by the UPA Government for this purpose.

Sir, land reforms is one of the important aspects, which many hon. Members have stressed upon. I would request, Sir, when we distribute lands to the landless poor, we need not distribute one acre, half acre or two acres; he cannot do anything with that. I would, therefore, urge upon the hon. Minister to form cooperative societies and allot large areas of lands, so that they could collectively use modern mechanisms and techniques for agricultural operations. Unless that system is followed, merely giving half or one acre to the landless poor would not solve the problem; he cannot do anything.

Sir, hon. Member, Dr. P.C. Alexander, talked about new schools and healthcare in the village. I wish to quote an incident here. When Shri Kamaraj, the late Chief Minister and leader of Tamil Nadu, was there, he implemented the programme of education in the rural areas. The procedure that he followed was, an Education Officer would go with the officials to a village, call all the villagers to a common place and say -- 'We have come here to open a school. Can anyone here provide a rent-free school building? This does not happen nowadays, but in those days one of the rich men would come forward and say -- take my house. That house would be converted into a school. The blackboard would be there in the jeep. It is immediately shifted there. Then, the Education Officer would say -- this is the teacher for your village. It was called the 'Ore Asiriyar' system, which meant 'one teacher for each village. That system was adopted when Shri Kamaraj was there. Though on account of a number of statutory rules, it is not possible to make on-the-spot appointments nowadays, that system needs to be taken as a guideline for the purpose of improving education and healthcare.

Sir, many of the villagers are finding it difficult even to test blood pressure, which is one of the simplest things. There is no equipment, no persons available in the rural villages. Some measures should be there in the rural villages to provide minimum healthcare, for diabetes and blood pressure, so that at least they could go to the town, and have a massive check up later. This is the minimum guarantee; a man requires a minimum of these things in a village.

Sir, nearly 1,46,00,185 kilometres of rural roads are going to be laid. Constructing roads is not sufficient. Creating the capacity for a man to travel on that road is more important. Therefore, rural roads alone would not make a man in a village travel to the urban areas. The capacity to travel on that road is one of the prime needs, which needs to be provided by the Ministry.

Sir, I wish to say one sentence. A French scholar sarcastically said, "the law in its majestic equality, treated the rich as well as poor alike, namely, it prohibits the rich and the poor to sleep under the bridge, steal a bread and beg in the street.' That is the law. Now, the poor is suffering and the Government's responsibility is to save the poor.

Sir, the power and prestige of the British crown depends upon the person who wears it. The Union Government's power and prestige is also with the person who heads it. We are proud that Dr. Manmohan Singh is leading this Government. Thank you, Sir.

(Ends)

DR. RADHAKANT NAYAK (ORISSA): Thank you very much, Sir. I would like to raise only two small points for the consideration of the two hon. Ministers.

Sir, any institution is measured or assessed in terms of its structure and its functions. In terms of structure, we have a perfect model. But in terms of functions, it is caught up with a large number of procedural rigmaroles. You are aware of the structure, Sir. We have the Central Government, the State Government, District at the Zilla Parishad. We have a three-tier system here and again, a three-tier system at the ground level -- the Zilla Parishad, the Panchayat Samiti, Wards and the Village Committees. (Contd. by 3H)

HK/3h/4.30

DR. RADHAKANT NAYAK (CONTD.): With these nine steps in order to have any kind of procedure to evolve a coherent or a simplified procedure is extremely difficult. Whether any kind of study has been made in order to evaluate the structure of Panchayats, as well as their functions, the way they function. Sir, you are aware that the letter of the law says that we cannot omit any of these levels in this nine-fold structure. I would like to know whether any thought is being given for level jumping; whether any thought is being given in order to eliminate one or two levels; whether any study is being made or any thought is being given which is extremely important for us because from the time, Sir, a law is passed from here -- from the Parliament; from the Government -- it definitely takes not less than six months when it reaches the village level. It is in that context, Sir, that we have to find out whether the kind of model that we have created will really subserve the interest of the people. I would like to know whether a model like Chinese Communes or the Israeli Kibutzs at the local level can be created so that the model that we have created or the structures that we have set up will be somewhat more functional or somewhat more effective. Sir, in terms of procedures I only want to highlight one point. Just as our society is stratified, the villages are also highly stratified, and there we have two kinds of leaderships that have been thrown up by the system. One is the traditional leadership pattern and the other is the modern leadership pattern which the Panchayats have created. There is a perennial conflict between these two kinds of leaderships. One is informal and the other is formal. Definitely, in a democratic set-up, no formal institution of any kind can be free from politics and naturally when politics is injected into this structure at the lowest level, you know what happens. The poor remains somewhere else, and the programmes are implemented the way it is to be done as we understand. Sir, in such a situation, the participatory mechanism that has been evolved has not, at all, got into any kind of effectiveness and, therefore, there is non-participation replete at the ground level because either women or untouchables or tribals, as many of our hon. Members have spoken, remain outside the Panchayati Raj System. They are either excluded or they become totally silent as any other silent body could remain. It is in that context, Sir, that I would very humbly suggest to both the Ministers, who are very wise and, at the same time, are very experienced, whether any study is being made to find out that the structure that we have evolved and the functions that we have entrusted to each of these levels are yielding the best possible results. The second small point that I want to add is: What is this urban-rural continuum and to what extent this continuum is going to have information inflow as well as information outflow? In that context, Sir, whether the system that is invoked at the ground level will, at all, help us to build some kind of a social or rural capital at the ground level. Sir, in economic terms, we think of growth of the country at the rate of 8 per cent, 9 per cent, or 10 per cent. But in what way, to what extent and in what manner the rural poverty will have to be eliminated? It is not alleviated because there is a story of alleviation. When we use the word alleviation, Sir, I am always reminded of what is given in an illustration in the Oxford Dictionary. It is a small story. There are two persons who were inside a jail for about ten years. Then they got bored. Somebody was going to give them food and somebody was giving water. That was enough. Thereafter, they started singing to get out of the boredom. That is called alleviation of drudgery or the difficulty. (Contd. by 3j/KSK)

KSK/HMS/4.35/3J

DR. RADHAKANT NAYAK (CONTD): So, it is the poverty. If it has to be eradicated, what is the vision that these two Ministries have. I am talking about rural poverty. What is the time-frame within which the social or human capital will be built up and the benefit retention mechanism will be put in place where the rural poor can actually overcome the drudgery and poverty in this country. Sir, there are so many issues that have come up in this short span of time. Therefore, I would not like to take much of the time because there are many other speakers. But, I would very humbly urge that the structure, functions and the vision; if this Ministry could kindly think and put something in place before the country regarding these three aspects, I would be grateful. Thank you. (Ends)

0 ִ (ײָ) : և-ָ , ֯ ֳָ ֯ ֮ פօ ֵ , "֮ ß֮ , ָ Ӿ " , , "ן ӕ þׯ, ׯ ׸֟, Ͼ׮ ֮օ" (ֵ ָ ) , ֮ ִ֕ -- ׌ ӯ ֟ , ֮ ׌ ן , ׻֋ ֲ ־ֻ ֣ , ֮֯ ֟ ֮ ֟ , ָ ֟

THE VICE-CHAIRMAN (SHRI DATTA MEGHE): Mr. Faguni Ram, I request you to wait for one minute. There is a statement by Shri Arjun Singhji.

STATEMENT RE: CONVERSION OF RAJIV GANDHI UNIVERSITY, ITANAGAR, AND TRIPURA UNIVERSITY, AGARTALA, INTO CENTRAL UNIVERSITIES AND ESTABLISHMENT OF A NEW CENTRAL UNIVERSITY IN SIKKIM

 

THE MINISTER OF HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT (SHRI ARJUN SINGH): Sir, there are six Central Universities that have so far been established in five of the eight States of the North-Eastern Region. The remaining three States of the region, namely, Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Tripura do not yet have a Central University.

Special attention to the development of the North-Eastern Region is an article of faith with the Central Government, and is one of the cornerstones of the National Common Minimum Programme. Accordingly, the Government have decided to convert the Rajiv Gandhi University, Itanagar, and Tripura University, Agartala, into Central Universities, and to establish a new Central University in Sikkim to cater to the needs and aspirations of the people of these States.

We shall soon be coming before this august House with specific legislative proposals for the purpose.

(Ends)

DISCUSSION ON WORKING OF MINISTRIES OF

PANCHAYATI RAJ AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT - (CONTD)

 

0 ִ (֟) : , ֟ Ӭ ִ þָ֕ ִ ֕ ֮ ϟ ß ֟ ׮־ ֕߾ Ӭ ֲ Ϭ֮ ӡ , ָ ӓ ֋ ӓ ֮ ֳ ә ֋ ײָ ־֮ ָ ¯ ٯ֟ 㻻 ׾ָ ֮ օ 0ߕ0 ә ֻי ֣ , ׻֋ ֣ ֮ ״ֻօ ֕߾ ߓ פֵ ܵ , ָ פ և- ֮֮ ֟ , , ׾֬ , ? ֲ ֮ ֮ , ֮ ׾ ֋, ֻ ֮־֟ ֮ ֋ ֲ ֲֻ֟ ָָ ָ , ֟ ױ ִֵ ֲ ӓ פ և ֕ ָ ָ֡ , ׾ָ֓-׾ִֿ ֮ ϲӬ ־֮Դ Ӿ ׻֋ ֟ , ֺ ֻ ֵ ֲ ִ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ֮ ߅ ױ ؙ ו ָ Ϭ֮ ׿ֻ, ֕ ָ ݵ ָ ӡ ֕߾ ׾ָ֓ ָ ֵ ֋ ִ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ֮, ִ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ֮

(3 /ߋ־ ָ ֿ:)

GSP-PSV/3K/4.40

0 ִ (֟) : ֲ ׬ ֳ ״ֻ? ׻֋ ָ וֻ ֻ ؙ ևԅ ؙ ֲ ׯ׮ֵ֮ ֮օ ׯ׮ֵ֮, ָ וֻ ׾ָ֓, ׿ָֻ , ָ , ִ ׿ָֻ ׾ָ֓ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ֮ ֣ ֵ֮օ

, ֟ ִ ӓֵ֟ ߕ ִ -- ֟ ֲ ֕߾ Ӭ ֟ ֟ , ֮־֟ , ֮ ־֮ֆ , ֻ ֤ פ ָ ֟ , ָ ֟ ֮ ֻ ָ߲ ָ ß֮ פ և , ֟ , ֮-á-־ ãן , ֮ ֲ ױ ֮օ ֕߾ Ӭ ־֮ ןֱ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ֟-׾֬֟ Ӆ ׿ָֻ ֮֮ߵ ָ , ӓֵ֟ ֕ ӡ ֵ֤ ֮ ֮֟ , ӓֵ֟ ֕ ָ ֮ ֮֟ þ0 ֕߾ Ӭ ß׾ ֮ , ־֮ ָ߲ ֵ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ִ֬ ꅠ ָ ֟Դ֮ ָ֮ , ִ֟ ָ ֟ ָ֮ ӵ ߅ ֕߾ Ӭ ־֮ֆ ӓֵ֟ ֕ , ӓֵ֟ ֕ ֮֋х

, ִ ӓֵ֟ ׬׮ִֵ ֮, ֛ ׿ ֵ֮ ֵօ ֳ ׸ ֵ, Ùֻ֮ ׻֋ 2/3 ׸ ߅ ֕ ֳ ׾ָ ֤õ ֟ ײֻ ָ פօ ֕߾ Ӭ Ϭ֮ ӡ ָ ꅠ ײֻ ָ ֮ ָ Ӯ ߅ ֲ ꅠ ׾ָ ׻֋ ߕ ׾ָ ֋ ײֻ , ָ֮ , ָָ օ ִ ֙ , ׻י ߓ ֮ օ ִ ־-ִ ־-֮-ֳִ־ օ ײֻ ָ פ, օ ֤ ײֻ ֮, ײֻ ֺ ֤ ֵօ ֤ , ֕߾ Ӭ ֮ ָ ׿ָֻ ֟ ײֻ ֺ ָ , ִ ִ ӓֵ֟ ßָ ָ, ӛ ßָ ָ וֻ ßָ ָ, ߮ ָ ֵָ ־ ־֮֬ , ו ײ ֮ ֮ ֳ ßָ ׻֋, ӓֵ֟ ׻֋ ֻ֟ , ֮ ֮ ן׮׬ ן׮׬ ׸ד֟ , ו ִ ׮֮ -- ֣ ִ ׾ ֕ ִ ׾ ָ ִ ִ-ӓֵ֟ ִ֬ , ֟ ָ֬ ӓֵ֟ ִ ӓֵ֟ ꅠ ֮ ו ָ֕ ׻֋ , ß: ָ֕ יև ָ יև , ִ֟ þ0 ֕߾ Ӭ ֮ ֟ ֮ ֟ ׻֋ ֮ ӓֵ֟ ֕߾ Ӭ ôן ִ ָ, ־֮ֆ ִ ָ פ ֟ , ִ֟ ױ ־ ֻ ֮ , ֵ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ֱ֟ , ִ֮ ָ , օ

֕߾ Ӭ ־ԯϣִ ӓֵ֟ ֆ ׻֋ ָ ֮ ߅ ־ԯϣִ ֕߾ Ӭ , ו֮ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ֆ ָ פօ ֮ ֮ ֟ ֮ ִֵ "ٯ֟ ֮ ֵ, ֮ ֵ ֮ ֵ" ֲ ־֮ , ־֮ á ֵ ...

(3/000 ָ ֿ:)

3L/klg/4.45

0 ִ (֟) : ֮־ ߾֮ ֱ֟ , ָ ֤ , Ӥ ָ ֵ -

׿ָ ׾, ־, ™

ֵ֓ ֟ ֻ ֮õ, ֵָָ ֟ ׾ֳֵ:

, Ӥ ֣ ӯ ֲ ֛ ֙ Ӭ ֕߾ Ӭ ӓֵ֟-֕ Ӥ ִ֮ , ֲ Ӭ ִ ߿֮ , ׾ָ ֳ ֳ ״ֻօ ӓֵ֟-֕ ֮ ֛ ֮ , ו ׻֋ ֮ ֟ ן ֮ ֨-֮ ٯ֟ ߋ ָ-ָ֮ , ֮, 敵, , ֯þ, -׻֟ ߴ֟ ׮ֵ Ӭ 0 ִ֮ ָָ ן ֟ ׯ֟ ָ֟ ֣ ׻ֵօ ׾ ™ ֌ ֤ ӓֵ֟-֕ ֋ Ӿ ָ֟ ֋օ ׻֋ - , ׻֋ ן ֳָ ֌

, ִ ׾ ָ ֯ ֮ ִ ׾ ӡֵֻ ֯ ӡֵֻ ו ֤ ִ ׾ ׻֋ ָ ֵ ӡֵֻ , þԕֵӟ ִ ָ ֮ , ֕ߋ־և, ӟԟ ֵ֟-ִ ִ-֮ ֚, ִ֟ ׮־ , ׿ ׻֋ ָ , ֵ֯ ֮, ָ֬ Ӹ֮ ׾, ֲ֛, ֲ ִ ָ ӯ ִ ָ ֮ , ו ֤֕ ׻֋ ן׸ ֤֕ ֮ ױ ӓֵ֟-֕ ֱ֟, ִ ׬ ׬ ִ פ ֋, ָ֬ , ׮֙ , ֮֟ ן׮׬ ßӳ , ßָ , , ִ ֟ ֟ ־֮ ֤ "ִ ֤ ֕" ֮, ִ ֲ ֤֕ ״ֻ֟ , ֕ ׻֋ ֤ ֓ , ֲ ֕ ִ ֤, ֕ ִ֬ ֤ ֤֕ ״ֻ֟ , ֵ֤ ֕ ״ֻ֟ , ֤֕ ֮ ֮ ֓ ֻ֮ ׻֋ ִ

, ֤ ߴ֟ ׮ֵ Ӭ -֟ , ׾ָ֓ , ™ ߋ ָָ ִ ָ ֮, ׬׮ִֵ ֵ֮օ ִ֟ օ " ִ, פ ִ, ֻ ߟִָ" ָ ֬׸ օ ִ פ, פ, פ, ׬ָ ִ ָ ߋ ָָ ߴ֟ ׮ֵ Ӭ ׮֤֮ ֤֕ ִ ׬ָ ״ֻօ ׻֋ ן, Ϭִ֮ӡ ן, ָָ ן ָ ִ ׾ ӡ ӿ ֤ ן ֟ ׯ֟ ו , ו ײֻ ֵ ֵ , ֻ֮ ֋ ׬ ׬ ֳ ״ֻ ִ ָ ָ ֟ , þã ֟ , ֕߾ Ӭ ֻ ״ֿ֮ ֟ ױ ֛ ֟ , ׾ ֟ ׸ָ , ֻ ׸ָ ֤õ , ֻ 100 פ ִ ״ֻօ פ ִ , פ ִ ֲ ״ֻ, ֲ ׮ֽ , ֲ ִ , ֮ ֻ ֻ ִ ״ֻ ֟ , ָ ױ ֟ ֤֕ ֤֕ ߾֮ ו פ ֤֕ , פ ֟ ו פ ֤֕ Ӥ ֟ , ִָ ֟ ׻֋ ׾ ִֵ , ֲ ִ ן ִ ״ֻ֮ ֻ , ֲ ֻ ׸ָ ֤õ פ ָ ָ ߅ ָָ ָ ֮ , ׻֋ ß ו֮֟ ֜և ֋ , ָ߲ ִ ׬ָ ״ֻ, ו ֮ ߅ ߋ ָָ ߴ֟ ׮ֵ Ӭ ֻ ֵָ֮ ָ פօ 3/ ָ ...

AKA-VKK/3M/4:50

0 ִ (֟) : ֮֟ , ָ߲ ֤֕ ׻֋ ָָ ן ֳָ ֌ ָߵ 200 ׯ֔ וֻ ֵ , ӓ ֻ ֮ ֳ וֻ פ ֋ ֲ ֳ וֻ פ ֋ ִ֟ ִָ ֤ ָ օ

, ִ ֟ ֕ ִֻ ֟׮ֳԸ ϵ ? ֟ , ׸ , , ֤֕ ϵ , ו֮ ֮ ֮ ֟ ֻ ָ ֕ ִֻ þ־ֻӲ פօ ֤֕ ן ֳָ ֌ þֵ ֻ ԕ֤ օ

֟ ָ ׸֓ - ָ, ָ, ֪֮ ָ, ןֻ ָ, ֻ ָ ׸֓ , ׸֓ ֳ ״ֻ֮ , ״ֻ , ߕ ״֟ ֣Ԯ ָ ֮ , ֮ , ϵֻֿ֋ ָ Ӿ ָ ָ ״ּ , ֟־ָ ״ּ , ֻ , ד֟ ״ ֻ , ד֟ ״ ױ ֹ״ և ״ ֻ , ֳָֻ ֮, ָ ֤֟ ֤֕, ָ ׾֬֟ , ִ , ו ֤ ֜ -ָ ָ ״ֻ օ ֿ ָָ ֿ ֮ ߅

֕߾ Ӭ ֻ֕ ״ֿ֮, ִ þ֓ ֟ ִ þ֓ ֺ ִ þã ֲָ Ӿ ׌ ֟ , ׻֋ ֛ ߴָ , ָ פ ӡ-ӡ ָ ׮ֳԸ ֟ , ïֻ֟ ֌ פ֮ ־ã ִ֟ Ӿ ïֻ֟ ֤ ֤ ֵ , ֮ ߴָ פ ֣ӳ־ ֻ ד֟ ֕

, ֮֯ ֮ פ, ׻֋ ֯ ן ֳָ ֌ ֳָ ֌ ߴ֟ ׮ֵ Ӭ ן, ֮ ֟ ֕߾ Ӭ ן, ו֮ ־֮ ôן ֲ ֳָ ֮ סֵ , ו֮ ֟ ֮ ֳָ ָ ן, ׿ָֻ ׾ ֕߾ Ӭ ־֮ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ֮ ׻֋ ָꅠ ֮־֤

(ִ֯)

ֳ֬ ( ) : ֮ օ ֯ ׻֋ ӓ ״֮֙ ִֵ

֮ (֕ã֮) : ֳ֬ , ִ ׾ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ־ã ָ ֓ ֯ ׾ֵ ֓ ־ ֋, ӡ , ֯ ֵ ־ ָ ֺ

, ß֮ Ӿ Ӿ ׾ Ӭ ֮֯ ָ ֲ , ֲ ֤֕ , ֻ , ֲֻ֟ ֟օ Ӭ Ӿ ֻ ֤ , Ӿ ֻ ׌ ֲ Ӿ Ӥ ֻ ׌ ִ֮ ׾֬֋ ״ֻ, ֲ ֤֕ ֲֻ֟ Ӿ ֤ ִ օ

('3N/SCH' ָ ָ)

SCH/3N/4.55

֮ (֟): ֮֯ ׻֋, ϣִ Ϭ֮ ӡ ־ ֻ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ־ã ߅ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ָ ֤ ֟ , ִ ׾ ֟

ӡ , ß֮ Ӿ ָ ߮ ֮ ־ã ָ ֓և ֮ ־ã ָ פ - ֮ ־㠙 ־ ־ ִ֑ ֮ ֯ ֟ , ֻßָ ָ , ߸-߸ ֻßָ ߓ ֻ ֵօ ֈ פ Ͽ ָ ֮֯ þָֻ֕֬ ֮ ו օ ֮ ߮ ֮ ߴ ֮ , ֻ֟ ֮ פ ֮ օ ֯ ֮ ֕ã֮ וֻ þָֻ֕֬ ֮ ԟ ׿ Ӿ ִ , և, ֕ ֻ -ֻ ߟ ֮ ָ ֮֋ ֛ ֮ ָ ֯ Ӿ ֻ֯ Ӿ ֮ ׯֻ֮ ?

וֻ ֙ ָ ֯ ָָ ֚ - ߆ָ߆ Ù ־֮Դ ־֮Դ ֮ ߴ ֟ ֮ פ ֟ , Ӿ ׾ ױ ֟ , ָ ? ӡ , ָ ָ֮ ֵ ֯ Ϭ֮ ӡ þ ֕߾ Ӭ פ ֵ ֟ Ӿ ׾ ָ ִ ֻ Ӧ ֟ ָ ߓ ֛֛ ֟ , פ ֛֛ ...(־֮֬)

ӓֵ֟ ֕ ӡ ֣ ֵ ӡ ( ָ): ָ, ָ-ָ ֟ ֕߾ ֵ ֮ Ӿ ֟ ߓ ֛֛ ֟ , ֯ ן ï™ ֮ ֵ ׸ ָ֬ ָ 85 Ͽ׮ ֓ ָ ֻ ֟ ׻֋ Ӿ 15 ֟ ָ-ָ ֟ 85 ™ָ֓ ֻ ֟ 15 Ӿ ֟ , ׻֋ פ ָ ï™ ׬ ֵ㌟ օ

֮ : ӡ ï™ פ, ß׾ ß׾ ֮֮ ׻֋ ֯ ߓ ßָ ָ ֟ ֕߾ ֻ֟ , פ ֯ ß׾ , וֻ ׸֤ ßָ ָ, ӓֵ֟ ״ן ßָ ָ, ӓֵ֟ ßָ ָ ԓָ ...(־֮֬) ӓֵ֟ ״ן ßָ ...(־֮֬) ֕ ִֻ֯ ֮ ߴ ֻև , ? ֯ ...(־֮֬)

ֳ֬ ( ): , ֯ ֻ ״֮֙ ֓ ׻֋, ׻֋

֮ : ָ, Ӿ ׾ ׻֋ ״ ָ ֵ ו֋ ֕ Ӿ ӕָ ״ ֛ , ֤-ֻ ֛ , ӕָ ״ֵ ֤-ֻ ָ ׻֋ ֮ , ױ ָ ָ ? ו ֮ ִ߮ ֟ , ֮ þֵ , ӕָ ״ ָ ׻֋ ֯ , ָ יև ֤ ֯ ֟ ָ֮ ֟ ׯ֔ ֮ ֮ֆ ָ ֮ ֓ ? ֕ ߛ, ׸֮ ߋ֛ כ֙ ֮ , ׻ ӓֵ֟ ֮ , ӓֵ֟ ֮ ߴ ֟ ӡ ֮ ״ֻ֟ ... 3o/MCM ָ ֿ:

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