PREVIOUS HOUR

2B/2.00/KS

The House re-assembled after lunch at two of the clock,

THE DEPUTY CHAIRMAN in the Chair.

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SHRIMATI VANGA GEETHA (ANDHRA PRADESH): Sir, I would like to quote the hon. Minister's statement. He has identified the real problem in the three-tier system. He has said, "It is unfortunate that over the years, despite Constitutional guarantees, the Panchayat, at all levels -- village, block, taluka and zilla -- has remained dysfunctional because of several parallel bodies of the State and the Centre that are still operating at all these levels. Sir, to overcome this, a Group of Ministers is now examining how the Panchayati Raj institutions could be empowered further instead of just institutionalising them as a village republic".

Firstly, I would like to raise the issue of funds allocated to the Panchayati Raj Ministry. The amount for providing employment is not enough when we take into account the demand specifically. Secondly, the day before yesterday, I mentioned about article 243G of the Constitution, which provides for the devolution of powers to the Panchayats, for empowering Panchayati Raj institutions, including Gram Panchayats, to function as "institutions of self-government" to make plans for economic development and social justice for their respective areas and implementing the programmes of economic development and social justice in their respective areas. The role of Panchayati Raj institutions has its bearing on economic development and social justice in rural areas.

Sir, the Centre should ensure that all the States to which the Constitution 73rd Amendment Act applies have to devolve powers and responsibilities to the Panchayats in equal measure. (Contd. by 2C)

TDB/2C/2.05

SHRIMATI VANGA GEETHA (CONTD.): Sir, the Panchayati Raj holds the key to garibi hatao. This can come about only if the institutions of Panchayati Raj are strengthened at the grass root level. Immediate steps need to be taken to strengthen the Panchayati Raj Institutions.

Sir, the role of the Panchayati Raj system is dependent on three Fs, namely, funds, functions and functionaries. Sir, even now the preliminary work has been completed in some States only. But, in some States, this 3-tier system is not being implemented. The Government should give top priority to transfer of power to the local bodies; otherwise, the meaning of democracy will not be achieved in true sense. I would like to know from the hon. Minister how many States have made the rules for delegating the power to the Panchayati Raj Institutions.

Sir, the Panchayati Raj system should provide a systematic training ground for the people who will take top leadership positions in the country in the future. Women are making impressive strides in their quest for leadership. The Government should incorporate some recommendations of the Eleventh Finance Commission to overcome corruption in the Panchayati Raj system. Before implementing it, the Centre should consult the States. The Government should make serious efforts to institutionalise social audit measures through Gram Sabha so that Gram Panchayats are made responsible to the village community as a whole. The Centre should ensure that the States need to put in place systems that are capable of tracking transfers of funds to Panchayats, both through banks and treasuries. This would definitely ensure tracking of releases and expenditure. The Centre should work with the States to put in place the required hardware and software for this purpose.

Sir, the Ministry should agree to support initiatives taken by the States in computerisation and e-governance of Panchayats as part of the National e-Governance Plan. The Government should set up a committee for the Panchayati Raj Institutions to monitor the release of grants for a particular Five Year Plan.

Sir, there should be a national perspective plan on decentralised training and capacity building for all Panchayati Raj Institution functionaries with specific objectives like time-frame and resources. The Centre should assist the States in upgradation of training centres and extension training centres at the district, block level and below.

Sir, training is all the more required because the hon. Minister told the House the day before yesterday that about 32 lakh representatives are there in the Panchayati Raj system, and out of that, 12 lakh are women. Maybe, the other 12 lakh belong to the weaker sections of the society, like the SCs, STs and OBCs. That means, 50 per cent of the total representatives in the Panchayati Raj Institutions come from backward areas who lack the basic knowledge. So, training is very much required for them. Due to lack of training, they are being exploited. So, training, more particularly to women, should be given. The women are very much interested in serving the villages. But because of their illiteracy, because of lack of knowledge, because of lack of knowledge about records and registers, lack of knowledge about their powers and the powers of the Panchayat Secretary, they are not able to do their duties properly. Sir, it is very essential to give them training, if we want these people to work efficiently. So, training is very important for them Therefore, I suggest to the hon. Minister that these people should be given a minimum of three months' training immediately after their taking up the position.

Sir, the day before yesterday, an hon. Member mentioned about the importance of Gram Sabha. The Gram Sabha is very important in the Panchayati Raj system. As far as the Gram Sabha is concerned, every issue of a village is placed before it. Sir, I would like to mention before the House an issue concerning Andhra Pradesh. Sir, maybe in the last month, the Andhra Pradesh Government has entered into an MoU with the industry, Jindal Company, which is owned by a Congress leader. (Contd. by 2d)

kgg/2d/2.10

SHRIMATI VANGA GEETHA (contd.): This industry is planning to take away a large amount of bauxite from the agency area in Andhra Pradesh. The agreement is against the norms, and against the Supreme Court directions. This exploration will be displacing a large number of tribals and agency areas of Andhra Pradesh. It is also openly discussed in the bauxite belt of our State. I request the Government of India to intervene and save the tribals and the wealth of bauxite, and protect the environment. I quote certain issues from a newspaper published in the leading Telugu daily, Enadu, "Andhra Looti".

MR. DEPUTY CHAIRMAN: You should not show the newspaper. I have told you in the morning also.

SHRIMATI VANGA GEETHA: Sir, this is a notification. This is a notified tribal area. In this notified tribal area, it is mandatory to conduct Gram Sabha elections. The bauxite area relates to seven villages. Even in one village, Gram Sabha election is not conducted. Without the approval of Gram Sabha, they have given those areas officially to the company. This is in violation of the norms and against the rules of the Supreme Court judgment. I would like to bring this fact to the hon. Minister's attention that it is mandatory for everyone concerned to conduct Gram Sabha elections and then take approval from the Gram Sabha.

Sir, nextly, I would like to raise the issue of additional wage employment scheme in rural areas and food security. In the Budget, the amount allocated under the Sampoorna Grameen Rozgar Yojana should be increased to at least Rs. 5000 crores from the present Rs. 3000 crores. Because, the amount for providing employment is not adequate if we take into account the widespread prevailing unemployment especially in the rural areas.

Even after fifty-eight years of Independence, the condition of many villages is pitiable. Sir, the hon. Minister may be aware that many districts in Andhra Pradesh are facing drought, continuously for the last five to six years. Hence, the farmers in these regions have totally become helpless and are living in very miserable conditions.

Due to consecutive droughts, hundreds of farmers have committed suicide in the last few years. Why are they committing suicides? As the hon. Minister is kindly aware, the specific reason is, they receive loans and they could not repay the loan back to the banks due to poor climatic conditions, recurring droughts and some other farming problems. When they are not able to repay the loan to the banks due to the above mentioned reasons, they are deprived of getting fresh loans. Under such circumstances, they are forced to approach private money-lenders who take advantage of their pitiable position and helplessness. They charge a hefty amount of interest from the farmers which ultimately lead them into the debt trap. I would, therefore, suggest that banks should make the loan terms and conditions simple so as to enable the farmers to get the loans without any difficulty. Farmers are also keeping away from banks due to the stringent formalities. Hence, there is dire need to make the laws suitable and conducive to the farmers.

In regard to providing sanitation facilities in the rural areas under the Rural Sanitation Campaign, the Government has allocated an amount of Rs. 720 crores for 2006-07 for the construction of 2 lakh toilets. Sir, I think, this is not an adequate amount by any standards. I would request the hon. Minister to enhance the subsidy amount for this purpose. Sir, moreover, the performance of Rural Sanitation Campaign in some villages is also not satisfactory.

The Government had identified around 15 lakh houses to be constructed in the country under the Bharat Nirman Programme. The allocation for this scheme is to be increased to take up more and more construction of houses, especially in Andhra Pradesh. (Contd. by 2e)

KLS/2E-2.15

SHRIMATI VANGA GEETHA (CONTD): Sir, in regard to providing drinking water, 56,270 habitations and 1,40,000 schools are expected to be covered. The Government is to levy 10 per cent tax. I would request the hon. Minister to decrease this to at least 5 per cent. The Government should also adopt strategies to tackle by including conservation, better operational management, and water quality monitoring at the village level.

Sir, recently, some schemes have been merged into the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme to provide 100 days of work. The total allocation for rural employment under this scheme is Rs.14,300 crore. I would request the hon. Minister to ensure that this scheme is implemented effectively by increasing the number of days to at least 150. The amount to meet the current situation is inadequate and this amount is not sufficient to meet the actual demands of our rural employment.

MR. DEPUTY CHAIRMAN: Please conclude.

SHRIMATI VANGA GEETHA: Only five minutes more. ...((Interruptions)...

MR. DEPUTY CHAIRMAN: Your party's time is seven minutes and you have already taken 20 minutes. ...((Interruptions)...

MINISTER OF PANCHAYATI RAJ AND YOUTH AFFAIRS AND SPORTS (SHRI MANI SHANKAR AIYAR): But 20 extremely constructive! ...((Interruptions)...

MR. DEPUTY CHAIRMAN: Now, the Minister has intervened. ...((Interruptions)...

SHRIMATI VANGA GEETHA: Thank you, Sir.

SHRI V. NARAYANASAMY: Sir, it is an important subject, therefore, everybody wants to contribute.

SHRIMATI VANGA GEETHA: Sir, many rural industries are facing financial crunches. Rural artisans have not been provided the necessary support through the existing schemes. The Government should give top priority to revive the village industries by providing sufficient employment. The Government should empower the SCs, STs and OBCs through reservation and send the money directly to local bodies. This would definitely improve the standards of life in rural areas.

The work under the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana is to be made fast in future and the allocation should be increased more. There should also be regular monitoring about the implementation of such schemes. I suggest the hon. Minister that the roads, which need to be upgraded, and which are incomplete should also be included in this scheme without any loss of time because the rural roads, which are constructed, are never maintained properly. The present Government has done precious little to improve the life rural people.

Finally, Sir, I would like to submit to the hon. Minister of Rural Development I am very happy to say that you have sanctioned many schemes for under the SCs and STs Rojgar Yojana. You have sanctioned many schemes for rural development. But after the completion of the training period, there is lack of coordination in marketing. The women are facing so many problems. In my own district, the then Rural Development Minister, Mr. Venkaiah Naidu had sanctioned Rs.25 crores for a project for fashion designing technology in which 13,000 women are getting training or have completed their training. They are well trained, but due to lack of coordination between the officials and the fashion designing authorities, they are facing so many problems. They are not able to go to other cities like Bangalore, Bombay, Vizag, etc. They are not able to talk to the middle people. I would like to request the hon. Minister to keep this in mind and assist these rojgaris in getting better employment and money. Sir, finally, I would like to conclude with some suggestions on Panchayati Raj. Again I come to my subject. Sir, the hon. Minister has conducted many roundtable conferences on Panchayati Raj. I would like to know from the hon. Minister about the outcome of these conferences, and whether the Government is going to bring any comprehensive Bill in this regard for further strengthening the Panchayati Raj activities. Thank you very much, Sir, for allowing me to speak on this important subject by allotting me more time to me. Thank you. (Ends)

(Contd by 2F)

ASC-SSS/2.20/2F

׻֟ ֟ (֕ã֮) : ֮֮ߵ ֳ֯ן , ӓֵ֟ ֕ ִ ׾ ָ ֮֯ ָ פ , ׻֋ ֯ ֮־֤ ֟ ִ ׾ ֵ ׾ֵ , ֮ , ו֮ ן ֓, ֯ ִ֮ , ׯ֔ ֓ ִ ׾ ֓ ָ ָ ִ ׾ ßָ ָ ֋, ֣ ָ , ׌ ֮ ֯ , ָ ָ ߴָ ׻֋ ׾֬ ߅ ׯ֔ ֓ ָ ֻײ ? ִ ? ִ ֵֻ֮ ָ֟ ֻ , Ӿ ٣ ׾ִ֟ ֜ ֻ , ָ߲ ׬ ֜ ֻ , ֓ օ , ֯ ִ֬ ֮֮ߵ ӡ ִ ׾ ׾ָ֓ ִֵ ָ ִ֮ Ͽ ֟ ֮ ֟ , ָ߲ ׸օ ָ߲ , ־ִ֟ ֨ӟ ֵ ֵ ָ ָָ ֮ ֵ, ֟ ָ ֓ ׌֠ ׸ ߕ ״ֻ ֋, פ ߕ ״ֻ, ָ߲ ֋օ ָ߲ ִָ ? ֮֮ߵ ӡ ׮׿֟ ֟ ۠ ָ ׮׿֟ ׾ָ֓ ָ߲ ٣ ãן , ן ãן ָ ֵ ٣ ãן ֋ ִָ ֻ ֮ ־ã ׾ָ֓ , ߕ ׾ָ֓ , ָ߲ ׸֟ , ™ ד֟ , ֟ ָ߲ פ֮ ϵ ֮ ִָ ָ߲ ֮ ׻ֵ ֮֮ߵ ӡ , ָָ ֟ ָ ׾ָ֓ , ָ߲ ֙ ? 1973 ֵ ֮ܵ ֳ 50 ןֿ֟ ָ߲ ߴ- ߓ .81 ָ ָ߲ ן־ ֙ , ן , ֓ ,™ ֤ ֓ ٣ ר ֳ ӓ ןֿ֟ , ֌ ֵ .81 ָ ָ߲ ֙ , ִ ׾ ϴ ֵ ֻ ֤֯ ָ֬ ָ, 26 ןֿ֟ ָ߲ ֙ և ߮, , ׮֕, ׾֙״֮, ָ߸ ׻֋ ־ֿ ? ֮֮ߵ ӡ ׮־ ָָ ָ ׾ָ֓ ֻ ָ߲ ׾ָ֓, ֮ ֣ ׮֬׸ , ֮µ ֮ ׻֋ ־ֿ ֟ , ָ ׾ָ֓ ֮ ֓ և , ָ ֛, þ֓, ֻ֕, ־ ׿ ִ֮ ָ, פ ֲ ָ ׾ָ֓ ָ߲ , ׸ , ׾ָ֓ , ָ߲ ׿ֿ ִ ׾ օ ֳ֯ן , ִ ׻֋ ֟Դ֮ ָָ ֵ ִֵ և , 'ִ ָ ָ ֮' ֻ և ָ ֓Ԡ և ָ߲ ״֮֙ ™ ָ ™ פþ֯֠ ֮֟ ׿ֿ և (ֿ: 2G ָ)

NB/2G/2.25

׻֟ ֟ (֟) : 100 פ ָ, 60 ֋ ןפ ֮ 6,000 ֵ ן ״ֻօ ֯ ִ֬ ֯ ׿ ָ ָ ? 6,000 ֋ ן ֻ ׸ָ ֮ ״ֻօ 100 פ ִ ֓ և , ָ 90 פ ֯ ִ ֋, 5,400 ֋ ָ 365 פ 100 פ ִ ״ֻ ֵ, ֮? ֵ ֮ ™ߵ ִ ָ ֮, ִ ״߮ ָ ָ ֮, ־ ָ ֮, ֟ ָ ֮, ־ ִ ִר ֮ - ֲ ֮ֆ ֮֯ ִ֯ פ ֮ ֕ ָ ֓ ֯ ִ֬ ֮֮ߵ ӡ ׮־ ֮ ׻֋ 57,000 ֋ ־ֿ ߅ ֯ ֮ 142 וֻ ϓ׸ , one third of the population ִ cover , ֲ ׻֋ 19,000 ֋ ִ ׾ ׻֋ ֕֙ 31,443 ֵ פ ֵ , וִ ֻ Ӹ , ֻ Ӿ֬Ԯ , ֓և , ָ֟ , ״ ׾ , ֜ ׮ֵӡ ֵ , ָ׸ ֻ- پָ֟ , ֮ ׮ֻ ֋ ֯ ? ֮֮ߵ ӡ calculate under different heads, ֮ ֮ ֋, ֟ ֺ ؓ֟

, ִ ָ ֮ ֓ ֵ ֵ ֋ ֵ ãֵ ֮֮ߵ ӡ , ֯ ֋ ִ ֻ 40 ןֿ֟ ׿ ִ֮ ׻֋ և 60 ןֿ֟ ׿ ָ ׻֋, ִ ׻֋ և ֯ ָ , ֟ ֓ , 40 ןֿ֟ ãֵ ִ ׮ִ ? ׮־ ֮ ֕ ָָ ßָ ָ experiment ӳ־ ׻֋ ֯ ָ پָ֓ ׸ ֯ ִ ãֵ ִ ֮ ֮ , ֟ Ϥ ֟ , ß֮ , ֛ ׻֋ ״ּ ֻ֟ , ״ּ ֟ , ִ ֟ ֯ ײֻ , ٟ ׻֋ ָ ֮֯ ratio ֵ֜, ãֵ ִ ׻֋ ֵԯ օ ֮ ֕ ֜ ס , Ӿ ֙ ߸ , ֕׾ ֮֬ , þֺ ִ ָ ֜ , ָ ֳ֟ ׸, ד֋, ׾֓׸, ֵָ ֜և Ӥ ֮ ׸

ֳ֯ן , ׾ֵ ֯ ֮ ֟ , ִ ׾ ™ ־ֿ - ֓ և ־ ߅ ֯? ֕ã֮ ֟ ׯ֔ ֮ ֮ ֮ , ֟ ָ ֕ã֮ ӡ , ֟֋ פ ־ ֮ֆ ֮ ֮ , ֟ ? ֵ֮ ֮֯, ִ ִ֟ ֮ , ֮ ãן օ ִ֟ ֮ ? ™ ִ֟ ֮ - - ֵ֮, ԑָ, Ӥ ֵֻ, ֿ ־ã, Ӥ ֮ ׮օ ָ ֯ ֲ ߕ ֮ , פ ־ ֮ ֲֻ֟ ִ 64 ןֿ֟ ã֮ ָ ִ֟ ֮ ™ ־ ֟ 2020 ֮ ָ֬ ָ ֮ ֯ ֱ ֯ ֮ ָ ֵ ֟ ֮֟ ־ ™ ֮֯ ֟ , ִ ֯ ֋?

2H/AKG ָ ֿ:

AKG/2H/2.30

׻֟ ֟ (֟) : , ִ ׾ ™ ֮ ֲֻ֟ ָ ֓ ֮֮ߵ ӡ , ׾ þã ֚ ׌ ׻֋ 50 ߙ ֮ ־ֿ ֵ֟ ֵ ־ִ߮֟ ™ߵ ׸ָ þã Ӹ 37.7 ןֿ֟ ָ ֻ 15 ״֮֙ ֮ ֟ , ־ã 8 ߙ ֮ ״ֻ ֳ ־ֿ ֻ ֲ ֟ , ִ ֻ ׌ ? Ϥ ֟ , ־ߵ֟ , և ׾ þã ֚ ֮ ָ֬ ָ ֕ã֮ , ֮ ™ ִõ ׾֪֮ , þ֓ ֻ ֲֻ ֟ ֓ כև֮ כևև֮ ֋ և , ׻֋ -, ד֟ ֕֙ ֲֻ ֯ ִ ֮ ֲֻ ֋?

, ֕ã֮ ֹ ׾ֿ ִõ ߮ ߛ߯ ߋ ֻ ֋ ꅠ ־֮֬ ֵ ? ֲ ׯ֔ , ֹ״ , ֬ ׬ ß֮ ׾ֿ פ ֮ ? ֟ ָ ׾ָ֓ ֮ ִ ן ׻֋, ִֵ ֮֮ ׻֋ ֜ ־ֿ ?

, ֮֟ ï , ֟ ָ ֓ , ֻ - ֟ ֓ ֮ ֟ ֟ օ ִ ׾ ׻֋ ֮ ֮ ׻֋ ׻֋ ֮ ߮ ׮֙ ִֻ֯ ׻ֵ, ׻Ù ִֻ֯ , ׸ י , ֮ ֳ ָ ֮ ֯׸ ָ ִ߮ , ֲ ָ, ִ ֤ 滵 Ӿ٨ ß ׾ ־ã , ֲ ִ ׾ ר ֋օ

, , , ֯ ִ֬ ֟ Ϭִ֮ӡ ֛ ֮ ֻ ֻ , ֻ , ָ ָ Ѿ ׾ , ֻ Ѿ ܵ ֛ ֋, ֱ Ѿ ֵ ֟ , Ѿ כ ָ ֟ ꮵ ֛ ָ ־ã ׿ֿ և, ִ׮ֵ , ֛ ׾ ִ׮ֵ , ׻֋ Ϭִ֮ӡ ֛ ֮ ׮֬Ը ִֵ Ѿ ֟ ו֋, ֵ , ֲ֕ , ֮-֮ , ָ ֮ ־ֿ ֕ã֮ ֟ , 60 ָ Ìֵָ ߙ Ѿ ֯ ֻ Ԯ ևә ָ ֛ , ֯ ִ ׾ ? ֻ ֟ ן ֯ ִ֮ ֯ ׮־ ֲ ֯ ֮ ־ֲ , ֵ ֟ ָ ־ֲ ֮־֤ (ִ֯)

Ӥ 껻 (֮ Ϥ) : כ ָ ָ, ֮֯ ֛ և ֕ ֳ Ͼ , ׻֋ ֯ ָ֤

ָ, ִ ӓֵ֟, ִֻ֯ ָ ָ ֤ ֮֮ߵ ֤õ ֮-֮ ׾ָ֓ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ִֻ֯ ָ , ֲ כӛ ָ ֓ , ָ ָ ֯ Ϭִ֮ӡ ֕߾ Ѭ ָ ֤ , ָӓ ָ ٻִֵ ֙ , ִ ָӓ ֙

(2 ָ ֿ:)

2J/HMS-VP/2.35

Ӥ 껻 (֟) : ִ֮ ִ ӓֵ֟ ִֻ֯ ׻֋ ָӓ ֮֬ օ ׾ֵ֬ ָ, ֳ ָ  ״׮Ù ָ כ ֛ , ֕߾ Ӭ ֮֯ ָ 75 ָ ׸ , ׾ֻ ֻ ׻֋ ָӓ ׮ֵ֤ ӓ ָ ׻֋, ִֻ֯ ׻֋ ָ ׮ֳԸ ֕߾ ׾֮֬ ӟԟ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ײֻ ֋ ו ֮ ָ , ֲ֤ ֲ , ֮ ֲ ״ֻ֮ , ֵָ פ ֮ ־ã ֵ߅ ֕ ӓֵ֟ ֕ Ù , ֲָָ ֤ ֕߾ Ӭ ָ ״ֿ֮ ִ ӓֵ֟ ׻֋ ֱ օ

ָ, כ ־ ֻ ׻י ֮ ֯ ߕ ֕ , ֕ ֟ և00և0 ֤ ֵָ ׻י Ӥ ׸ ֲֻ֟ כ ־ ֻ ߕ ִ ֻ֟, ־ִ ו֮֟ ߱ , ׻֋ ֵ ׻֋ ֮ , ֲ خ

ָ, ײֻ ״׮Ù ֕߾ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ׮ֵ֤ ӓ ֵ֮, ӓֵ֟ ֕ Ӥ ֵָ Ù ָӓ , ָ ӛ ߛ , ָ 0000 ָ 0000 ָ ֱ ׾֬ , ִ ׻֋ ӕև ߅ Ӭ Ϥ ֻ ӓ ָ ֳ ָ ֵ֟ ִ ,  ָ ָ ӡ ׸ϕ֮ ֵ 0000 ָ ִ ָ֋ ִ ָ ָ ׸ϕ֮ ֵ , ֻ , ֟ ָ Ù ָ ӲӬ ־ ֋ ָ, ָ ָ Ӥ 64 ִ ָ׻ Ù ә ִ֟ כ כ֙ Ӥ 6-7 ֻ ײֻ ؛ ֛ ֆ ׸ϕ֮ ׾֬ ӓֵ֟ Ӥ, ׮֯ Ӥ, ׮ֻ֯ ֮ Ӥ ֆ ׸־֮ , Ù ָ ӓֵ֟ ֕ Ӥ ֆ ׸־֮ Ù , ֻ כ Ӥ ֟ 64 ִ ׸֕ , ֆ ֱ ֮ ׻֋ 33 ָ ׸־֮ ֟ , ׾ָ ִ֣Ԯ , ־֮ ֮ Ӥ ֟ ֮ ֤ ִִ ߕ ֮֮ߵ ӡ ָ׻ Ӥ 64 ִ , ֆ ׻֋ ׾֬ ֮֟ ָ ײֻ ֲ ֕ ֋ ֵ ֯ ׸ ? ә , ׾֬ (2 /ߋ־ ָ ֿ:)

PSV-PK/2K/2.40

Ӥ 껻 (֟) : ָ, ִ֟ 000 ָָ ֮֮ ֤ ָ Ù և ָ ָԮ ׮ֵ Ӭ, ָ ָ Ϭ֮ ӡ 0 ִ֮ ֻ֮ ִֵ ָ ֵ , ֕ ׮ֵ ו֮֟ ٻִֵ Ù , ֮ ״ֻ ־֮֬ ֵ ָ 100 ִ ״ֻ, ״ֻօ

ָ, ֯ ֵ֤ ָ ֻ , ָ Ӭ Ϥ ֕ , ֻֻ ߮ ֻ ׸ ֕ ֮ ֱ פ ֮ ֮ ָ ׻֋ ָ Ù , ָ ֮ ֛ ֮ ִִ ָ׮ֵ Ӆ ִ֟ 000 ָָ , ׮ֵ Ӭ ָԮ ֮֮ ֤ ָ Ϭ֮ ӡ ֕ Ù և ׸֕ ֮ ױ ִֵ ָ ß־ ֵ, ֻ֟ ֱ ֮ ָ ֟ , ָ ׻֋ ֮ ֵ֤֤ ָ ָ ֟ ָ ִ ׻֋ ׮ֵ Ӭ Ϭ֮ ӡ 0 ִ֮ ֬և

ָ ֟ ָ ִ ™ן ֮ ֛׿ֵֻ ָ ׮ִ ָ ֵ֟օ ֕ Ѿ , ׸ ׸֕ , ֻ ֛ ֲָ ֕ , ֤֕ ״ֻ֮ ֮ פ ֤ - , ָ ׮ִ ֮ ֱ ֛ Ù֮ ׾ֻ ִֻ֯ ׾֬ ִ֟ ߴ

ָ, 00 00 ׻֋ ֮֟ ֮֟ - ߴ , פ ־ ֮ ֕ ָָ ֮֟ ֱ ֮֟ Ù֮ ѓ , Ù ָ, ֱ , ָ ֯ 00/00 ֮֟ ֋ ؾ֛ , ֕ ևԙ 9 ߙ ֕֋ 8 ߙ ևԕ 10 X 10 , 8 X 8 ִ ״ֵ-߾ ֛-֛ ׻֋ ִ ׸֟Ԯ ָ ֮ ֮֮ 25 ָ ֋ ֓ , ֕ Ù ׻ؾ , ߴ , Ù߻ ִ߸ ֮ - ֯כָ , ֱ ֜ ֯ ֜և, ו֮ ָ ָ ֮֟ ֛ ֕ ֛ ֵָ֟, ֮ ִ֕ , ו֮ 10 ָ 12 ָ ֵ ֛-֛ ֮ ֮ ִ ֕ ָ߲ ֤, ד֟ ן ֤, ֮ ӯ֛ ָ ָ ָָ , ָ ָָ ֕ ָָ ׸ ׻֋ ֋ ֕ ָָ ֮֮ ׻֋, ֙ ָָ , ִ ֤ ֮ٙ֯ , ֟ , ָָ ֮֟

ָ, ֟ 00 00 ߕ ֮֟ ֤ ִ ׌֙ , ׻ֵ֟ , և ߅ ָ ִִ ׻ֵ֟ -ߙ ִ֟ ֲ ֯ ֮ Ù ֮֟ , ֌ , ׌֙ ׻ֵ֟ ֤ ׻ֵ֟ ֳ ִ ָ (2/000 ָ ֿ:)

2L/klg/2.45

Ӥ 껻 (֟) : ֯ ֮ ֺ ֮֟ , ֤ ִ ׻ֵ֟ ָ 㻛 Ù 㻛 և Ӥ ִִ ן

ֳ֯ן , ָ ׸֕ , ֻӛ וֻ ֮ Ӥ כÙ , ָ ִֻ֯ ״׮Ù ָ ָ ׸ ֟ , ãן ֮֟ , ָ ӟ ֻ ֻ ֟ , ָ߸ ֛ , ֻ ֯ ֟ ӿ ֤ ָ ֻ ָ ָ ïֻ ֮ ֛ ֻ ֱ ߮ ֮ ״ֻ֮ , ׸֕ , ׻֋ ֙ ׻֋ ֯ ֱ ָ֮׿ ֯ ֮

, ָ ִ֕ Ӥ , ֛, ֮ ׿, ָ ߕ ֤ ״ֻ֮ , ֮ ֮ ֻ ֤ ֱ ָ߲ ߓ ָ߲ ָ ֮ ׻֋ ָָ , ׾ֵ֬ ִִ Ծ ֮֟ ִִ ߕ וִָ ָָ ָ ָ ֤ Ծ ֮֟ ִ ֤ ֕ ָ ׸֕ þã ־ã ֯ ֮֟ ׸֕ , ֯ ֟ , ָ ֻ, וֻ ֙ ֕ ָ߲ ֤ þã ߙ ָ , ָ֯ ֟ ָ ןֱ ָ׻ ־ ֻֻ خ ׻֋ ֮ ״ֻօ ֟-֟ ß ָ֟ ױֻ ָ ֵօ כ ָ֯ ߙ օ ֯ ֲ߲ߋ ? , ָ֯ ֟ ֯ ֕ ֟ ֻ , ָ Ӿ Ӥ ֻ , ׻֋ ֲ߲ߋ ֻ , ָ֤֟ ֮ ֕ ֟ ֤ ׻֋ þã ד ׾֬ ִ֕ Ӥ ֛ ïֻև , , ָָ ïֻ֟ ֟ , ָ߲ ֤ ָָ ïֻ֟ ֟ ָ߲ ׻֋, Ӿ ׻֋ ָ ֻ ִִ ߕ ָ

, ָ ֕ã֮ ״֡ ֟ , ָ ׮ ־ ֮ Ù֮ ָ օ ֳ ִ ֮ ָ ־ֻ ӲӬ ֲָ ֵ , ִֻ֯ ߴ ֻ , ִ ֮ , ָ֟ , ֲָ ֵ Ù ָ ֵ , 60/-֋ ֵ֕ 18/-, 20/-֋ ִ ָ , ־֮Դ 60/-֋ , ָ , ָָ , ֙ ָָ , ָָ ֲ ָ ָָ ׮ִֵ ֮֟ , ֮ ֮֟ ֵ ֵ , ״ֻ֮

ָ֕ ״ : ֲָ פ , י ׸և , ױ ֤ ֻ֮

Ӥ 껻 : ָ, ֳ ֵ ӡ ...(־֮֬)

ֳ֯ן : ֟ פև

Ӥ 껻 : ָ, -և ֟

ָ֕ ״ : ׻֋ ׸և ׸

Ӥ 껻 : ָ, ָָ

ֳ֯ן : 껻 , ֯ ֲָ ִ ֟֋Ӆ ....(־֮֬)

Ӥ 껻 : ָ, ֤֕ ֤֕ , ֙ ָָ ֮ ׻֋ ֙ ֻ ֲָ "ָ" , ֯ ל , Ù , ֕ ָ߲ ֣ ֕Ù

2/ ָ

AKA-SKC/2M/2:50

Ӥ 껻 (֟) : ֱ , ֮֮ ֤ פ ֱ ָָ , ֵ֕ ӡ ׸ , ӓ ֋

ֲ ֣, ֮ ֟ ִ֯ ֮־֤

(ִ֯)

ָ : ֳ֯ן , ָ֕ ״ ֯ ֵ ֲָ ֲָ ָ֬ ָ ֤ ֵԾ , ָ י Ӆ

ֳ֯ן : ֲָ ֲָ  ..(־֮֬)..

Ӥ 껻 : ָ ָ ..(־֮֬)..

ֳ֯ן : ָ , ֯ ׻֋

Ӥ 껻 : ָ ֟ ֤֕ 60 ֋ , ״ֻ֟ 18 20 ֋ , ֵ , ׻֋ ָ ִ

ֳ֯ן : ׮ ֵօ

׮ ֵ (׿ִ ֻ) : ֳ֯ן , ֕ ֤ ִ ׾ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ӡֵֻ ӡ ӓֵ֟ ֕ ӡֵֻ ֣ ִ ׾ ӡֵֻ ֵ ָ ֓ ִ ׾ ָָ ָ-ָ ָ ֮֋ , ָ ֻ ו , ָ ִ ־֙ ֻ פ ־ ֮ , ִ ֛ ֮ , ־ ָ ֮ , ִ ֤ ֕ ֮ , ֮ , ֮ֆ ֵ֮ ֵ֮ ָ Ӿ ֤ Ӿ ִ ֛ , ֕ ֮֮ߵ ӡ ֣Ԯ ֻ ׾-׾ דֻ֮ ׾ , ֻ ׻֋ 60 ָ ֋ 600 ָ ֋ ָ ָ ׸֮֋ ֮֋ , Ӿ ׾ ֟ , օ ׾ ֵָ ֮֮ , Ӿ ׾ ֵָ ֮֮ ֵ - ׾ ִ ָ , ֣ ֣ ׿ ־ã , - ־ã , ߮ ֱ ֮ ־ã , þã ׻֋ ֮ ïֻ֟ ֲ ϲӬ ָ , օ ׾ ؓ֟ ָ ֲ ײֻ֕ ־ã ׮֯׻֙ ױ ֟ פ , Ӿ ׾ֿ -֕ Ӿ , ֮-֮ ׿ ֟ , ֕ ָָ ָ ָָ - և ׸֮֋ , - خ , - ֮֋ ֮ ֮ֆ ֵ׮֟ ֮ , ָ֮ , ׾ֿ ֮ , ؓ֟ ߅ ãן Ӿ ׾ ׻֋ ֻ ׸֮ ִ ֮, ׻ ִ ֲ ֮ ֲ ßֻ ֮ֆ ָ ֻ ֮ֆ ָ ֻ ßֻ ׻֋ ֲ Ùָ օ ֣-֣ ߕ - ӓֵ֟ ֕օ ו ӓֵ֟ ִ֬ ִ , ӓֵ֟ ִ , ִ ֮֕ן ָ օ ָ ׾֬֋ ֮֟ , ׾֬֋ ֮֟ ֋, ֵ ֲ ֋, ָ ִ߮ ׾ָ֟ ֋, ֕ ׾ָ֟ ֋, ãן ָ ֮֋ ֱ ߅ ׻֋ ׾ֳ פ ָ ֣ ִ , ׾֬ֆ ֮ ֟ , ֳ , ָ ָָ ָָ , ֮ ֮֋ ֮ , Ӿ ׾ օ ׯ֔ 56 ֻ ֮ Ӿ ׾ ֮֋ ֣ , ־֕ ֕ ãן Ӿ ֤ , ָ ָ ׻֋ ָ ׾ֳ Ӿ פ ֮ , ֲ ꅠ ֮ ו֋ 50,000 ־ ֮ 50,000 ־ ׻֋ ֮ פ, ֮ , ֮ , ֮ ־ ֺ , Ӿ 14 פ, Ӿ , ֲ ָ׮ֵ ֋߅ ָ ֟ ֮ օ ָ ֮ ֮ , ֤ ִ֮ , ϓָ ָָ , ֮ ֱ ֋߅

('2N/SCH' ָ ָ)

SCH/2.55/2N

׮ ֵ (֟): ֲ ָ ָ ֟ և, ָָ ֻ և ֟ ָ ָ ״ֻ, ֻ פ ִ ֟ , ו֮ ֮ , פ ָ , ױ פ ָ ָ ָָ , ֟ ֣ ֣ ߕ ֮ ֟ פ , ֮ , "ִ ֤ ֕", ֮ ֕ "ִ ֤ ֕" ֮ ָ ֮ 30,000 ֵ ֓ ָ ָ ֮ ֮ ֤ ֮ 60,000 ֵ ֓ ָ ֓ և ׸֮ ׻֋ ֮ 30,000 ֵ פ ָ ֮ ׸֮ ֟ ָ ߅

֮ ָ ָ ֤ Ӿ ֵֻ֮ , ָ ֋, 100 פ ָ ָ 265 פ ׻֋ ֮ ֛օ ֣-֣ ֯ ֮ Ӿ ֮ ׌ֵ ִ ׻֋ ׻Ù , ׸ָ ׻Ù , ֤ ֮ ׻Ù ָ ִ ״ֻ ֋ ֮ ָ ָ ֻ ָ ׸ָ 100 פ 200 פ ָ ֯ ֵ ָ Ӿ ׸ָ ֵ, ו פ ָ ״ֻօ ׻֋ ãן ֮ ֋ ׻֋ ָ ֮ օ

ָ ֟ Ӿ ׾ ׻֋ ֲ ߕ , וִ֮ ̴߮ ָ ׸ԅ ׸ Ӿ ו֮ ִ߮ ָ ִ , ָ פ ָ ָ ֋, ֲ ׿ ֋, פ ָ ֮ פ ָ Ӿ , ִ߮ , ָ ִ ֣ ֣ ׸, ִ߮ ֟ ֋ ָ ֿ֟ 165 פ ֓ ֟ , ִ ָ ָ Û ӛÙ ־ Ӿ ִ ״ֻ ױ ׻֋ ֮ ־ֿ ֛߅ ָ 365 פ ָ ֲֻ ֤ ׾֬ ׻֋ ã֮ , ֮ ָ ִ ֛ ֮ ָ פ ־ ֮ ׻֋ ָ ׻֙ߕ , Ù֮ פ ֻןֵ , ִ ָ ֮ ֲ ָ ֮֋ ֮ ׻֋ ָ , וִ֮ ׸ָ , ִ , ֣ ߕ ׻֋ ו֮֟ , ד֟ ϲӬ ꅠ ׻֋ ֵ , ִ ֕ ̴֮ ՙ, , ߴ פ ָߤ ֤ ָ ֮֮ ֕ ׿ , ֯ ֮ ׻֋ - פ ֟ߟ , ֮ ֻ ֜֟ ֮ Ù֮ ׻֋ , ֵ֜ ֋

֣ ֣, Ӿ ִõ֋ , ָ ߮ ֮ ִõ ָ Ӿ ߮ ֮ ־ã ֿ ֮ פ Ӿ ײֻ֕ , ̵ֻ Ӿ ײֻ֕ ߮ ֮ פ ֋ ߮ ֮ ֲֻ ֮ ֤ ָ ִָ ָ þã ֋ þã ֤ ׿ ֮ פ ֋ ײֻ֕ ֻ ֋, ײֻ֕ Ӿ ֮ ׾ ֋, ׻֋ ӓ ֺ ߕ , ֲ ֮ פ ֋ ֮ֆ ָ ֻ ׻֋ ӓֵ֟ ßֻ ֋ ӓֵ֟ ָ ׾֬ֆ פ ֮ ֮֕ן ֟- ßֻ ֋ ֮֕ן ׿ֿ ֋, ֣ ֣ ֟ ָ ֮ פ ֋ ָ ֮ ֮ ֋ ֮ ָ ֓ ֮ , פ ָ ׮֙ظ ֋, ֲ ߲֟ ߅ ֵ ֓ ֵ ־ ֻ ֵ, ָ ֮ ׾ ׻֋ , ֓ ֋օ ׻֋ ־ֿ ֵ ָ ߕ ד֟ כ ߾ ־ ָ ִ֬ ϓָ 2o/MCM ָ ֿ:

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