PREVIOUS HOUR

MCM-KSK/2O/3-00

׮ ֵ (֟) : ִ ָָ ָ ϓָ Ӿ ׾ ׻֋ , ӓֵ֟ ֕ ֮֮ ׻֋ , ֋- ӓֵ֟ ֕ ׻֋ פ ָ ָ , ӓֵ֟ ־ ָ ֮ פ ֋ ӓֵ֟ ִ , ִ ָ ׿֟ ֋, ֮ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ׸֮ , ָ ֻ ֋ꅠ ֮֮ߵ סֵ ܾß ִ ׾ ׻֋ ׸ ָ פ ֋, ִ ׾ ׻֋ Û ޛÙ ָ פ ֋ ֣ ֣ ָ , ֣ Ӿ ֻ ׾ ׻֋ ו֮ ָ-ӓ ߕ ֺ , ֲֻ ֵ ֋ ֛, ײֻ֕ ֻ ֻ ֤ , ֮ , ֮֟ ׻֋, Ӿ ֲ ״ֻ֮ ׻֋ ו֮ ߕ ־ֿ , ָ ֮ פ ֋ ӓֵ֟ ֵֻ ֋, ӓֵ֟ ָ ָ֕ ֋ ָ ֋ Ӿ ׾ ֵ֤ 50 ֻ ֋, ָ ֮ ֻ 10 ֻ Ӥ ֿ ֋, Ӿ ׾ ֺ օ ֿ ֟ , ӡ ָ ֮ ״ֻ ϵ , ֵ֤ ׾ , ׾ ֻ ֮־֤

(ִ֯)

DR. P.C. ALEXANDER (MAHARASHTRA): Thank you, Mr. Deputy Chairman. At the outset, I would like to avail of this opportunity to stress the very crucial importance the subject of rural development has assumed in our scheme of development at this stage in our country. Sir, from the point of view of national importance, if we are to place the Ministries in order of importance, I am inclined to say that the Rural Development Ministry should come right at the top. The Prime Minister has introduced a new scheme by which the Secretaries in charge of the Ministries of Defence and Home Affairs have been given two years' fixed term. Here again, I would like to say that if there should be any one Secretary, besides the Cabinet Secretary, who should have a minimum two years' term of service, it should be the Secretary in the Ministry of Rural Development. The nation is so used to the concept of rural development right from the time of independence, right from the days of community development, national extension blocks, special attention to rural industries like khadi and village industries, handicraft, handlooms, that it has not understood the crucial importance this subject has acquired in recent times, particularly after the Government's decision to formulate the concept of Bharat Nirman. There is nothing new in Bharat Nirman. Irrigation, rural roads, rural housing, rural electrification, rural telephone connectivity - these are all concepts in the development of infrastructure and rural areas articulated in different stages by people who are thinking of rural development. There is nothing new about them. But, for the first time, infrastructure development, relevant to the rural development programmes, has been given the focus and attention, and the fact that Rs.1,74,000 crores are to be allotted to these programmes in the overall umbrella of Bharat Nirman has lifted the whole subject of rural development to the niche of importance which it deserves. (continued by 2p)

GSP-GS/2P/3.05

DR. P.C. ALEXANDER (CONTD.): Having made this preliminary remarks, I will refer to some of the most pressing problems that those in charge of the administration have to take care of, if we are to achieve the objectives laid down before us by those who have managed to give an integrated and focussed attention.

The first lesson that one has to learn from the experience of the implementation of the rural development programmes during the last five decades of our independence is that rural India is not a homogenous concept. We all talk about rural India but we forget that rural India means an agglomeration of large number of groups of villages which have their own separate problems though they may share the general problem of under-development. Most important factor that has to be borne in mind is that amongst the villages which come under the definition of rural India, as many as 4.31 lakhs of villages out of the 6.23 lakhs of villages, recognized as villages in our country, are villages with population less than thousand people. This is a phenomenon that is very special to our country's development programmes and process. In other words, the overwhelming majority of villages or those areas which are classified by the name villages, 4,31,949, do not have population above thousand, and, therefore, are not in a position to sustain some of the programmes that you are visualising under the Rural Development Programme.

If we go by the general approach, that what is good for certain areas, which are called rural areas is good for all the rural areas in the country, we will be committing the mistake that we have committed during the last fifty years.

Take any subject relevant to rural development; education, health delivery, looking after the people who are really under-employed or unemployed, if we take these programmes, programmes crying for attention in the rural areas, you will find that these programmes cannot be successfully implemented for very simple reason that they do not have the population base to sustain these programmes.

When we have 500 people living in a village, you cannot afford to have a primary school with four or five teachers, or, a Primary Health Centre. Even if we try this experiment, Doctors who are appointed there will not go; teachers who are posted there will refuse to go, and, all sorts of difficulties will come up in practical implementation. Therefore, what is important, and, this is what I want to suggest before the two distinguished Ministers in charge of Rural Development in our country today, is that you separate the small villages with population below one thousand and devise special programmes which are relevant to them. There you may think of mobile hospitals, peripatetic doctors who may visit these places once in a while; there you may think of even training a Vaidya or practitioner of indigenous medicine whom we may not consider to be a Doctor, to be trained in modern health delivery system and then giving him the allowances which will induce him to stay. There you may think of recruiting a teacher from the village itself and giving him special training so that he will not think of going away to some other place. You have to think of the problems of the small villages, large in numbers, that is villages below one thousand population, separate from the other villages.

I know of a 'village' in Maharastra, called Akluj. It is still called a village but if you go to that village, you will think that you are in another corner of Pune City or Thane City or Mumbai City. I could see even swimming pools in the village, Akluj. If you apply the programmes which are valid for Akluj to some other village distant from it, which has only small population base, you will find that the programme in the latter village will fail and more advanced among the villages will get the benefit. (Contd. by YSR-2Q)

-GSP/YSR/3.10/2Q

DR. P.C. ALEXANDER (CONTD.): What is intended for the sparrows will therefore be eaten away by the crows. This distinction has to be borne in mind and separate programmes have to be devised.

The second point I would like to make in this connection is that there cannot be a programme for rural development which is equally applicable to the tribal population. The tribal population has its own problems which can be handled or tackled only by a tribal-specific approach. If we go to villages where tribal population is a predominant society, you will find them being deprived of traditional occupation and without getting access to new avenues of occupation. They are denied the fruits of forests; they are denied the source of livelihood because they are not familiar with modern cultivation. Nor are they qualified to undertake anything else yet. Therefore, at least, in the transition stage, we have to think of an area-specific and community-specific programme in certain villages. We have to give them some exemption from the general rules and very strict regulations of the Department of Environment by which they are not allowed to go anywhere near the forest. At least for a transitional period till we are able to train them for ordinary avocations in life, we have to give them some exemption.

I humbly submit for the consideration of this House that we should allow certain facilities to these tribal people in these areas; otherwise rural development for these people will remain something in the letter of copybook, but not applicable or relevant to their situation.

The third point I wish to bring to your notice is this. We should get out of the belief that the Rural Employment Guarantee Programme is going to solve our problem for rural development. There is no doubt that most of the beneficiaries will be only in the rural areas. The Rural Employment Guarantee Programme is such that it cannot be a substitute for rural development programme; it cannot be even a solution to the problem of poverty alleviation or lifting these people from below the poverty line to above the poverty line. Somehow or the other, we seem to think that with getting the Rural Employment Guarantee Programme implemented efficiently and speedily, we will find a solution to relieving the poverty or mitigating the rigours of poverty.

My humble submission is that the Rural Employment Guarantee Programme as it is devised and as it is being implemented and now in the first stage is not going to be a solution to the problems of rural development. It is not going to lift the people from below the poverty line to above the poverty line. Hundred days of employment to one person in a family of 8-10 members and that too at a wage which is not even the minimum wage fixed under the Act but a sort of an imaginary wage, which can sustain employment, are not going to help the family to transfer themselves from the status of below the poverty line citizens to above the poverty line citizens. Therefore, let us not give over importance to the Rural Employment Guarantee Programme as a solution to rural development. Let us develop rural areas on the basis of the Rural Development Programme, on the basis of Bharat Nirman components, on the basis of the traditional approach, new schools, new hospitals, new roads, new connectivity to the neighbouring market, new information system, and such other matters.

Finally, Sir, I would like to emphasise the crucial importance of education in rural development programmes. It may not have much of an appeal to those who are in charge of implementing rural development programmes. But if we neglect education as the number one priority in the list of programmes to be implemented under the heading 'Rural Development,' we will end up in grief as we have already done in the past. When I speak of education, it is not just imparting knowledge in certain subjects like history or geography or arithmetic or reading and writing. (Contd. by VKK/2R)

VKK-MP/2r/3.15

DR. P.C. ALEXANDER (CONTD.): I am referring to motivation that is needed in the rural areas, motivation for people to lift themselves up, enabling them to avail of all the ladders that are being thrown to them. This can come only through education. The primacy of education in rural development programmes should not be forgotten by the Ministers concerned; otherwise, we will be committing a great mistake. In this connection, I will only mention the crucial importance of education in the true sense of the term, to fight against certain forces which are acting against all our Government-sponsored programmes. I am referring to superstition, ignorance and all sorts of prejudices born out of caste, sex and other such inhibiting factors which still prevail for want of education in many places. We have to create the right motivation by using education as a tool, to fight against these great evils which are crippling the effectiveness of our programmes. We are spending thousands and thousands of crores and are going to spend many more thousands in the next three or four years. But if we do not educate the people about what is keeping them down and, in the process, keeping the programmes down, then, we will not achieve the benefits of the programmes. So, the highest importance has to be given to imparting right type of instructions and education to change the mindset of the people, to enable them to cope with the new responsibilities that are opened to them through our programmes.

With these words, I wish to once again stress that the Ministries should realise the crucial importance of the two programmes that they are implementing under the Panchayati Raj and Rural Development, and see that they carry the entire nation with them as if we are in a revolutionary movement. Thank you. (Ends)

MR. DEPUTY CHAIRMAN: Thank you. Now, Shri Suryakantbhai Acharya.

ֳ֮և ֵ֓ (ָ֟) : ֮֮ߵ ֳ֯ן , ӓֵ֟ ִֻ֯ ָ ֮ ׾ָ֓ ֯ ִ֮ օ ӓֵ֟ ָ ׻֋ և ߕ פ ֻ ָ ӓֵ֟ פ ֻ ״ן ֳ ֚ օ ֤ ß֮ ָ ִ ևԅ ָ ָ ֮ ִו ӓ , ן ִ և ևՅ ױ ӓֵ֟ ִ ֮֮ ֲ ֟ ӓֵ֟ ָ ִ ׾ , ӓֵ֟ ָ ִ ִֻ֟ ן ꅠ

, ֟ , ָ Ӿ , خ Our planning is from Delhi to dehaat and not from dehaat to Delhi. I will suggest it and I have suggested it when I was the Deputy Chairman of the Gujarat Planning Commission. خ ߿֮ ֟ ׻ ׻֋ خ ֟ ֟ ֲָ ß , ï֙ ָ ߕ ߕ , ֟ ֻ֟ ï֙ ֮ֆ , ï֙ ֮֟ , ֮ֆ ֮ ׻֋ ֮ " ִ ֮" ִ ֮ ֮և ָ֟ 녠 (2S/ASC ָ ֿ:)

ASCMKS/3.20/2S

ֳ֮և ֵ֓ (֟) : ֮ ֻ ߅ Ӿ ׻֋ ֮ פ Ӿ ׻֋ ׾ ִ, Ӿ ֻօ This is not a substantial development. ֕ ֮ ִֻ֯ , ֲÙ׿ֵֻ ֻ, ֕֙ ֟ ָ ֮ ֟ , ָ ָ ָ ֮ ִ ֮ ֵ ֓ , ׮ֻ ֟ ֻ ֮ ֱ ֋ Ӿ֋ ? ׻֋ sustainable growth, sustainable development, ָ ׾ָ֓ ֕ ӛÙߕ ֻ ֮֟ ֻ ײ ׻֋ ֟ ֻ ֟ , ֻ? ֟ ֤ פ ָ ֋, ֮ خ ? Planning, so far as this matter is concerned, is defective. خ ֛ ֟ , ָ ֲ ߕ ֲ ֵ֮ ӣ ֬ ֛-֛ ״ֻ֮ ֵ օ Ӭ خ, ֵֿ֯ خ خ ָ ׾ָ֓ , ֵ׮֟ , ? ӟ֮֕ ־ֲ ״ֻ, ׬׸ ֵ ׬ָ , ־ֲ ״ֻ ׮ָֿ ֛օ ֵ֮ ָ ׾ָ֓ ֟ , ֙- ־ã , ֟ פ ֟ ֙- ־ã , ָ Ӿ ׻֋ manure , ״ֻօ ֟ ֤ ֮ ֲ ֙-־ã ֲ օ ֛ , ֿ-֮ ָ֯ ? ֿ ֟ , ֻ, , ֲ ִ , ֛ ֵ֤ ֻ ִֻ ֛ ֮֬ ׮ٴ֟ ֮ ֟ ֮֮ ׻֋ ? ׻֋ خ ߿֮ ֮ ֟ Ӿ ֮ ׮֙ߕ , ֮ ׮֙ߕ ׻Ù ֮ևԅ ״׮֙ߕ ֋, ָ ֕ ׾ָ֓ , ֵօ ׾ ׻֋ ״׮֙ߕ ױ׿֋ә ? ׾ ׻֋ ֮ ױ׿֋ә ׻֋ ָ , "Either perish or produce" ָ ֻ, ֻ? ֵ֟ ֲ خ ߓ ָ ? (ֿ: 2Tָ)

NB/TMV/2T/3.25

ֳ֮և ֵ֓ (֟) : ײ֮ ֻ ֕ ӛÙߕ , ֛-֛ ֜-׻ , ֲ֤֤ , פ , Ӳև , ֟ Ͽ ֛ ֯ ֲ ׾֮֫ , ֯ ֟ , ֮֯ ֕ ָ Ӿ leaderless ֋ , ִ ׌ֻֿ ֤ , ֻ ֋ , ״ֻ֟ ׻֋ intelligence drain ֵ , Ӿ leaderless ֋ , ָ ӓֵ֟ ֮֋, ӓֵ֟ ֮, ֮ ֟ ׮־ First of all, we should think what type of villages we want and how we can create sustainable growth in the villages. ֟ ֮ ִ߮ , ִ - , ֟ ֮ ֮ ,

, ָ ֟ ֮֟ , ָ ָ֟ ־ ָָ ֵ , 10 ןֿ֟, 20 ןֿ֟ ֱ , ֤ ֱ ֛-֛ ֟ , ֟ , no success, ִ ׮ ֻܵ 100 ָ , passing marks ״ֻ֮ , 90 ָ , 35 ָ marks ֟ , ָ ֮ ֮ ָ֟ ָָ ִ ֮ ֣ ׻ֵ, people's government ֮֋, ֵ ֵօ ֯ ֟֟ ־֛ ֲ ߔ , ߔ , ֮ ? ֕ ־֛ , ָ ֮ ־֛ Ӥ֮ פ, ֟ 10 ָ ֋ ֟ , ֟ ֆ ֮ ׻֋ CM ֋, ׮, -ֿ ֕֋ ֋, ߸-ֻ ֆ ֻ ָ ֆ ܵ 20-25 ָ , ״׮Ù ֋, ָ ܵ ָ , MLA MP ֋, ֙ ֋ ָ ֙, ָָ - ֵ Ӥ֮ ׸֟ , ׻֋ ֕ ֱ ָ , ֯ , ׮ֵ ָ ׻ֵ , ֯ ֋ ꌿ֮ ָ ֣ ֟ ? ֕ ָ֟ ûִ ִ֕ ֮ ֟ ָ whatever he has said, פ ֯ ֟։, ֯ ֮ ֵֿ ֮ Ӿ ֵ֟ ֯ Ӿ ִԤ , ߮ ֮ ָ ֋ ֮ date ָ ֟ , we give them dates. ׻֋ ׌ , imaginative leader

(ֳ֬ ( ָ֕ ״) ߚ߮ )

ָ ݵ ߛ ״ֻ , ו֮ ߕ Ӥ֮ ֮, ָ֟ Ӥ ֮ ן פև ֕ ָ֟ 5 ָ֟ , 5 ָ֟ ֟ פ ן ָ , ӟ֮ ׻֋ ֛ ֟ , ֟ " ָ , ָ "

2U/AKG ָ ֿ:

 

AKG-VK/2U/3.30

ֳ֮և ֵ֓ (֟) : " ߓ ֟ օ" ֲֻ֟ ™ ֤ ֤ ֲ ֟ ֤ , ֟ ָ CM ֤ , ׸ - ֯ ׸ ֟ , ָ ֟ , rural development ֟ Rural development օ ֯ ֮ ֛, there are only two parties - Communist and BJP, ו֮ , ָ ֕ ֳ ֵ ֮֮ ֮ , movement ֮ , ֱ ָ ֙ ֙ ֙ ֟ ״ֻ֟ ֲ ֙ ֟ ״ֻ֟ , ֙ ֵԆ ֟ ִ ֮ rural development ָ օ Rural development rural areas substantial growth , י , י , י , ꅠ י , , ׻ ִ addition ,

ֳ֬ ( ָ֕ ״) : ֮ , ֯ ִֵ ֮ 녠 ׻֋

ֳ֮և ֵ֓ : ֯ - ֮־֤

(ִ֯)

ֻ׾ֵ ӛ֮ (ִ) : ֳ֬ , ӓֵ֟ ִֻ֯ ״׮Ù ָ ֱ ֓ ״׮Ù ֮ ָ ִ־ֵ , ָָ , ׾ ֮ , פ ִ ָ ֮ ֤ , ֟ ָ ֮ ֟ ָ ӓֵ֟ ״׮Ù ִ֟ , ֮֟ , ָ , ִ֟ ״׮Ù, Ѿ־ֵ ן ׻֋ - ׾ֳ ֮ Ministries of Education, Health, Family Welfare, Rural Electrification, Public Health Engineering, ֲ - ֟ , ִ ן ָ ׾ֵ כ ֲ ׻֋ ֻ annual planning , planning ִֵ ӓֵ֟ ״׮Ù ֟ ֲ progress report ָ ֻ ׾ָ֓ , ӓֵ֟ ״׮Ù ֣ ֮ ֤ ӓֵ֟ ״׮Ù ֮ ֟ ֟ ? planning , ӓֵ֟ ״׮Ù ֟ ? Rural development ֣ ӓֵ֟ ״׮Ù co-ordination ? ֲ ֟ ֮ , , ן , - , ֲ ֮ ֟ ֵ֤ ֻܵ administrative arrangement , co-ordination , ӓֵ֟ ״׮Ù ָ Ѿ־ֵ ן ׻֋ ־ֲ֤ ֻܵ ״׮Ù ו֮֟ ִ֟ , ו֮֟ ׬ָ , פ ֵ ָ פ ֵ , ִ ״׮Ù Ù ֻ ״׮Ù , 뙸 ֮ ӓֵ֟ ״׮Ù ״׮Ù, ֛֓ ֮֮ ӓֵ֟ ״׮Ù ֮ ֲ rural development ֛ ֟ ֬֌ , ֮-߮ ֲ ׾֬ ֟ ֲ ֣ Ѿ־ֵ ן ֟ ֟ (2 ָ ֿ:)

2W/HMS-RG/3.35

ֻ׾ֵ ֮ (֟) : خ ӓֵ֟ ״׮Ù ֣ Ù ֻ ָ ֮ٛ ״׮Ùכ ׸ ֮ , ֺ ֳ֬ , ֲ ֻܵ ߓ ֓ , ׾ֵ ָ ֮֮ߵ ֤õ ָ ֿ ֵ , ֵ ؓ֟ ֵ , ִ ֟ ֟ ׻֋ ֛ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ״׮Ù ֣ ֮ٛ օ ָ, ֻ , ִֻ֯ ״׮Ù ֮֟ ӓֵ֟ ӛ ִֻ֯ ״ֻ ״׮Ù ֮ פ , ָ ״׮Ùי ִ ״׮Ù , ֮֟, Ù ֻ ָ ӓֵ֟ ִֻ֯ ״׮Ù ֣ "ֲ" פ ӡ, ֟ ֈӛ ֻ ָ ֟ Ù ֻ ־֮Դ ֟ ָ ־֮Դ ֟ ֻ֟ Ͽ֮ ӓֵ֟ ? ָ, ӓֵ֟ ִֻ֯ ױ , ׮ֳֵָ ™ָ֓ , ׮ֳֵָ ֵ ׬ָ , ׬ָ ֮ ״׮Ùי ־ָ , ֲ פֵ ָ Ӿ crying in the wilderness , ޵ָ ָ, ֲ כ֮ , ֟ ֟ ؓ֟ ߅ ָ ִֻ֯ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ״׮Ùߕ ֮ ߓ ֻ ָ ן ֟ ֻ , ־֮Դ Ù ־֮Դ ֮֯ , Ӿ ָ ֮ , ֕ ïߙ և ֋ ֯ ֲ ïߙ ֮֟ , ״׮Ù ӛ ״ֻ ָ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ״׮Ù ֣ ӯ ? خ ֣ ? ֳ֬ , ֯ ֮֟ Ӿ ïֻ֟ , , , Ӿ , Ù ִֻ֯ ִ ß ֙ ֮ ׿ֵ֟ ֲ ׿ֵ֟ ״׮Ù օ ֮ ֈӛ ֻ , ֻ ״׮Ùי ־ã Ù ֻ ֮ ֮

ֳ֬ , ֕ Ӿ ײֻ֕ ױ֮ ִ ֟ ֻ֟ ֮ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ״׮Ù ִֻ֯ ״׮Ù ־ָ ״׮Ù ׿ֵ֟ ױ֮ ִ ֯ ָ ֣ ֮ٛ ֮֟ ָ ׿ֵ֟ ׾ָ֓ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ״׮Ù Ù ֻ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ״׮Ù "ï Ԯ" Ӿ ׻֋ ïߙ, , ־ָ ß ׻֋ ֮ ß , ױָߕ ִֻ֯ ߴ ָ ֮ օ ױָߕ ߴ ָ ֮ ߾֮ ײ֟֟ ׻֋ ִ߮ ֻٕ֮ ߓ , ֻٕ֮ ִ (2 /ߋ־ ָ ֿ:)

TDB-PSV/2X/3.40

ֻ׾ֵ ֮ (֟) : ֻٕ֮ ִ 껱 ױ׿֋ә ֮֮ ׻֋ ߴ , ו֮ -֛ ׻֋ ִ߮ ױָ ߴ ױָ ֜־ ߴ ӓֵ֟ ִֻ֯ ֟ ֻ ֲ ֮ Ù ִֵ ױָ כ֙ ӡ , ӡ ֤ Ѿ ױָ ߴ ֮ ׻֋ --֠ -ִ ֮ ֺ ָ ߴ ֜ ꅠ ֟ ӓֵ֟ ֣ ױָ כ֙ כ֙ ׸֮ ӓֵ֟ ָ ױָ כ֙ ϳ׾֟ ױָ ߴ ꅠ ֻ ݕִֻ ָ ߴ , - -֙և , ؾ , Ѿ ֮ - ֛ ׻֋ ִ ß Ӆ כ֙ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ״׮Ù ֣ ։ ׌ -֮ٛ

ֳ֬ , ֲ ֣, סֵ ֮ ֮ ״׮Ùߕ ֮ ׌ ֮֮ ׻֋ ׾ִ֮ ־ ֵ֟ , ֮ ָև -- ֲִֵ ֺ ״ֻ߅ (ִ֯)

0 ϳ (֕ã֮) : ֮־֤, ֳ֬ ߅ ֤ ֮ ֻ ӛ ָ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ӡֵֻ ֣ ִ ׾ ӡֵֻ ֵ Ӥ ָ և ֵ ֓ ֻ ֵ ֿ֌ , ׾ֵ ֛ ֵ ֓ ֛ ֵ ־ ֋

, ֓ ֜֟   ִ ׾ ֟ , ִ ָָ ֬և ֮ ֮ ֕֙ ֲ ׬ ֣״ ִ ׾ ׻֋ ֕֙ ֳ 54 ןֿ֟ ׿ ִ ׾ ֮ ֟ և ָָ ֬և ֡ , ֮ Ѿ ָָ ֟ Ѭ ֻ ָ Ѿ ֟ ֲ Ѿ, ִ ִ ֮ ™ ֿ֌ , ִ ָ ֮֬ ׾֬ ִ֮ ֮, ֲ ָ ׾ֿ߻ ִ ׾֟ ֮ օ ָָ ־ֿ ־ ָ ֮ פ ָ ׮ִ ֯ ֮ ׿, þã, ָ, ֛, ֮, ײֻ֕, ׻ֱ, ֮, ֵԾָ, ֓և, ֆ ֿ׌ ָ ֮ פ ֵ ֮ ֮֜ ׻֋ ֮֋ և և , þ֟

, ֮֮ߵ ֤õ , ֛ ׾ֿ ֟ ִ ׾ ӡֵֻ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ӡֵֻ, , -ָ פ ֋ ִ -ִ֮ ֣ ִ ׾ ײ֮ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ׸֮ ߅ ִ ׾ ׻֋ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ־ֿ ־ ևԅ ׻֋ þ0 Ϭִ֮ӡ ֕߾ Ӭ ֟ ֤ ֕ã֮ ֮ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ִ֮ ֵו֟ , ֟ 25 ׬ ִֵ ֋ ֕߾ ֮ ֲ ֟ Ӭ ׸֮ Ѿ ֕ פ ֋, Ѿ ׌ֻֿ , Ѿ ϳ־ֻֿ ָ ָ þֵ Ѿ ֕ ӓ׻֟ , ׸֮ פօ (2և/000 ָ ֿ:)

2y/klg/3.45

0 ϳ (֟) : ׸֮ פօ ֕߾ ־ ִ ֲֻ ׻֋ ֺ ִ ӓֵ֟-֕ ֲ֕ օ ׻֋ ָ ֟ ֤ ӓֵ֟-֕ Ù , ֵָ ֵָ Ù, ׻֋ ֟Դ֮ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ӡ ֬և ֡ ֨ן ׾֟ ֱ ֟ ׮׿֟ ӓֵ֟-֕ ֻ ׸֟Ԯ ӓֵ֟ ֿ֌ , ӓֵ֟ ׬ָ-ӯ֮ ֮֮ ִ , ׻֋ ֬և ֡

ֳ֬ , ִ ׾ ִ ׻֋ ֛ ׾ ֮֋ ֮ , ֺ ӡֵֻ ִֻ , ֮ٛ , -ָ ָ ֬׸ ֳ ֮֋ ֱ ߅ ׮־ ָ ָָ ֮֋ , 껱 þã Ӳ׬֟ , ָָ ָ ֋ ִ þã ֮֋ ֋ ׿ ָ פ ֋, ִִ ֮֋ ִ ָ ֮֋ ֮ ׻֋ ׻֋ ר և, ו ֮ ׬ ״ֻ, ֕- և, ִִ ֮ֆ ֳ ֮ ִ-֮ ״ֻ, ָָ ֮ օ ֮֋ ֲ ֕ , ֲ ֳ ִ־ ֮ ״ֻ֟, ו ֳ ׻֋ ֮֯ ֮֋ ֮և և ָָ ָ ֮ ׮׿֟ ֳ ״ֻ ׻֋ ־ֿ וֻ ׬ָ, ߵ ׬ָ ־ã ׾֟ ֋, ֕ ָָ ׬ָ ִ֬ ִֻ ֋ , ִ־ֵ ֟ օ ׻֋ ֵԻֵ , ֆ ϓָ-ָ ִ ֣ ִ-֮ ֮ֆ ֳ ״ֻ, ׮׿֟ ֮ ֵԻֵ ֣ ׮֙ظ ֋ ו ֤ ׮״֢ ׿ և , ִ ִ ָ ִ ׾ Ӳ׬֟ ו֮֟ ׿ ֟ , ֮֋ , ֳ ִ ֻ ״ֻ, ׮֙ظ ־ã ׻֋ ֕ ׮֤ ־ã ֋ ָָ ֋ ׾׳֮ ֮ֆ ׻֋ ׮׬֠ ־י , ֕ ָָ ָ ָ ֋ ßָ ָ ֋, ִ ֿ ֮֟ ֻ ָ ָָ ׻֋, Ӿ ֻ ׻֋, ֮ ׻֋ ִ

ֳ֬ , ֟ ״֡ ָ֕ ֟ , ֲ ֕߾ Ӭ ֟ , ֟ , ׻֋ ײ֮ ӓֵ֟-֕ ֆ ֲֻ , 33 ןֿ֟ ָ ״ֻ , ׻֋ ֤ ӓֵ֟ ָ ֋ , פ ֤ ֮־֤ ֆ ֿ֌ ֮֮ ׻֋ ӓֵ֟-֕ ָ ߤָ ֋, ׻֋ 33 ןֿ֟ ָ ִ օ ָ ֛ ֕ ֟ և Ù ӓֵ֟ ָӓ-ן, Ϭ֮-ןօ ֆ Ӥ ֟ , ׾ִ֮ϟ , ֟ Ӿ ֆ , פ ֤ , ָָֆ ל ߟ , ֕ ָ ״ֻ , ֤ ׮, ָ ߕ ֮ ֯ ֮֮ ׿ֿ , ֮ ׾ ֤֮ ִ ֟ 2և/ ָ

AKA-KLS/2z/3:50

0 ϳ (֟) : , ֵֿԕ֮ ֟ ֳ և - ֆ ־ ֵ, - ִ , ִ ߸-߸ ֟׾ ֵ ֋ ָ ִ ִ , ֆ ָ ־ֿ ָ , ־ ֣ , ֕߾ Ӭ ׸֮ ֲ , ֲ ָ ־ã ӓֵ֟ ׾֮֬ ֳ ֳ ֟, ֲ , ֿ׌ ֻֻ ׸֮ פ , ֲ Ӿ ֻ ־ã ꅠ ָָ ֮ ִ֟ ָ ׾ָ֓ ־֕ ֆ ֿ׌ ׻֋ ׮־ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ӡ ֆ ׻֋, և ֋ , ׻֋ خ ׾ֿ ־ã ו ֮ ִ ָ ִ ֆ ִ , Ӿֿ߻֟ ֋ ִ , ™ָ֓ ׮׿֟ ֋߅ ׻֋ خ ־ã ֮ ִ ָ ִ ֆ ָ ָ ִ ֲ ֛ ֤־ ֵ , ן ֤־ ֵ ֮ ֟ և ָ ֛ ֮ ׿ ן ֮ ֜ , ִ ֆ ֤־ ֵ , ֛ ִ ׸ִ ִ֮ ֋, ׿ ֕ , ׬ և ֟ , ִ ֆ ָ Ͼע ױ ֮ ֟

, ֓ ֻ ׮ִֵ , ו ֕ ֵ ו ֤ ֓ , ־ ֛ ֋, ׮ִֵ ֲ ֵ֮ ֵ, ֤ ֮ ֻ֓ Ϥ ָ ߔ ׌ ִ ֺ , ֲ ֤ ֤õ ׾֮֬ ֳ ֤õ ־ ֛ ֬ ֛ ֟, ־ã ֻ ӓֵ֟ ׻֋ և ֮ ? ־ã ֻ ӓֵ֟ ׻֋ ? ׿ ߔ , ֻ ֜ ֋ և , ָ ֛ ֲӤ ֋, ֛ ךև ֋߅ ׻֋ ָָ ׮־ ָ ָָ ׾ָ֓

껱 ָ ֛ ִ Ӿ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ָ , ֋ ٣ ֿ֌ , ߛ ׌ ״ֻ ִ ֵ ֟׾ , ׿ ׻֋ ֛ ָ ֮ և ׿ ִִ ֟ ֛ ִ ׸ִ ꅠ ֆ ו֮֟ þָָ ׻֋ ׿֟ ׿֟ ֋, ֮ օ ִ ׾ ӡ , ֻ ٟ֮֯ , ׻ ׿ פ ֋ ֋ , ָ ״ֻ þ־ֻӲ ִ ֣ ֣ ָ ָ ִ ֋ ֋, ו֮ ֮ ٣ ãן ֲ֕ ֮

ӟ ֮ ӡֵֻ ָ ִֻ ִ ֯ ׮׬ , ׮֙ظ ꅠ ֯ ׮׿֟ ֮ ֳ ׌ ״ֻ, ו ׻֋ ֮ ֮և և ֣ ָ֮ - ֮֋ ('3A'SCH' ָ ָ)

SCH/3A/3.55

. ϳ (֟): ָ ֯ ׾֪ ӓָ ϓָ ִ֬ ֮֟ ָ֮ ֋ ֮ ֳ ֮ ׻֋ - ֮֋ ֮և և , ֣ ֣ ֟ ־ã ֋ ָ֮ ׌ ו ׻֋ ֮ ֮־֤ (ִ֯)

׻ (׸): ֳ֬ , ֮־֤

֮־ָ, ֯ ן ֮֮ߵ ӡ ֮ -߮ ״֮֙ ֓և ֟ ֲ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ָ ֮ օ ӓֵ֟ ֕ Ӭ ֮֯ ϳ ֵ֟ ֕߾ Ӭ ׸֮ , ֕ ֟ , ֮֮ߵ ӡ þָ ִ Ӿ ֯ ָ ߾֮ , ӓֵ֟ ֕ ֟ פ ӓֵ֟ ׻֋ ֮֯ ו ָ ֕֙ פ , פ ִ ׾ ׻֋ ֵ , ֓և ָ ֤ ׾ֿ֮ ִ ֕ ָ Ϥ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ־ , ֯ þֵ ֟ ָ֮ ֻ ֯ ㌟- ֯ ֮֟ ֻ ֻ ֲֻ֮ ־ ߟ ֟ ׮¯ ־ ֮ ֯ ָ ָ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ִ ָ ־ Ӿ ߾֮ ֲԤ ִ ֵ , Ӿ ֕ ־֟ և ִ ־ã ֻ ו֮ , ִ׮֟ ֋, ו ָ ך ߅ 'և' ֻ , ֕ 㴲և , ֕ ִ և ָ ֯ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ־ã ו֮ ֮ ӓֵ֟ ־ ̲֕ ׮¯֟ ֣ ֮ ׮ִֵ ֯ ֮֮ , ֯

֮־ָ, ָ ӓֵ֟ פ ֟ , ָ خ ֻ ָ ױ ֻ ꅠ

֤ ׸֮̾ ־ֻ ֟ - ֲ ֯ ֟ ֋ ׸֮̾ ָ֬ ָ ֮ ֋ ߟ ӓֵ֟ ִ , ן ֲָָ ֣ ֣ ֯ ֯ ׻֋ ִ֟ ݵ֟֋ ãׯ֟ ֋Ӆ ־ ׬֮ ָ ׸֮̾ ֟ ֋ -, - וֻ , ׻֋ ׸֮̾ , ָ ׸̾ , ׻֋ ߛ ָ ׸̾ ָ ׾ָ ߟ ֟ פև , ָ ׻֋ ׸֮̾ ־ ׯ֔ ׸֮ ׸֮̾ ָ ׸֮ ߟ ִ֮ ׸֮̾ , ָ ׸֮̾ ִֻ ֯ ] ׻֋ ֯ ׮֬׸ ִ ӓֵ֟ ꌿ֮ וûי ֻ ٻִֵ ꌿ֮ ֮֮ ָ ־ և , ׻֋ ֮֮ߵ ӡ ־ã ֋ ӓֵ֟ ־ և ׮¯ Ӆ

֮־ָ, ױ ִ ׾ ִֻ ֟ ָ , ֕ Ӿ ֤ ֳ ׾֬֋ 1 ߟ-֟ Ӿ ֤ ֕ , ò Ӿ ֤ ֕ ߮ ֮ ֵָ , ֕ ָ ֮֋ ֮ ֕ ֯ ו֮֟ ֕߆ , ֕߆ , ׻ֵ ׻֋ ֲ ֯ ׿֟ ֕߆ ֤׬ָ, ֤õ, ֮֕ן ׬ָ ־ ױָ ֣ ֕߆ ߔ ֛ ׬ָ ִ ־ ֟, և, ֟ߕ, ֟, ָ , ֟ פ ָ ֮ ֟ ֕ ֕߆ ָ ו֮֟ ָ , ֮ ָ ָ ֵ֓֟ ֕ ָ פ ֋ ֤ օ

֟ Ù֮ ׸ , ֮ ׸ , ֈә ï؛ ׸ ָ , ֳ ִ ֻ֟ , Ӿ ֤ ָ ֟ ֟ ӛ ֮ ָ ָ ָ , ׿ֵ֟ ָ օ ׻֋ ֯ ֕߆ ֟ ִ

֮־ָ, Ӿ ֤ , ֯ ִ , ׻֋ Ӿ ׿ ׻֋ ֯ ׿ ӓ־ ׸ Ӿ ֡ ָ ֕ ֜ ֻ ֓ ߟ ָ , ָ ֕ ֻ֟ ֲ ָ ӓ־ , ֤ ָ ֻ ֟ , ָ ֟ ָ ִ ־߸ ֤ , Ӭ ֵ , ֤ ߿֮ , ߸ , ֯ פ ֤ , և ֮ ֻև ߅ ִֵ ֋֋ , ֲ Ӿ Ӿ ֿ߮ ֙, ֆ ֻև ִ , - ֋ ֋ ֕ ־ ֣ ֤ ֵ ߸ ִ , ֕

3b/MCM ָ ֿ:

PREVIOUS HOUR